Milton Erickson Complete Works Hypnosis. Nlp - Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton Erickson Vol I. Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H Erickson Vol II. Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M.D. Vol. I Richard Bandler and John Grinder 1 We dedicate this book with the highest reverence to . MILTON H. ERICKSON & WILHELM REICH: The Art of 'Psychotherapy' Similarities and Differences (From the International Congress on Hypnosis and Family.
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The Wisdom of Milton H. Erickson was originally published by Irvington. Publishers, Inc. in This complete volume was first published in paperback in attend workshops led by Milton Erickson, this work will serve as an My first encounter with Milton Erickson was in or at a meeting of the Society. PDF | Disciples of Erickson are overaccentuating some aspects of his work and are thereby neglecting others. Current training predominantly.
The leaves, the branches look so complaints, no demands, but there were some requests for information about beautiful, that beautiful, rich color, you can really feel the author. After a fashion a satisfying conversation was had with him as was happy looking at a tomato seed, thinking about the judged by an increasing loss of his restlessness.
When it was suggested that he wonderful plant it contains asleep, resting, comfortable, cease walking around and sit in the chair used earlier, he did so readily and Joe. I'm soon going to leave for lunch and I'll be back looked expectantly at the author.
You know, Joe, I could talk to you some more about the tomato plant and if I did you would probably go to sle ep, in fact, a good sound sleep. The above is a summary to indicate the ease with which hypnotherapeutic suggestions can be included in the trance This opening statement has every earmark of being no more than a casual induc tion and trance maintenance suggestions which are commonplace utterance.
If the patient responds hypnotically, as Joe promptly important additionally as a vehicle for the transmission of did, all is well. If the patient does not respond, all you have said was just a therapy. Of particular significance is Joe's own request that commonplace remark, not at all noteworthy. Had Joe not gone into a trance the author "talk.
Moreover he learned about the tomato flower. You have seen movies of flowers slowly, slowly rapidly despite the absurdly amateurish rhapsody the author opening, giving one a sense of peace, a sense of comfort as you watch the offered about a tomato seed and plant. Joe had no real unfolding. So beautiful, so restful to watch. One can feel such infinite comfort interest in pointless endless remarks about a tomato plant.
This was what was uppermost in Joe's mind, foremost technique of trance induction and maintenance and the interspersal of in his emotional desires, and he would have a compelling therapeutic suggestions.
Another illustration will be given later in this paper.
That desired value was there, so spoken that Joe episodes of toxic behavior and several periods where the author deliberately could literally receive it without realizing it. Joe's arousal interrupted his work to judge more adequately the degree and amount of Joe's from the trance was only some minutes after the author had learning. Joe had no complaints, he did not phrases, "think Joe think" and "sleep so restfully, so seem to have distressing pain, and he seemed to be pleased and happy.
But what Joe wanted and needed was in that otherwise reassured that such had been given. This had been done most gently in meaningless narration, and he promptly accepted it. Upon arriving at Joe's I talked about a tomato plant then and it almost seems as if I could be home, he was told a rather regrettable but not actually unhappy talking about a tomato plant right now. It is so enjoyable to talk about a story. Joe had continued his excellent response after the author's seed, a plant.
Joe was most insistent on supervising the author's luncheon that day, which They made all the errors possible for uninformed amateurs with was a steak barbecued under Joe's watchful eye in the back yard beside the superstitious misconceptions of hypnosis. Their behavior swimming pool. It was a happy gathering of four people thoroughly enjoying infuriated Joe who knew that the author had done none of the being together, Joe being obviously most happy.
This was a fortunate realization After luncheon, Joe proudly displayed the innumerable plants, many of since it permitted Joe to keep all the benefits acquired from the them rare, that he had personally planted in the large back yard.
Joe's wife author without letting his hostilities toward hypnosis interfere. Nor After several days of annoyance, Joe left the hospital and went was this a pretense of interest, since the author is still interested in growing home, keeping one nurse in constant attendance, but her duties plants. Joe regarded this interest in common to be a bond of friendship. During the afternoon, Joe sat down voluntarily, his very manner making During that month at home he had actually gained weight evident that the author was free to do whatever he wished.
A long monologue by and strength. Rarely did a surge of pain occur and when it did it the author ensued in which were included psychotherapeutic suggestions of could be controlled either with aspirin or with 25 milligrams of continued ease, comfort, freedom from pain, enjoyment of family, good Demerol.
Joe was very happy to be with his family and there was appetite, and a continuing pleased interest in all surroundings. All of these and considerable fruitful activity about which the author is not fully other similar suggestions were interspersed unnoticeably among the author's informed. These covered a multitude of topics to preclude Joe from Joe's greeting to the author on the second visit was one of analyzing or recognizing the interspersing of suggestions.
Also, for adequate obvious pleasure. However, the author noted that Joe was disgu ise, the author needed a variety of topics. Whether or not such care was keeping a wary eye on him, hence, great care was taken to be needed in view of the good rapport is a debatable question, but the author completely casual and to avoid any hand movement that could be preferred to take no risks.
Joe was in much better physical condition than he had been a month previously. Framed pictures painted by a highly talented member of his When the author took his departure, Joe invited him to return again.
