The information in this manual is based on the following software versions: MicroStation V8i - SELECT Series 2 Edition. () and GEOPAK V8i. MicroStation and InRoads are trademarks of Bentley Systems Incorporated. Where other This manual may be freely copied or distributed for the purpose of providing the Colorado Department of. Transportation and Location of PDF files. The first dialog you see after launching MicroStation V8i is the File Open. . tools will not be dealt with in the rest of this manual, but you are free to explore their.
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To be able to utilize the many different menus and tools MicroStation V8i Close - Closes the file you are working on and takes you back to MicroStation V8i. However, MicroStation and AutoCAD are still different CAD packages For this presentation we will compare MicroStation V8 and AutoCAD Release. Bentley MicroStation V8i is a CAD program designed with the interoperability of MicroStation is compatible with both DWG and DGN files, either preexisting or .
Summary In summary. Create graphics with blocks. Setup the text size. Setup the grid. Undo a command. Set up your working units. Work with the grid-lock on. Copying graphics. Edit by deleting graphics. Create a new design file. This is an easy way to make a back up. Like References. When you compress the file.
This is intended to give you an overview of generally what functions are available and where they can be found. Save As. Closes the file you are working on and takes you back to the MicroStation Manager.
Keep settings for the next time this design is opened. You can actually have several designs stored in the same file. Save Settings. This allows you to open a previously created file.
They can be 2D or 3D models. Each separate design is called a model. Click on each menu listed as you read this chapter. We will work with one model per file. View a separate design while working on the current one. Raster Manager. Compress Design. Use the scroll bar to scroll up and down the list or change folders. File menu Open.
When you add and delete elements. You can save a design under another name. Associate any file type with what you want MicroStation PowerDraft to do with it. If you use the Windows driver. Click on one to open it right up. Shows the properties of this design file.
An email of your current design file. Such as a tiff file to open Display Image. The list of files at the end is a history of recently opened files. Send a MicroStation PowerDraft design file out in one of the other formats. Where you go to produce a hardcopy of your design.
Print Preview. To leave MicroStation PowerDraft and return to the operating system. Shows how your design will look if printed with current settings. Gives you the ability to print a whole set of drawings Associate. Batch Print. Reverse UNDO.
Creates a Group of all elements in drawing. Puts selected elements in a group. Allows inserting an object. Reload your first design and try this. Use Group and UnGroup to temporarily turn group off and on. Reverse the effect of most recent command. Set up links. Select All. Select By Attributes. A group can then be manipulated using the Manipulate tool bar. Ungroups elements. Edit menu Undo. Set Mark. Update the links from this file to the OLE object.
Cut puts highlighted graphics on clip board and deletes from screen. To locate text on your drawing and replace with other text. To ungroup. Puts contents of clipboard in the design. Show Clipboard Group. Update Links. Insert Object. Copy puts a copy on the clipboard. Creates a Group by selecting elements with same level. Text Styles. Choose this and then click on an element. Line Style. If you edit information in this box and click Apply. To choose Tags. Attach text descriptors to graphics objects for later reporting.
Set text properties width. Change characteristics of Bezier curve tool only available in full MicroStation. See information about the element displayed. To attach cell library. Sets up definition of Multi-lines such as line style of each line. To setup custom line styles. Double click on the element to bring up a dialog box. Sets up dimensioning characteristics such as line style.
View Attributes. To choose Coordinate Readout. To setup for lighting. Format and precision for dimensions. To set up grids and turn grid lock on. To display levels and setup level names and symbols. To set snap modes. Where you change the color table.
Set up AccuDraw. To link to external databases. Set up working units for a drawing or model. To toggle aspects of what you see such as the grid. Full dialog box for all types of locks. To choose Working Units. For rotating. Turn them off but they come back automatically Manage.
Pre-saved groups of settings that are useful for a particular type of drafting. Color Table. To setup camera position.
Snap to the nearest logical point end point of line. Only the snaps that are available for the current tool will be displayed. As above. To origin of cell or text string. There is a great deal of overlap. To change mode. Procedure for snapping. Snap to the nearest entity or complex chain midpoint. The main snaps are keypoint. Bisector of entity. The mode can be overridden for one snap only if desired by clicking once.
Snap to the geometrically closest point. As above but starts at exactly the point chosen.
A line starting from another and perpendicular to it. To intersection of two elements. Settings menu: The active snap mode is indicated by the diamond on the menu. To see the maximum.. A line tangent to circle or arc. The snaps that will be shown on the Snaps menu depend on the current active drawing tool. Parallel to a line. Snap to the center of nearest object. Move pointer near the point to be snapped to. Press the left and right mouse buttons or the middle button of a 3 button mouse.
