The fundamentals of ethics I Russ Shafer-Landau.- 2nd ed. p. em. Includes bibliographical references (p.) and index. ISBN (main edition) 1. The Fundamentals of Ethics (Russ Shafer-Landau) Julia Driver Ethics the Fundamentals Fundamentals of Philosophy (1) 2. Russ Shafer-Landau Oxford Studies in Metaethics IV. In the choice of what have seemed to me to be the fundamentals of ethics, it has been necessary to reduce to a minimum the psychological and sociological.
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In The Fundamentals of Ethics, Third Edition, author Russ Shafer-Landau employs a uniquely engaging writing style to introduce students to. Read pdf Free eBook The Fundamentals of Ethics By Russ Shafer-Landau Full PDF #kindle medical-site.info?book= Introduction -- Part I: The good life -- Hedonism: its powerful appeal -- Is happiness all that matters? -- Getting what you want -- Problems for the.
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Configure custom resolver. How Not to Test for Philosophical Expertise. Regina A. Rini - - Synthese 2: Evilism, Moral Rationalism, and Reasons Internalism. Reasons as the Unity Among the Varieties of Goodness. Richard Rowland - - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 3: Software Piracy in Research: A Moral Analysis. Karen Schrier - - Journal of Moral Education 44 4: Feminist Ethical Theory. Morality and the Good Life: Robert C.
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Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. The first which is that area of ethics concerned With identifying what is valuable in its own right, and explaining the nature 0; well—being.
We ask, for instance, about whether happiness is the be-all an end—all of a good life, the only thing desirable for its own sake. Who counts—are animals, ecosysterrtisi or fetuses morally important in their own right? Is there a funtiiamen a1 moral rule, such as the golden rule, that can justify all of our speCi c mira duties? What role do virtue, self-interest, and justice play in mo? These are among the most important questions taken up in normative elthics.
We all have views about what is right an 1 good. Are these just matters of taste?
Is moral authority basedhon icrsop: Social customs? Or none of t e a -ov:. These are the questions that we Wi a e p in the last section of the book. Introduction 3 There is no shortage of folks offering advice about these questions. The self—help industry has its gurus, motivational speakers, and best sell— ers, each aimed at guiding us on the path to a good life. Political pundits, religious leaders, and editorial writers are more than happy to offer us their blueprints for righteous living.
It would be nice to have a way to sort out the decent advice from the rest. It is perfectly natural to want a clear method for distinguishing correct from incorrect answers about the good life and our moral duty.
I abandoned philosophy for a few years, and even dropped out of college for a while. After I returned, I went looking for it again. Ethics is hard. While we might yearn for clarity and simplicity, this wish for easy answers is bound to be repeatedly frustrated.
Skepticism about Ethics When people learn of the difficulties that face each important attempt to solve ethical puzzles, they often give in to skepticism.
The major tempta— tion is to regard the entire enterprise as bankrupt, or to think that all ethi— cal Views are equally plausible. Doubts about morality are plentiful, and it would be silly to ignore them in a book that is so focused on trying to improve our moral under— standing. Chapters 19, 20, and 21 are entirely devoted to such doubts; those who feel them acutely might do best to start with those chapters, and then work your way to the other parts.
For now, let me say just a few things to the doubters. Perhaps the most important is this: There are lots of problems with such views. Some of these problems may be devastating. We must follow the arguments where they leha.
They may indeed lead us ultimately to embrace such positions. In my experience, most of those who harbor serious doubts about morality base their skeptrctsm on one or more of the following considerations: If there were some objective truth in ethics, then we should expect all really smart people to agree on it.
They don t. B There are universally correct moral standards only if God eXists.
And thats because not mg 11 is ri ht or Wron. D lfthre wire a univerial ethic, then that would make it okay for some people to impose their own views on others.
But thats not okay at all. Therefore there is no universal ethic. E If there were objective moral rules, then it would always be wrong to break them. But every rule admits of exceptions; no moral rule is absolute. That shows that we do make up the moral rules after all. This is going to sound like cheating, but here goes: Still, there is a lesson here: Introduction 5 what is good and right. Doing moral philosophy can help with this. Look at it this way.
Lots of people believe that when it comes to art, beauty is in the eye of the beholder—w there are no objective, universal stan— dards of good taste. And suppose that morality is just like art in this respect.
Still, our tastes can be educated and improved. Many people are much wiser than I am about music and painting, for instance. Even if there are no universal standards of good taste, it would be silly of me to pass up a chance to talk with them. Why should I dismiss their opinions and refuse to hear them out?
Maybe I could learn a thing or two. Especially when so much is at stake—the very quality of our life and our relations with oth— ers—it would be terrible to close our minds to new and challenging ideas. Those who have thought so hard about the central questions of existence may well have something to teach us. I encourage you to resist the diagnosis that in ethics, anything goes.