There was much casual Joe knew that the author was going on a lecture trip in late November and conversation about Joe's improvement and his weight gain and early December. Quite unexpected by the author, a long distance telephone call the author was repeatedly hard pushed to find simple replies to was received just before the author's departure on this trip.
The call was from conceal pertinent suggestions. Joe did volunteer to sit down and Joe's wife who stated, "Joe is on the extension line and wants to say 'hello' to let the author talk to him.
Although the author was wholly casual you, so listen. Joe had held the telephone in manner, the situation was thought to be difficult to handle mouthpiece over his tracheotomy tube and had exhaled forcibly twice to without arousing Joe's suspicions.
Perhaps this was an unfounded simulate "hello. Finally the wishes for the trip and a casual conversation of friends ensued with Joe's wife measure was employed of reminiscing about "our visit last reading Joe's written notes.
Finally, in his wife's words, "Joe died quietly utterances. This led to the question of how could the author himself produce a January Or could he use the incoherencies of a patient and life for any patient suffered from a fatal illness is most intersperse among them in a somewhat orderly fashion a fragmented questionable.
Joe's physical condition in October did not promise meaningful communication that would be difficult to recognize? This very much. The symptom amelioration, abatement and actual speculation gave rise to many hours of intense labor spent fitting into a patient's abolishment effected by hypnosis, and the freedom of Joe's body verbatim, apparently meaningless, utterances a meaningful message that could from potent medications, conducive only of unawareness, not be detected by the author's colleagues when no clue of any sort was given to unquestionably increaseed his span of life while at the same time them.
Previous efforts at producing original incoherencies by the author permitting an actual brief physical betterment in general. This disclosed a definite and recognizable personal pattern in dicating that the author was attested clearly by his improved condition at home and his was not sufficiently disturbed mentally to produce a bonafide stream of gain in weight.
That Joe lived until that latter part of January incoherent verbigerations. Out of this labor came the following business. To clarify still further this matter of the technique of the One of the more recently hired secretaries objected strongly to being interspersal of therapeutic suggestions among trance induction hypnotized. She suffered regularly upon the onset of menstruation from severe and trance maintenance suggestions, it might be well to report migrainous headaches lasting 3 to 4 or even more hours.
She had been the author's original experimental work done while he was on the examined repeatedly by the medical service with no helpful findings. She Research Service of the Worcester State Hospital in Worcester, usually retired to the lounge and "slept off the headache," a process usually Massachusetts, in the early 's. On one such occasion, she had been purposely rather The Research Service was concerned with the study of the insistently forced to take dictation by the author instead of being allowed to numerous problems of schizophrenia and the possibilities of retire to the lounge.
Rather resentfully she began her task but within 15 minutes solving some of them. To the author, the psychological she interrupted the author to explain that her headache was gone. She attributed manifestations were of paramount interest. For example, just this to her anger at being forced to take dictation.
Later, on another such what did a stream of disconnected, rapidly uttered incoherencies occasion, she volunteered to take certain dictation which all of the secretaries mean? Certainly, in some manner, such a stream of utterances tried to avoid because of the difficulties it presented.
Her headache grew worse must be most meaningful to the patient in some way. Competent and she decided that the happy instance with the author was merely a fortuitous secretaries from time to time had recorded verbatim various happenstance.
Subsequently she had another severe headache. She was again examples of such disturbed utterances for the author's perusal insistently requested by the author to take some dictation. The previous happy and study. The author himself managed to record adequately result occurred within ten minutes. Upon the occurrence of another headache, similar such productions by patients who spoke slowly. Careful she volunteered to take dictation from the author.
Again it served to relieve her study of these verbal productions, it was thought, might lead to headache. She then experimentally tested the benefits of dictation from other various specula tive ideas that, in turn, might prove of value in physicians.
For some unknown reason, her headaches only worsened. She understanding something about schizophrenia. She was told he had nothing on hand to dictate but that statement of the complaint was necessary and they then knew that the therapist he could redictate previously dictated material.
Her headache understood. Their intense desire for therapy was not only a conscious but an was relieved within 8 minutes. Later her request for dictation for unconscious desire also, as judged clinically, but more importantly, as headache relief was met by some routine dictation.
It failed to evidenced by the results obtained. One should also give recognition to the readiness with which one's She came again, not too hopefully since she thought she had unconscious mind picks up clues and information.
For example, one may "worn-out the dictation remedy. She was so elated and apparent reasons for such dislike for weeks, months, even a year or more. A to dictate "that successful dictation" to relieve her headaches. Always, a posthypnotic suggestion was casually realization of why.
Respectful awareness of the capacity of the patient's unconscious mind to She did not suspect, nor did anybody else, what had really perceive meaningfulness of the therapist's own unconscious behavior is a been done. The author had made comprehensive notes of the governing principle in psychotherapy. There should also be a ready and full incoherent verbigeration of a psychotic patient. He had also had respect for the patient's unconscious mind to perceive fully the intentionally various secretaries make verbatim records of patient's incoherent obscured meaningful therapeutic instructions offered them.
The clinical and utterances. He had then systematically interspersed therapeutic experimental material cited above is based upon the author's awareness that the suggestions among the incoherencies with that secretary in mind.
This was It was intended to publish this experimental work, of which only the author also a successful effort. As a control measure, routine dictation was aware.