AccuSnap Settings. Press the data button to accept or right click to reject. Set the snap mode or method to what is desired. Your point will be snapped automatically. To turn AccuSnap on or off. Shows you the snap points automatically in keypoint mode. All you need do is move the pointer until the yellow x icon appears near the snap point.
Watch the large crosshair appear on the point. Primary Tools. Auxiliary Coordinates. Displays bar with graphic for color. Tools menu The more common tool boxes are listed when you click Tools from the main menu.
Adds to Primary tool bar: Displays or closes the attributes tool bar portion of Primary Tools. For attaching and detaching a database. To get to this tool bar. The main tool frame for tools to draw lines. Active in 3D. Only active for a file declared to be a 3D file. To see all the tool boxes. How to handle intersections. Tool Boxes. Manipulation of attached references.
Multi-line Joints. Lists all individual tool boxes. Since version V8. Render for shading a 3D model. Key-in allows you to key-in commands and distances rather than graphic selections. Utilities menu Here are a number of utilities that are useful.
Cell Selector is very useful for placing cells. The rest of this course is based on the way MicroStation PowerDraft installs. Can be assigned functions.
Button assignments. By default. To change the function of mouse or digitizer buttons. Change the center button to function as the snap button. You may not need to use options here. Workspace menu Allows you to select from a number of different options for your set up.
Go here if you have a three button mouse. Function Keys. For setting up user preferences. F1 is Help. From this point. Divide up the screen evenly between all views. To open or close any of the 8 views permitted per file. Takes up available screen space with open views. View 1 on top. Summary You are now able to open and create drawing files. This means that you can create elements that are a certain size.
You can also use key-in input to specify the exact location that you want an element to be placed. Whenever MicroStation PowerDraft calls for entry of coordinate data. There are two ways to key-in coordinate data from the keyboard: The format for this key-in is: Here are the steps you would follow to create this line: Unless you are working in a rotated view. The values for the X and Y coordinates should be specified in working units format.
The format for each of these key-ins is shown. So the coordinates you enter are always placed relative to the global origin. Place SmartLine 2. Here is how you might use these key-ins. You want to create a line that is 5 feet in length. You want to create a line with initial point at the global origin of the design plane. Select the Place SmartLine tool. Here is how you might use this key-in.
Here are the steps needed to create this line. Enter the origin point for the rectangle. This indicates that the end point for the line is 5 feet from the previous data point.
Key in the following to draw the rectangle: This key-in uses the view coordinate system. This indicates that you want the origin point of the line to be shifted three feet to the right of the current tentative point.
Valid angle values range from 0 to measured counterclockwise from positive x. Here you specify the distance and the angular direction of the next data point. Here are the steps needed to create this rectangle. Tentative snap to the right side of the existing element. They can be whole numbers or decimal values down to one ten-thousandth of a degree. You might do this by visually selecting a data point. You want to create a rectangle that is exactly two feet wide and three feet high.
Note the dialog box says x. Move the pointer so the line is horizontal. Move pointer using soft lock as in step 1. Note how the line highlights to indicate that it is horizontal.
This will open a coordinate dialog box showing X and Y coordinates. You do need to press Enter after entering the two coordinates.
Here you type the coordinate pair. Start a line anywhere. Type distance from known point and then enter a data point to set beginning of new line. Move pointer straight up and then type 3. A useful feature of AccuDraw is an enhancement of the previous keyin command.
Press the space bar to switch between xy mode and polar coordinate mode in AccuDraw. Enter a data point to set the line. Smart Lock will lock the direction in either X or Y. With input focus in the AccuDraw window. If you practice these steps you will find that AccuDraw is the easiest way to enter precise coordinates. As an example of how to operate AccuDraw. When drawing a line. We will work with AccuDraw more in later exercises. To start a line at a known distance from a point.
In the polar coordinate mode you enter distance and angle in the AccuDraw window. Vertical works the same way. AccuDraw will draw the line 5 units in the X direction.
The line is 3 units in the Y. Fit View to see the 4 x 4 inch rectangle. Stepped-Shaft You will use key-in of coordinate data to create the design file for the shaft as shown.
To place first rectangle with a corner at 0. If not enabled. Place Block Fit View 9. Working Units Category. Move the screen pointer to the right of the first point and type 4 without pressing Enter. Make sure the input focus is in the AccuDraw window. Select File then New. Coordinates will be displayed as 1.
