The New Official K53 Manual is a comprehensive and effective guide to INCLUDES THE LATEST INFORMATION Learners Licence: Rules of the Road. The Safeways K53 Learners and Drivers Manual has been designed with you in mind. It's so easy to use. Each section, from road traffic signs to rules of the road. download The Official K53 Learner's and Driver's Made Easy (Latest Edition), This well-presented, user-friendly book combines all the elements needed to.
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Pump or crank the jack to lift the tire off the ground.
You need to lift it high enough to remove the flat tire and replace it with a spare. As you lift, make sure that the car is stable. If you notice any instability, lower the jack and fix the problem before fully lifting the car. If you notice the jack lifting at an angle or leaning, lower and reposition it so that it can lift straight up. Remove the nuts the rest of the way. Turn them counter clockwise until they are loose.
Repeat with all lug nuts, then remove the nuts completely. Remove the tire. Place the flat tire under the vehicle so in the event of a jack failure the vehicle will fall on the old wheel, hopefully preventing injury.
If the jack is placed on a flat, solid base, you shouldn't have any problems. Place the spare tire on the hub. Take care to align the rim of the spare tire with the wheel bolts, then put on the lug nuts. Tighten the nuts by hand until they are all snug. They should turn easily at first. Lower the car without applying full weight on the tire. Tighten the nuts as much as possible. Lower the car to the ground fully and remove the jack.
Finish tightening the nuts and replace the hubcap. Put the old tire in your trunk and take it to a mechanic. See how easy it is to understand. Once the content has loaded, please click on the bottom right corner of the diagram, and page through some examples of the sections within this book.
Forgot password. Speed trapping Know your rights when it comes to speed traps. See this video regarding illegal trapping http: Dream cars under Rk! Check it out Looking for a dream car? Find you nearest Caltex Dont you hate running low on fuel, or worse running out completely? Well Caltex have a directory where you can search for your nearest Caltex petrol station. How to change a tyre 1.
Many cars have molded plastic along the bottom. If you don't place the jack in the right spot, it will crack the plastic when you start lifting. If you're not sure about the right place to put the jack, read your owner's manual.
For most modern uni-body cars, there is a small notch or mark just behind the front wheel wells, or in front of the rear wheel wells where the jack is intended to be placed. Check to make sure that the jack is perpendicular to the ground 6. Use the wrench that came with your car or a standard cross wrench. Your wrench may have different sizes of openings on different ends.
A correctly-sized wrench will slip easily over the nut, but will not rattle.
It can take quite a lot of force to break your lug nuts free. If all else fails, you can use your body weight or stomp on the wrench be absolutely certain you are turning it the right way - counter clockwise.
There are essentially five colour combinations on these rectangular-shaped signs:. Location name symbols These symbols give the name of a town, street, river, freeway, interchange, and so on.
A symbol indicates the nature of the item being named. Direction sign symbols These symbols indicate the nature of the destination to which the direction sign is pointing. They can be classified into Regulatory, Warning, and Information markings. They have the same meanings as the traffic signs mounted on poles or above the road, and drivers should react accordingly. Surface markings are painted in white, yellow or red, according to the message they convey. As a general rule, you may not stop on a red line, you may not park on a yellow line, and you may not cross a solid white line, except those that cross the width of the road.
Regulatory markings Regulatory markings are used to control the actions of drivers and regulate the flow of traffic. As with regulatory signs, it is an offence to disobey any regulatory road marking.
In the diagrams that follow, the direction of vehicle traffic flow is depicted by the small black arrowheads. Yield line. Slow down and give way to cross-traffic, and pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross your path.
If necessary, stop before the white Yield line. Applies also at a railway crossing. No overtaking line on its own or on your side of a broken dividing line. You may not allow any part of the vehicle to cross the line, except to access property on the other side, or to avoid a stationary obstruction.
Yellow left edge marking. You may not drive to the left of the yellow line, except when permitted to allow another vehicle to overtake see Rules of the Road. Painted island. You may not drive or stop over the marking. Pedestrian crossing. Give way to any pedestrians on or about to enter the pedestrian crossing on your side of the road, from either side.
Block pedestrian crossing. No crossing double-line. You may not allow any part of the vehicle to cross the line at any time. The two solid lines sometimes have a broken dividing line between them. Channelizing line between lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. White right edge marking. You may not drive or cross to the right of the white line. Exclusive parking bay.
The parking bay is reserved for the exclusive use of the kind of vehicle indicated by the accompanying symbol, in this case goods vehicles. There are rules for speed limits, lane discipline, parking and lights.
It is compulsory to obey the rules of the road, and compliance with this aspect of road traffic law will greatly reduce the possibility of accidents, injury and death on the roads. General 8 Drive on the left side of a two-way road. This is referred to as the rule of the road.