But sober thought and awareness of the insecure status of hypnosis and the dictation of "undoctored incoherencies" were tried. Nor did the use by she did not mind losing her headaches by "taking dictation" from the author-all others of "doctored" material have an effect since it had to be suggested the inadvisability of publication.
The "headache secretary" suggested to this girl that she take dictation from the The question now arises, why did these two patients and author as a possible relief measure.
Most willingly the author obliged, using those patients used experimentally respond therapeutically? This "doctored" patient verbigeration. It was effective. They knew very well Concerned about what might happen to hypnotic research if his superiors why they were seeking therapy; they were desirous of benefiting; were to learn of what was taking place, the author carefully failed with this they came in a receptive state ready to respond at the first second secretary and then again succeeded.
She volunteered to be a hypnotic opportunity, except for the first experimental patient. But she subject and hypnosis, not "dictation," was then used to meet her personal needs.
Essentially, then, all of the patients were in a frame of other experimental studies. How many times does a patient need to Now that hypnosis has come to be an acceptable scientific modality of state his complaint? Only that number of times requisite for the investigative and therapeutic endeavor and there has developed a much greater therapist to understand.
Two case histories and a brief account of experimental work Now Erickson linkes these statements to behavior which he wants to elicit from are presented in detail to demonstrate the effective procedure of the client with the Implied Causative connective so in the sentence: The patients So I would like to have you take a seat in that easy chair as I talk to treated suffered respectively from neurotic manifestations and you.
The general form of this series, then is: We will now consider in more detail how Erickson constructs this interspersal technique and also extract more of his so I would like to have you take a seat in language patterns for inducing hypnosis and giving suggestions.
A, B, C, D, E, that easy chair as I talk to you A more basic induction will be presented later, for now we will examine Erickson's account of his experience with Joe for its Notice, in addition, that the last statement itself includes an Implied unique quality of having little co-operation on the part of the Causative which links an immediately verifiable statement to a piece of client other than trying to understand Erickson's speaking to him.
We will see how a story of a tomato plant can evolve into an effective and sorely needed series of suggestions for the relief of as I would like to have you take a seat in pain. I talk to you that easy chair Erickson begins by pacing the client's experiences. Describing what he knows to be true about the client, he also Next, note that the behavior which Erickson wishes to elicit from Joe is not picks a subject of interest to the client to get his attention.
This requested directly but rather that Erickson uses a conversational postulate, has more than just the advantage of getting the client to listen; it thereby avoiding the direct command take a seat in that easy chair as he says: Erickson wants the client to be able to. I would like to have you take a seat in that easy chair. He at one point even said to Joe: I'm going to say a lot of things to you but it won't be about flowers because you know more than I do about It is so pleasing just to be able to think about a plant as if flowers.
Here Erickson uses a series of patterns: Joe's affection for plants will make it easier for Joe to select his. A lot of things. No referential index on things.
Here Erickson begins with a series of pacing statements: It won't be about flowers No referential index on it. Erickson about. Lack of referential index. In addition, Erickson uses a meta-communication communication about communication technique closely.
Here Erickson comments directly about. Nominalization with accompanying his intended communication with Joe. He says that he is going deletions and lack of referential to talk to Joe but not about flowers. As the communication indices. Nominalization with accompanying Now as I talk and I can do so comfortably, I wish that comfort.
Unspecified verbs. Cause-Effect link. Selectional restriction violation me comfortably. I wish that you will. Use of ungrammatical In addition, here Erickson's earlier meta-communication That little seed, Joe, slowly swells, sends out a little rootlet with cilia That is an odd thing to talk about.
It makes one curious. Now you may not know what cilia are, but cilia are things that Why talk about a tomato plant? One puts a tomato seed work to help the tomato seed grow, to push up above the ground as a in the ground.
One can feel hope that it will grow into a sprouting plant, and you can listen to me Joe so I will keep on talking tomato plant that will bring satisfaction by the fruit it and you can keep on listening, wondering, just wondering what you can has.
Basic Trance Induction with Commentary. Presupposition that Joe has This now should begin to give you an idea of the level of complexity of been listening. Erickson's ability to utilize language in this complex way is the result of. However, although Erickson himself can generate. As Erickson has stated: Links - simple conjunctions, language I use with my patients. In reading this book, I learned as. Implied Causatives. Conversational postulates. The induction that follows was taped in the author's Grinder presence, and you can really learn.
You cannot see it legs?
Will you uncross your legs a the stem, those hairs are on the leaves too like the cilia on conversational postulate , as the roots, they must make the tomato plant feel very described previously is a question form good,.
At the same 12 Really don't even need to Use of words even and really, time "and" connects this pay attention to me remainder of communication statement in a casual way to presupposed. Ungrammatical sentence, all that has preceded. While more likely with no pause, allowing responding to all the above to some client to respond degree, Erickson's phrasing of this overtly. Marking in such a this difficulty - thus, age way that tonally implies "do it.
In the use of hypnosis in medical or dental contexts, the doctor must assist each client in achieving an altered state of consciousness Huxley into the Nature and which will allow him to experience the world in a way radically different from Character of Various States of that of his normal state of consciousness, in order that otherwise difficult surgical procedures may proceed and the patient be properly cared for. Common Consciousness, with Commentary to each of these contexts is the client's increased ability to control portions of his experience normally represented as outside his control e.