Use your first name for the file name. Select Coordinate Readout. Select seed2D. Set up master working units of inches. Select Place Block. Then use Modify Element to extend the line to make the centerline as long as you like. Use AccuDraw to place the second rectangle. If not OK.
Select the line style options in the Attributes tool bar. If OK. Pan the view to the right to make room for the end-view circles. Remember the sequence for snapping. The AccuDraw compass should now be located at the lower right corner of the first rectangle.
Just enter a data point to accept the snap point. Draw the vertical line at the chamfer by snapping. Place the centerline by snapping to the center of the vertical edge of the rectangles.
This places the first point of the second rectangle. In this case. If AccuSnap is active. Reset to disconnect the line. Click anywhere in the view to accept.
MicroStation PowerDraft is asking you if it snapped to the right point. Usually it is best to put it right on a line near.
Select Construct Chamfer from the Modify tool box. Select the centerline style. Pan by using the scroll bars or using the Pan view control. Construct Chamfer tool 8. Click on the right hand vertical edge of 6 x 2 rectangle. Move the pointer to the right and type 6. Fit View to see the second. With AccuDraw having the input focus. Repeat on the lower right corner of the same rectangle.
The leader will be automatic. Select Dimension Element from the Main tool frame. Just click on the side to be dimensioned. Place center marks for circles. Summary Dimension Element Note the placement sequence: Identify the.
Reset to return to the beginning of the sequence. Dimension Size with Arrows Dimension Element Note the tool settings for different ways of dimensioning a circle.
Set text Height and Width to 0. Element and select Radius in the tool settings and enable Centermark. Move the pointer straight to the far right end and click to set the length. If you want a horizontal line on your leader. To draw the small circle representing the chamfer.
Add more dimensions: Draw the large circle similarly. Change the line style back to solid. Select Dimension Element.
Draw the circle representing the O. The easy way is to use Dimension. You have completed a medium complexity mechanical drawing including chamfering. We will go more deeply into dimensioning in a later chapter. Fences can be in one of six different modes. Lesson 8. Elements that lie inside or those that overlap any portion of the fence will be affected.
This chapter covers two different ways that you can create these temporary groups in MicroStation PowerDraft. This mode is similar to the Overlap mode. Place a fence by selecting the Fence tool.
Only one fence can exist in a design file at any time. It is important to realize that any element that is broken by a fence clip operation no longer maintains its original element properties.
So only the portions of the broken elements that lie inside the fence will be changed. Place Fence tool It is not an element and it is not saved as part of the design. The difference is that this mode will actually break overlapping elements at the points where they touch the fence.
You can set the fence mode when you create it. The three most common fence modes are: It too will affect elements that lie inside the fence or ones that overlap any portion of it. These modes determine which elements are considered to be fenced. There are three important things that you need to know about fences: A fence is a temporary structure that you can use to group elements.
Only elements that lie entirely inside the fence will be affected. Fences One way that you can group elements in a design file is to place a fence around them. Once a fence has been placed. To turn a fence off. This can be done by repeating the operation for each individual element. All of the circles will change color. Manipulate Fence Contents Essentially. Enter a data point in the view. Delete Fence Contents.
The three most common tools: Place Fence Place Fence. These data points will be the diagonal vertices of the fence. A data point anywhere in an open view will confirm this action and delete the contents of the fence.
Unlike the other tools. Select Place Fence from the Fence tool box. This same steps will change level. The Fence tool box You can use these tools to place. Remember that the current fence mode will determine which elements are deleted. Changing fence contents 1. When you activate this tool.
Use Fence: Enabled and set to Inside. When you select this tool. Its initial development was a result of Bentley Systems's experience developing PseudoStation released in , a program designed to replace the use of proprietary Intergraph graphic workstations to edit DGN files by substituting the much less expensive Tektronix compatible graphics terminals.
In , MicroStation 1. In , MicroStation 2. Almost two years later, MicroStation 3. Intergraph MicroStation 4. New capabilities included binary raster support, custom line styles, settings manager, and dimension driven design. Later versions were all branded Bentley. All platforms other than the PC used bit processors. In , Windows 95 was released. Bentley soon followed with a release of MicroStation for that operating system.
Figure 1 Next, enter your file name e. By default, MicroStation 3D seed will open 4 views top, front, right, and isometric. We can select additional views by clicking the buttons labeled at the bottom of the window Figure 2.
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In 3D modeling we have 3 axis: X, Y, and Z. Let us begin by creating a 3d solid. There are generally two ways to accomplish this. The Primitive Solid tools create basic solids with given parameters. The Solid by Extrusion tool is a bit more complex and will be discussed in detail later.