A sign that indicates a different speed limit from the general speed limit always takes precedence and overrides the general speed limit. Divided roads 8 Where a road is divided by a painted or physical barrier, always stay on the left side of the division.
Do not cut in front of it when you return to the left side of the road. Passing oncoming vehicles 8 When passing oncoming traffic, keep to the left and maintain a clear space between your vehicle and other vehicles. Being overtaken 8 When being overtaken: Rules of the road: Search, Predict, Identify, Decide, Execute. Predict, Identify, Search, Decide, Execute. Neither of these. The process of defensive driving consists of three groups of actions.
Which group can be left out if you are not going to apply the brakes or change gear?
The correct application of the defensive driving sequence is: Look out for hazards on the road. Identify the type of hazard. Consider how the hazard may affect you.
Choose a safe reaction. Correct answer. Mirrors, Brakes, Gears. If you are not going to change speed, it is not necessary to look in the mirror, or to apply the brakes, or to change gear. Remember, though: When driving a motor vehicle in traffic under normal weather and road conditions, what gap should be maintained behind the vehicle ahead of you? Enough for you to stop without swerving. You need enough clear space so that if the vehicle ahead should stop suddenly, you should be able to stop safely behind it without swerving.
Enough for you to stop without swerving Enough to avoid bumping the vehicle ahead If you can swerve and pass the vehicle ahead. Indicate your intention. You must use the vehicle indicators or brake lights to warn other road users of your intention to slow down, stop, or turn. You must indicate in good time and for long enough to warn other road users of your intention.
Each test has a different set of questions. For thorough preparation for the official test we recommend that you do all three tests, and that you aim for full marks for each test. Instructions 1.
Start at TEST A and read the first question carefully Read the question again to make sure you understand what is being asked. Read the multiple-choice answer options beneath the question. Decide which option or combination of options reflects the most correct answer. Circle the reference A, B, or C of the answer you have decided upon. When youve answered all of the questions in TEST A, check your answers against the correct answers given on page Do that test again until you can answer every question correctly.
Between now and when you sit for the official test, revise the material daily. It is a good idea to do these mock tests again a day or two before you do the official test. TEST A 3. Which control prevents a parked vehicle from moving? Which controls are used to select a gear? Which control is used to accelerate? Which control is used to change direction or turn? Which control does a vehicle with automatic transmission not have? Which control is used to stop the vehicle?
Which controls are used to make a sharp turn to the left or right? This is a practical driving test to determine the ability of aspirant motor vehicle drivers and motorcycle riders.
The driving test measures a drivers proficiency regarding: You may not do the driving test in a light motor vehicle that is less than 3 m in length. During the test, smoking and the use of cellular phones are not allowed. Light and heavy motor vehicle test: Motorcycle test: Time limits for completing the test Motorcycles: No time limit Light and heavy motor vehicles yard test: If you pass the yard test you will continue with the road test which will take between 20 and 45 minutes.
You will fail the yard test and the test will be discontinued if: The stopwatch will be stopped after completion of each of the following, and re-started before the next item: Scoring method The examiner will use a score sheet to evaluate your performance during the test. You may accumulate a certain number of penalty points during each part of the test see next page.
If you score more than this allowance you will fail the test. Besides the penalty points applicable to specific manoeuvres and road test situations, throughout the test you will also be allocated penalty points each time you make the following errors: Some items do not carry penalty points and must be completed correctly in order to continue with the rest of the test. If you are unsuccessful in any of these immediate failure items, the test will be stopped immediately and you will have to reapply to do the test some other time.
Immediate failure items You will fail the test and it will be stopped immediately if you make any of the following errors: Motorcycle test:. Penalty points allocation:. Penalty points allocation: Vehicle rolls back or forwards Touch any obstacles Not successful in the number of attempts allowed observation Signal intention Moving off Counter-steering Signal cancelled.
With each yard test manoeuvre weve included a table that shows the number of penalty points that can be allocated for any errors in executing the various elements in that manoeuvre, e. Penalty points are given for any action that: For example, if you forget to do a observation during a particular manoeuvre which requires that action, you will be penalized 5 points.
Similarly, if you do not signal your intention when it is needed, that can cost you 5 points. The higher the number of penalty points allocated to an action, the more important it is for you to do it correctly. A shaded box indicates an element you must do correctly or you will fail the entire test immediately.
For the road test, where a manoeuvre applies in several situations, the penalty points have not been shown every time. For example, the K53 action steps for stopping or for moving off must be applied every time these form part of a driving manoeuvre, such as at intersections.
Definition of Observe:. Look to the front, sides, in the mirrors and blind spots. Look up and down crossroads and vehicle entrances for any vehicles and pedestrians. Signalling 8 Check in the rear-view mirror s and appropriate blind spot, if applicable, e.