The brought into the office; it constitutes the client, with the assistance of the hypnotist, literally achieves domination over personal environment within which the therapy portions of his nervous system usually considered beyond conscious control - he must take effect; it may constitute the dominant can succeed in gaining phenomenal command over the ongoing process of his force in the local patient-doctor relationship.
Since whatever the patient brings into the One of the most highly valued skills in western European culture is the office is in some way both part of him and part experience which we call creativity or the creative act.
Although there is little of his problem, the patient should be viewed agreement about the nature of this experience, the investigators of creativity, with a sympathetic eye appraising the totality typically, have characterized it as a state of altered consciousness. In studies of which confronts the therapist. Erickson, The Use of mentators as well as the mathematicians themselves have noticed that their Symptoms as an Integral Part of discoveries and inventions often come to them in the form of dreams, of sudden Hypnotherapy insights into the solution to a problem which they are not working on consciously.
He has consistently urged over the years of recognized as one of the most creative individuals in recent western European his continuing research into the nature of hypnosis and the history.
In this context, we see Erickson's systematic behavior in assisting working of the human mind in altered states of consciousness, Huxley to achieve altered states of consciousness with a sensitivity to Huxley's that hypnotists, psychotherapists, medical doctors and dentists powerful creative resources.
The principles of communication which allow develop a refined ability to identify and meet the special needs Erickson to act so effectively in a psychotherapeutic encounter occur with and requirements which their clients bring with them to the clarity in this special situation in which the impressive resources of a highly specific context. Erickson realizes that full communication creative individual are being explored with him. It is in this article, perhaps, that between two people at both the conscious and the unconscious the potential which hypnosis offers as a tool both for research into highly levels can occur when there is a sensitivity to the other person's valued altered states of consciousness and for the exploration of extending the model of the world.
In the therapeutic context, for example, the limits of human experience displays itself most clearly. Not only are Erickson's therapist assumes the responsibility of both making contact and potent techniques available as a technique to assist in the changing of portions assisting the client to learn the skills of communication necessary of an individual's normal model of the world in a way which is narrowly to allow any change in his behavior which he needs.
Often this therapeutic or medically or dentally useful, but they also provide a complete may require that the therapist be skilled in teaching the client to approach to the mapping of portions of human potential not normally develop a new way of representing his experience - literally experienced - portions of human potential which we may call creative acts. Our plan was to leave these notebooks with Huxley since his Introduction phenomenal memory, often appearing to be total recall, and his superior Over a period of nearly a year much time was spent by Aldous literary ability would permit a more satisfactory writing of a joint article Huxley and by the author, each planning separately for a joint inquiry based upon our discussions and experimentations of that day's work.
Special inquiries, possible However, I did abstract from my notebook certain pages bearing notations methods of experimental approach and investigations and various upon Huxley's behavior at times when he, as an experimental subject, was questions to be propounded were listed by each of us in our respective unable to make comprehensive notations on himself, although post- loose-leaf notebooks. The purpose was to prepare a general background experimentally he could and did do so, though less completely than I had.
It for the proposed joint study with this general background reflecting the was proposed that, from these certain special pages, I was to endeavor to thinking of both of us uninfluenced by the other.
It was hoped in this way develop an article which could be incorporated later in the longer study that to secure the widest possible coverage of ideas by such separate outlines Huxley was to write. Accordingly, I abstracted a certain number of pages prepared from the markedly different backgrounds of understanding that intending to secure still more at a later date.
These pages that I did remove the two of us possessed. Huxley rapidly copied into his own notebook to be sure of the completeness Early in we met in Huxley's home in Los Angeles, there to of his own data.
I was particularly interested in Huxle y's approach to manuscripts, besides numerous other treasures to say nothing of the psychological problems, his method of thinking and his own unique use manuscripts upon which Huxley was currently working as well as the respective notebooks of our special joint of his unconscious mind which we had discussed only briefly sometime study. As a result, the entire subject matter of our project was previously. Huxley was particularly interested in hypnosis and previous dropped as a topic too painful to discuss, but Huxley's recent death led to exceedingly brief work with him had demonstrated his excellent my perusal of these relatively few pages I had abstracted from my notebook.
Examination of them suggested the possibility of presenting to the reader a It was realized that this meeting would be a preliminary or pilot small but informative part of that day's work.
I n this regard, the reader must study, and this was discussed by both of us. Hence we planned to make it bear in mind that the quotations attributed to Huxley are not necessarily as comprehensive and inclusive as possible without undue emphasis upon verbatim, since his more extensive utterances were noted in abbreviated completion of anyone particular item.
Once the day's work had been form. However, in the essence of their meaning, they are correct and they evaluated, plans could then be made for future meetings and specific are expressive of Huxley as I knew him. It is also to be borne in mind that studies. Additionally, we each had our individual purposes, Aldous Huxley had read my notations on the occasion of our joint study and had having in mind future literary work, while my interest related to future approved them.
The day's work began at 8: On the The purpose was to insure that we were both in accord or clear in our whole we found that our notebooks were reasonably in agreement but divergences of understanding, thus to make possible a more reliable that naturally certain of our entries were reflective of our special interests inquiry into the subject matter of our interest. Later that day she had inquired about the time of arrival of Deep Reflection as one marked by physical relaxation with bowed head the special delivery letter only to learn that he had obviously no recollection and closed eyes, a profound progressive psychological withdrawal from of receiving any letter.
Yet both knew that the mailman had undoubtedly externalities but without any actual loss of physical realities nor any rung the doorbell, that Huxley had heard the bell, had interrupted whatever amnesias or loss of orientation, a "setting aside" of everything not he was doing, had gone to the door, opened it, received the letter, closed the pertinent, and then a state of complete mental absorption in matters of door, placed the letter in its proper place and returned to the chair where she interest to him.
Yet, in that state of complete withdrawal and mental had found him. He replace a dulled one to make "automatically" notations on his thoughts recalled them only as incidents related to him by his wife but with no feeling and to do all this without a recognizable realization on his part of what that those accounts constituted a description of actual meaningful physical physical act he was performing.
It was as if the physical act were "not an behavior on his part. So far as he knew, he could only deduce that he must integral part of my thinking.
It is associated but completely been completely "automatic, like a machine moving precisely and peripheral activity. I might say activity barely contiguous to the accurately. It is a delightful pleasure to see him get a book out of the periphery. He recalled having been in a state of Deep Reflection read a little, and then lay the book and glass aside.
Then some time later, one day when his wife was shopping. He did not recall what thoughts or maybe a few days, he will notice the book and ask about it.
The man just ideas he was examining but he did recall that, when his wife returned that never remembers what he does nor what he thinks about when he sits in that day, she had asked him if he had made a note of the special message she chair. All of a sudden, you just find him in his study working very hard. He had been bewildered by her I n other words, while in a state of Deep Reflection and seemingly inquiry, could not recall anything about answering the telephone as his totally withdrawn from external realities, the integrity of the task being done wife asserted, but together they found the special message recorded on a in that mental state was touched by external stimuli, but some peripheral pad beside the telephone which was placed within comfortable reaching part of awareness made it possible for him to receive external stimuli, to distance from the chair in which he liked to develop Deep Reflection.
Deep Reflection at the time of the telephone call, had lifted the receiver Inquiry of his wife later had disclosed that when she was at home, Aldous in and had said to her as usual, "I say there, hello," had listened to the a state of Deep Reflection paid no attention to the telephone which might be message, had recorded it, all without any subsequent recollections of the beside him or the doorbell.
He recalled merely that he had been working on a manuscript call out to him that I'll be away and he never fails to hear the telephone or that afternoon, one that had been absorbing all of his interest. He the doorbell. Just what he meant and sensed he understanding that he would respond to any "significant stimulus. This was his final He entered the state of reflection readily and, after a brief wait, I tapped the explanation. He had never considered any analysis of exactly what his table with a pencil in varying fashions at distinct but irregular intervals.
It was once, paused, tapped four times in rapid succession, paused, then five times promptly learned that, as he began to absorb himself in his thoughts to in rapid succession. Numerous variations were tried but with an avoidance of achieve a state of Deep Reflection, he did indeed "cast off all anchors" the agreed-upon signal.
A chair was knocked over with a crash while four and appeared to be completely out of touch with everything. On this taps were given. Not until the specified three taps were given did he make attempt to experience subjectively and to remember the processes of any response. His arousal occurred slowly with an almost immediate entering into Deep Reflection, he developed the state within five minutes response to the signal. Huxley was questioned about his subjective and emerged from it within two as closely as I could determine.
His experiences. He explained simply that they had been the same as previously comment was, "I say, I'm deucedly sorry. I suddenly found myself all with one exception, namely that several times he had a vague sensation that prepared to work with nothing to do and I realized I had better come out "something was coming," but he knew not what.
He had no awareness of of it. For the next attempt, a what had been done. Huxley sat Huxley is already quite experienced in the ability to enter and leave quietly for some minutes and the agreed-upon signal was given.
Huxley's altered states of consciousness. Notice that in the discussion of the state account was, "I found myself just waiting for something. It was just a 'something' that I seemed to feel would come in what his experience of normal state of conscious ness from this special state with seemed to be a timeless, spaceless void. I say, that's the first time I noted descriptions such as: Always I've had some thinking to do. But this time I seemed to have no work in hand.
I was just completely disinterested, indifferent, As if the physical act were not an integral part of my just waiting for something and then I felt a need to come out of it.
I say, thinking. Inquiry disclosed that he had no apparent memory of the stimulus being given. He had had only the "feeling" that it was time to "come out of it. A sense of timeless, no feeling. Huxley summarized his findings briefly as "a total absence of everything on the way there and Simply cast aside all anchors. If you examine the normal-state Milton Erickson, Utilization Techniques, descriptions by Huxley of his normal-state experience of the world p.
In enactment technique. In an enactment the client is asked to recall in its other words, Huxley's most highly valued representational system is entirety the kinesthetic, visual, auditory, and other sensations which are kinesthetic.
Since the kinesthetic representational system is Huxley's connected with some experience which is the basis of a block to desired most highly valued one, the altered state of consciousness - Deep growth and change in his behavior.