However, you must check in the rear-view mirror s before braking commences. This inspection is done after the interior inspection see next item. The examiner will accompany you to the vehicle, where a pre-trip exterior inspection will be conducted prior to entering the vehicle.
The examiner may allow minor defects to be rectified; however, no extra time will be allowed for this. If any of the items indicated on the test report under the headings Pre-trip inspection are found not to be operating, the vehicle will be considered unroadworthy and the examiner will record a fail and immediately discontinue the test.
You will not be penalized for the following: When checking those parts of the vehicle which you have to check, you are not expected to mention all the properties of that particular part. For example, when the wheels are checked, you dont need to mention that you checked the tyre tread for wear and for damage to the sidewall, tyre pressure and the valve cap, etc.
When it is clear to the examiner that you have paid attention to the specific parts, whether mentioned or not, you will be credited. Procedure light and heavy motor vehicles: Check that all the glass and plastic fittings are undamaged, clean and secure lights, lenses, reflectors, mirrors, number plates, windows. Check the wiper blades for any wear and leave them extended. Check under vehicle Check the windscreen wipers Check the tyres Check the engine compartment Check the lights and reflectors Check the fuel cap 1 1 1 1 1 1.
Pre-trip inspection of the vehicle interior contd Note for heavy vehicles with air brakes: This inspection is done before the exterior inspection. During the interior inspection, after the instruments and gauges have been checked for any malfunction, the engine must be started and left running to allow the air pressure to build up in the air brakes while the exterior inspection is being carried out.
Ensure from the drivers seat that the parking brake is applied. Ensure that the gear lever is in the neutral position in P or N for automatic transmission. Check for any obstructions. Check any warning lights and gauges where applicable. Check the seat adjustment for the correct driving position. Check all the mirrors for maximum rear-view vision; adjust as necessary.
Turn the ignition key to the ON position, without starting the engine. Check the operation of any electric windows, if applicable. Check all the instruments on the instrument panel and mention any changes.
Check the operation of the front and rear lights, indicators, horn and wipers. Switch the ignition off and return all the switches to the OFF position. Check the steering for any excessive free play. Check the pressure on the brake and clutch pedals. Return the wipers to the normal position, where applicable. Check that the doors are properly closed and that any passengers are conversant with the operation of the doors. Fasten the seatbelt and request any passengers to fasten their seatbelts.
Ensure that the passengers know how to operate the release mechanism of the seatbelts. The yard test manoeuvres The yard test manoeuvres are completed before you go out onto public roads to do the road test. These manoeuvres test your competence in handling the vehicle while reversing, parking, moving off on an incline and turning the vehicle around in the road.
Before you start the manoeuvres, the examiner will give you the following information: Alley docking 8 You will be required to reverse and turn into a specially marked bay, and then drive out again. The examiner will tell you: Position your vehicle at the starting point and cancel the signal, if applicable.
Apply the parking brake or select neutral, or P for automatic transmission and wait for instructions. When instructed to do so, perform the manoeuvre by following the steps on page Alley docking to the left is shown here, so the first blind spot observation check and signalling will be to the left. When intending to alley dock to the right, the first blind spot check and signalling will be to the right. When steering round the corner, check in the left mirror to ensure a safe follow-through.
The following two illustrations show the correct K53 sequence for: Turning left without stopping. Check left blind spot, if applicable 5. Steer to the left of the lane, if necessary 6. Check mirrors 7. Select a lower gear, if necessary 9. Yield to pedestrians if necessary. Check in the mirrors Check the blind spots Signal intention Lane changing Check left and right for cross-traffic Position for the turn Wheels straight for turning Signal cancelled Note: The penalty points shown in the box above apply to all intersection situations.
Select next lower gear, if necessary Check traffic to the right Observe , if applicable Check left blind spot, if applicable. The test consists of: The test is a measure of the motorcycle riders: This test has been designed for riders of solo two-wheeled motorcycles, and not for three-wheeled tri-cycle or four-wheeled quad-bike motorcycles, nor for a motorcycle with a sidecar. During the test, you will not be allowed to smoke or use a cell phone. Test structure Part One: Part Two: Scoring Throughout the test, the following items will be marked with penalty points as necessary: Examiners instructions Before the commencement of Part One of the test, the examiner will tell you that: You will, however, not be penalized for touching any boundary lines when moving the vehicle to the next manoeuvre.
Other important notes 8 Prior to the commencement of a manoeuvre, the examiner will give you the instructions and explanation only when the motorcycle is stationary.