In this way the past is made present and Reflection - is characterized as differing from the primary by a reduction the client, by reexperiencing this event, comes to have new choices in his or absence of body sensations. First Huxley's wife states that Note that Huxley's choice of a particular physical location "that chair" "The man Huxley just never remembers.
Erickson systematically selects cues or signals from the client's states, in re-entering that state is through a full recall of their experience most highly valued representational system to assist the client in entering or at the time when they achieved that altered state of consciousness. For ex reentering trance states. Thus, while the kinesthetic cues are quite effective ample, it is a standard Erickson technique to have the client who with Huxley, with a highly visual client a fantasized image of some wishes to re-enter a trance state to re-create the experience which he had experience would he more appropriate.
Huxley, who has trained himself to enter Deep Reflection rapidly, uses one of the most powerful of these recall Another variation of the rehearsal technique is that of techniques - kinesthetic recall. In other words, by seating himself in "that having the subject visualize himself carrying out some chair," he accelerates his process of entering an altered state of hypnotic task and then adding to the visualization other consciousness as in that chair he had repeatedly entered that state, and forms of imagery such as auditory, kinesthetic, etc.
The He, thereby, uses the person's most highly developed representational recovery of re-experiencing of kinesthetic sensations associated with system to lead and gain access to the other representational systems former altered states of consciousness is one of a set of techniques which available. Erickson characteristically employs to insure satisfactory future trances. Second, Erickson arranges an "arousal" signal with Huxley without informing him of his full intentions. Here Erickson is demonstrating several The procedure is to get the subject to recall from the important points.
He chooses a signal which is in a different modality beginning in a reasonably orderly, detailed manner the auditory from Huxley's most highly valued representational system events of a previous successful hypnotic trance. As the kinesthetic. Erickson typically arranges signals or cues for post-hypnotic subject does this, repetitions of his statements are behavior in modalities other than the other person's most highly valued offered and helpful questions are asked.
As he becomes representational system. This allows him to bypass the modality and absorbed in this task, the subject revivifies the previous representational system most frequently connected with conscious mind trance state, usually regressing subjectively to that activity and to communicate more directly with the unconscious portions of previous situation and developing a special rapport with the person's mind.
Erickson then proceeds to test the effectiveness of the cue the operator. His subjective report was simply that he had "lost" himself in a "sea of Huxley's ability not to respond to these auditory signals demonstrates the color," of "sensing," "feeling," "being" color, of being "quite utterly involved depth of Deep Reflection. Erickson, in arranging the cue for arousal with in it with no identity of your own, you know. The way in which Huxley is to respond or not to respond been given.
This is an administered. Neither was there an absent-minded looking at nor rubbing of excellent example of Erickson's consistent pattern of limit ing the person the backs of his hands. By making a positive suggestion about a specific signal, added, as he seemed to be reaching the state of Deep Reflection, a repeated, Erickson allows Huxley maximum freedom to respond or not as he insistent urging that, upon arousal, he discuss a certain book which was Huxley decides.
The results were comparable to the preceding In trance induction, the inexperienced hypnotist often findings. He became tries to direct or bend the subject's behavior to fit his "lost,". There describe it,". Utterly extraordinary, most extraordinary. He remembered the agreed-upon signal but did not know if it had Induction, p. He found himself only in a position of assuming that it had been given since he was again in a state of ordinary awareness.
The presence of In this way Erickson makes use of the full resources which the person he the book meant nothing to him. One added statement was that entering a is working with has available. Further experimentation was done in which he was asked to enter Deep Reflection and to sense color, a prearranged signal for arousing In this portion of the article Erickson is presenting an impor tant being that of a handshake of his right hand.
He complied readily and description of the process of assisting Huxley in shifting to a when I judged that he was fully absorbed in his state of reflection, I shook representational system other than the one primarily associated with his his left hand vigorously, then followed this with a hard pinching of the normal state of awareness - in this case, visual.
The experience of color, back of both hands that left deep fingernail markings. Huxley made no which Erickson requests Huxley "sense" as he re-enters Deep Reflection, is response to th is physical stimulation, although his eyes were watched for an experience which is usually based on a visual representational system.
However, after about a minute he language and his principle of allowing the person he is working with slowly drew his arms back along the arms of the chair where he had maximum freedom to respond. Erickson states, ". They moved slowly Reflection and to sense color. Huxley, in fact, responds creatively with expressions such as: Lost himself in a "sea of color".
Nor did he recall speaking alo ud nor Of sensing, feeling being color. When shown these, he found that they were so poorly written that they could not be read. I read mine to him without eliciting any An endless vista of color that is soft and gentle and yielding.
Here Huxley's choice of predicates in these descriptions shows that he is Huxley's choice of predicates while in Deep Reflection reveal a in a transition state between his primary representational system - complete shift to the visual representational system: Again, by allowing Huxley a maximum flexibility in having this experience, Erickson uses Huxley's resources more fully than I must look.
Huxley is here, by his use of mixed predicates, demonstrating a phenomenon often In Erickson's inductions as well as in our own trance induction work, we associated with creative activity - synesthesia, cross modality notice a consistent pattern of the emergence of the visual representational experiences.
That these neural circuits are, in fact, available as the basis system as primary as the client achieves more and more depth of hypnosis.
One of the ways in which the two cerebral hemispheres of humans differ is As a final inquiry, Huxley was asked to enter the reflection state for in their language and visual functions. In general, the hemisphere which has the purpose of recalling the telephone call and the special-delivery letter the language faculty is less developed with respect to making visual incidents.
His comment was that such a project should be "quite fruitful. Despite repeated efforts, he would "come out of it" explaining, "There I Each side of the brain is able to perform and chooses to found myself without anything to do so I came out of it. In considering the nature associated with her and not with any inner feelings of experience on h is of the two sets of functions, it appears that they may be part. The right non-language, in most of A final effort was made to discover whether or not Huxley could the population hemisphere synthesizes over space.
The left include another person in his state of Deep Reflection. This idea language, in most of the population analyzes over time. This he did in a most exclusion of conceptual similarities. The left hemisphere intriguing fashion. As the reflection state developed, Huxley, in an utterly does the opposite. The right hemisphere perceives form, the detached, dissociated fashion, began making fragmentary remarks, left hemisphere, detail.
The right hemisphere codes sensory chiefly in the form of self-addressed comments. Thus he would say, input in terms of images, the left hemisphere in terms of making fragmentary notes with a pencil and paper quickly supplied to linguistic descriptions. This descrip tion of hemispheric him, "most extraordinary.
I overlooked that. Strange I behavior suggests that the Gestalt Laws of Perceptual should have forgotten that making a notation. I must look. This principle of.
When I he equally well to the right limbs of the body; functioning of the right hand or leg, and other organs on that side, is controlled by the left half of the brain. Gardiner, , The Shattered Mind, p. If, when Erickson refers to "the unconscious part of the mind," he is referring to the mute or non-dominant hemisphere, then the pattern of emergence of the visual representational system which we have noted in Erickson's work as well as our own is understandable.
There are several other patterns which we have noticed in our work which support this interpretation. First, in doing double inductions trance inductions in which each of the authors is speaking to the client simultaneously , the style of speech which each of us uses varies by the ear into which we are speaking.
Specifically, if John is speaking into the ear which transmits information to the languge hemisphere, he will speak in a style of syntax which is complex, using ambiguity, for example, as a key technique, while Richard speaks to the mute hemisphere in a style of syntax which is maximally simple - a style of syntax which is not well-formed adult English but is well-formed baby English.
We discuss this in more detail later. Double trance inductions are more rapid and the depth of trance more profound when we make this hemispheric distinction than when we do not. Secondly, one of the more reliable indications that a client is entering a satisfactory state of trance is the coordinated appearance of movements of the side of the body controlled by the non-dominant hemisphere. Third, in the course of our therapeutic work, we have developed a number of techniques to assist clients in rapidly developing representational systems other than their most highly valued one.
Many times, in the course of teaching a client who has a most highly valued representational system other than visual, we have noticed the client making a distinction between "imaging a pic ture" and "seeing a picture.
In every understandings, the memories seep into the work I'm planning to do without case to date, the experience of "imaging a picture" has associated with it a my conscious awareness of them. Apparently, the first case is one in I was completely absorbed.
I say, no wonder I have an amnesia. Thus, one way which we have developed about the physical stimuli and for which he had no memory of any sort. He to assist the client in coming to have the ability to visualize vividly is to knew that he had gone into Deep Reflection repeatedly at my request, had teach him to shut down his internal verbal dia logue.
Very often his first been both pleased and amazed at his subjective feelings of being lost in an experiences with shutting down his internal dialogue leads to what all-absorbing sea of color, had sensed a certain timelessness, spacelessness appears to us to be trance behavior.
He reread my notations repeatedly in an endeavor to develop some effective use of melodies as part of his induction. Melodies are stored in kind of a feeling of at least a vague memory of subjective awareness of the the non-dominant hemisphere. He also looked at the backs of his Fifth, in the context of therapy one of the most effective techniques hands to see the pinch marks but they had vanished. His final comment was, of assisting a client in changing his model of the world is the Guided ".
Next, and constituted a form of preparation for absorbing himself in his writ ing and in again in the therapeutic context, specifically when working with what way it caused him to lose unnecessary contact with reality were all polarities - polarities are the expression of two conflicting models of problems of much interest to him. He asked permission to be polarities is using a visual representational system and the other either a allowed to interrupt his trance states at will for purposes of discussion.
This kinesthetic or an auditory representational system. Finally, we have observed that clients executing post-hypnotic He asked that first a light trance be induced, perhaps repeatedly, to suggestions often shift the predicates which they normally use to visual permit an exploration of his subjective experiences. Since he had briefly been predicates as they re-enter the trance state to execute the post-hypnotie a somnambulistic subject previously, he was carefully assured that this fact suggestions.
He did not recognize this as a simple, direct hypnotic A repetition yielded similar results with one exception. This was an suggestion. In reading my notebook later I was much amused at how easily amazed expression of complete astonishment by Huxley suddenly he had accepted an obvious suggestion without recognizing its character at declaring, "I say, Milton, this is quite utterly amazing, most the time.
I use Deep Reflection to summon my memories, to put into He found several repetitions of the light trance interesting but "too order all of my thinking, to explore the range, the extent of my mental easily conceptualized. Similar results have been obtained with other highly intelligent sensations.