However, in order to pass, you must complete the entire test. Part One: Pre-trip inspections and manoeuvres You will fail Part One of the test if: Pre-trip inspection The examiner will accompany you to your motorcycle where you must conduct the pre-trip inspection. Note, however, that a time limit of not more than 5 minutes will be allowed for this.
The checking procedure: Check under vehicle Check the mirrors Check the chains Check the tyres Check the fork. For example, when the wheels are checked you are not expected to mention that you checked the tyre tread for wear, for damage to the sidewall, tyre pressure and the valve cap etc. Speed management The examiner will tell you: When instructed to commence with this procedure, follow these steps: Move off.
Accelerate and change to a higher gear. Do not touch any boundary lines. Brake at line C. Select a lower gear. Stop with the front wheel on cross-point D of the calibrated cross. Maintain balance and dont move the motorcycle until the stopping point has been determined by the examiner. However, if you do not bring the motorcycle to a controlled stop, you will be allocated penalty points.
Stopping with the front portion facing them will cause you to fail. Clive Gibson, Gavin Hoole , , , All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers and the copyright holders.
Linda de Villiers Managing editor: Cecilia Barfield Editors: Beverley Dodd Cover designer: Dylan Blakey-Milner Designer: Ilze van der Westhuizen Typesetter: Randall Watson Illustrator: Damian de Villiers Editorial Assistant: The National Road Traffic Act, Regulations and test requirements are revised by the authorities from time to time. This book is constantly updated to incorporate such changes, and every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and current validity of the information provided in this book.
Nevertheless, the Publishers and the Authors shall not be held responsible or liable in any way whatsoever for any omissions or errors contained herein, whether due to timing of the release of the updated editions or for any other reason. Compiled by training experts with decades of experience in the field of Learners and Driving Licence test preparation, this manual tells you all you need to know for both tests, and does so in an extremely user-friendly way.
Learners Licence 8 Learn the correct information first, then test yourself with revision questions 8 Understand the road signs and rules of the road through clear explanations and detailed illustrations 8 Revise each section by means of over 90 questions, each with its own explanation for the correct answer 8 Test and score yourself with three separate practice tests, with a total of questions similar to the official test.
K53 Driving Licence 8 Understand the detailed explanations for the K53 defensive driving system on which youll be tested 8 Remember the sequence of K53 procedures required for every test manoeuvre, with the use of clear, step-by-step explanations and supporting illustrations 8 Discover how you will be tested, and study penalty points allocations for each manoeuvre to see exactly what the examiner will be watching for.
Manual covers light and heavy motor vehicles, as well as The New Official motorcycles. It is the clearest, most comprehensive guide to help you prepare for your Learners and Drivers, so that you can pass both tests first time and enjoy the freedom of being a licenced driver.
Also visit www. Covering both light and heavy motor vehicles, and motorcycles, each chapter discusses the knowledge and skills expected of you. At the end of this section there is a mock test similar to that compiled by traffic departments. Flag for inappropriate content. For Later. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Defensive driving the K53 way 4 7 9 Road Signs 4. Road surface markings 12 14 26 35 38 45 8 Intoxicating liquor and narcotic drugs 61 Rules Rules of the road 8 General 8 Speed limits 8 Divided roads 8 Overtaking another vehicle 8 Being overtaken 8 Overtaking on the left 8 Passing oncoming vehicles 8 Road shoulders 8 Traffic lanes 8 Traffic circles 8 Stopping on the road 8 Crossing or entering a road or traffic lane 55 55 55 55 56 56 56 57 57 57 58 58 58 8 Driving signals 8 Hand signals 8 Turning at intersections 8 Parking 8 Other no-stopping places 8 Other no-parking places 8 Compulsory stops 8 Lights 8 Towing 8 Not allowed on freeways 8 Learner drivers on freeways 8 Being overtaken on a freeway 52 52 52 52 53 53 53 53 54 54 54 54 The K53 actions explained 8 Abbreviations used 8 Groups of K53 actions 80 83 91 91 92 8 Some no-stopping and no-parking distances 56 Driving Test Regulatory signs Traffic signals Warning signs Hazard marker plates Information signs Regulate traffic flow and must be obeyed.
Regulatory signs are grouped as follows, according to their message and purpose: Permanent control signs are red and white, sometimes with a black symbol, and they come in a variety of shapes: No entry.
No vehicles may enter this road at any time. One-way left. This is a one-way road. One-way straight ahead. Actions that all drivers must take: You must switch on your headlights now.
You must pay a toll on this road or take another route. You must travel at this speed or faster. You must pass to the side indicated by the angled arrow. You must proceed only in the direction of the arrow.
You must turn in the direction of the arrow at the next junction. You must obey traffic circle rules at the roundabout see page The class of road user indicated must use this part of the roadway only, and other road users may not: Taxis must use only this part of the roadway.