Externalities become increasingly fainter and more obscure, subjects. In In experimenting with medium deep trances, Huxley, like other subjects this state of balance, he had the feeling that, with motivation, he could with whom I have worked, experienced much more difficulty in reacting to "reach out and seize upon reality," that there is a definite retention of a and maintaining a fairly constant trance level.
He found that he had a grasp upon external reality but with no motivation to deal with it. Neither subjective need to go deeper in the trance and an intellectual need to stay at did he feel a desire to deepen the trance.
No particular change in this state the medium level. The result was that he found himself repeatedly "reaching of balance seemed necessary and he noted that a feeling of contentment out for awareness" of his environment and this would initiate a light trance. He wondered if others experienced the He would then direct his attention to subjective comfort and find himself same subjective reactions. Finally, after repeated experiments, he was given Huxley requested that the light trance be induced by a great variety of both post-hypnotic and direct hypnotic suggestion to remain in a medium techniques, some of them non-verbal.
The results in each instance, deep trance. This he found he could do with very little concern then. He Huxley felt strongly, were dependent entirely upon his mental set.
He described the medium trance as primarily characterized by a most pleasing found that he could accept "drifting along" my phrase in a light trance, subjective sense of comfort and a vague, dim, faulty awareness that there was receptive of suggestions involving primarily responses at a subjective an external reality for which he felt a need for considerable motivation to be level only. He found that an effort to behave in a direct relationship to the able to examine it.
However, if he attempted to examine even a single item of physical environment taxed his efforts and made him desire either to reality for its intrinsic value, the trance would immediately become arouse from the trance or to go still deeper.
He also, on his own initiative, increasingly lighter. On the other hand, when he examined an item of set up his own problems to test his trance states. Thus, before entering the external reality for subjective values, for example, the soft comfort of the light trance he would privately resolve to discuss a certain topic, relevant chair cushions as contrasted to the intrinsic quiet of the room, the trance or irrelevant, with me at the earliest possible time or even at a fairly became deeper.
But both light and deep trances were characterized by a need remote time. I n such instances, Huxley found such unexpressed desires to sense external reality in some manner, not necessarily clearly but deleterious to the maintenance of the trance. Similarly, any effort to nevertheless to retain some recognizable awareness of it.
At all times there persisted a "dim but ready" awareness that one This same experiment has been done with other good subjects and also with could alter the state of awareness at will.
Huxley, like others with whom I subjects who consistently developed only a light trance and with those who have done similar studies, felt an intense desire to explore his sense of consistently did not seem to be able to go further than the medium trance. In subjective comfort and satisfaction but immediately realized that this all such studies, the findings were the same, the most important seeming to would lead to a deeper trance state. This had the effect of making subject.
Discussion of this and repeated experimentation disclosed that that the phenomena of deep hypnosis can be developed in both the light and carefully worded suggestions serving to emphasize the availability of the medium trance. Huxley, having observed deep hypnosis, wondered about external reality and to enhance subjective comfort could serve to deepen the possibility of developing hallucinatory phenomena in the light trance.
Hence he deliberately comfort and adding to it an additional subjective quality, namely, a decided to visualize a flower but the thought occurred to him that, even as a pleasant gustatory sensation. He found it quite easy to hallucinate vividly sense of movement played a part in auditory hallucinations, he might employ various taste sensations while wondering vaguely what I would think if I a similar measure to develop a visual hallucination.
At the moment, so he knew what he was doing. He was not aware of his increased swallowing recalled after arousing from the trance and while discussing his experience, when he did this. From gustatory sensations he branched out to olfactory he wondered if I had ever built up hallucinations in my subjects by hallucinations both pleasant and unpleasant.
He did not realize that he combining various sensory fields of experience. I told him that that was a betrayed this by the flaring of his nostrils.
His thinking at the time, so he standard procedure for me. Very shortly the object became be external to the body. From olfactory hallucinations he progressed to increasingly more visible until he saw a giant rose, possibly three feet in kinesthetic, proprioceptive and, finally, tactile sensations. In the diameter. This he did not expect and thus he was certain at once that it was kinesthetic hallucinatory sensation experience he hallucinated taking a not a vivified memory but a satisfactory hallucination.
With this realization long walk but remaining constantly aware that I was present in some came the realization that he might very well add to the hallucination by vaguely sensed room. Momentarily he would forget about me and his adding olfactory hallucinations of an intense "unroselike" sickeningly sweet hallucinated walking would become most vivid. Advanced techniques of hypnosis and therapy: Selected papers of Milton H.
Erickson, M. Jung, C. Psychologie und Alchimie. Psicologia e Alchimia, Torino: Boringhieri Editore. Neurophysiologie und Psychiatrie: Kierkegaard, S. Opere, Firenze: Sansoni Editore. Lotman, J. Decorativnoe Iskustvo, 8 Reich, W. Early Writings. McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. Reich W. Character Analysis. Orgone Institute Press. Reich, The function of the Orgasm, New York: Ripetti Pacchini, D.
Giornale storico di Psicologia Dinamica, Rossi, E. The collected papers of Milton Erickson on hypnosis and suggestion. Stern, C. The Ericksonian Approach in Perspective". Ericksonian Psychotherapy. Jeffrey K. Zeig Ed. Erickson - Ed. L'Antologia, Napoli Download pdf. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account?