DELHI DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY. Master Plan for Delhi (Incorporating modifications up to 31st March, ). Draft compilation for. (i) Municipal Corporation of Delhi (Strategies/Master Plan for Solid proposed to make in the Master Plan for Delhi keeping in view. List of unauthorized colonies identified to be regularized in Delhi. * Delhi master Plan (MPD) Reprint Edition. * FORM FOR APPLICATION TO ERECT.
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Delhi Master Plan aims at planned development of Delhi. Delhi is the MPD– (PDF) (Chapters 1 – 19) (click here to download). (II). MPD– After some interim preparatory steps, the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) came into existence after enactment of the Delhi Development Act. DELHI DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY MPD CRITICAL ANALYSIS W.R.T There has been Master Plan for Delhi till th b a lack of this major policy sur/ surrec/ surrec9 rrecpdf 7. singda Dewal - MPD 1 analysis center of.
But with the growth of such large urban areas also comes the problem of managing them well to ensure good quality of life for the residents. The existence of such large numbers of people densely packed into compact regions leads to ever-increasing burdens on the resources available in the cities. Housing, waste management, slums, transportation, have emerged as some of the most pressing problems in urban areas along with the overall issue of effective utilisation of land. It is in dealing with such problems that urban planning comes to the fore, in order to provide a comprehensive development strategy for the city with a forward-looking approach.
The city may thus gets divided into administrative and uses based zones with separate plans for the same along with an all-encompassing master plan for the city as a whole. Comprehensive planning model for the city to achieve balanced growth and built environment. Comprehensiveness in city planning refers primarily to an awareness that the city i.
The question is how relevant and effective are such plans, both in their objectives and in their implementation. Do they pragmatically take into consideration the actual ground realities or are they too utopian in nature?
Is due consideration given to the financial viability of such plans? And most importantly to what extent does this planning process curtail the rights of individual citizens to use their properties as they see fit, and to pursue any means of self-improvement that the city has to offer.
Though the land pooling model proposed by MPD brings in a remarkable change in the way private participation is perceived in the context of Delhi; it can be expected to impact the cost of new housing units. It will be interesting to witness the various parameters of land sharing, infrastructure provisions, mandatory EWS and LIG housing provision and premium factor for being located in Delhi — impacting the pricing of the MIG and HIG housing segment.
Market participants have been provided with good opportunities. Institutionalizing designs of stalls. Mandatory provisions for service and repair activities. Earmarking of 'Hawking' and 'No Hawking' Zones at neighbourhood and cluster levels. Restructuring of existing network through expressways. Provision for introducing cycle tracks. Realistic standards of water supply for equitable distribution.
Disaster Management centre provided in each administrative zone. Nursing Homes. Building regulations for safety of structures as per seismic zone. Road and rail based mass transport system to be a major mode of public transport. Incentives provided for sports facilities and swimming pools in schools. Alternative Sources of energy and new technology.
Provision for vocational and other educational facilities. Integrated multimodal public transport system to reduce dependence on personalised vehicles. The Plan gives emphasis on energy conservation. Land Use zoning as per microzonation. The physical potential for further urbanization within the NCT is reducing although there is a virtual urban continuum between Delhi and the surrounding areas. NCT of Delhi. Central NCR iii. Highway Corridor Zone iv.
Bahadurgarh and Sonepat-Kundli. Rest of NCR. Planning for a metropolis like Delhi.
Uttar Pradesh sq. With the imperatives of growth and development. Central National Capital Region. It is a growing and expanding magnet of attraction for people from all across the country and also a hub for the region surrounding it. Haryana sq. As already mentioned Delhi has a limited area of sq.
For the remaining area. In this background. For this. Industrial growth in Delhi should be restricted to high-tech with emphasis on units. The identified Highway Corridor Zones will also have to be notified by the respective State Governments with appropriate regulations for their development.
Together with this larger industries should be located in the urbanisable areas in this zone. It is felt that this will make them more attractive for locating economic and allied activities and for attracting private sector investment.
Percentage to Total Area Ha. NCR Plan Delhi Land to be kept reserved for: Agriculture zone in NCT Delhi including dairy farming. Wild Life Sanctuary. Table 1.
Wild life Sanctuary. River Yamuna and other water bodies should be conserved and kept free from unrestricted and unplanned urban development. Envisaging a balanced regional development. Population Assignment. NCT of Delhi had a total population of lakh.
Table 2. Population In lakh NCT Delhi is highly urbanized with NCR Plan. During With the continuation of the present population trend. Department and other NCR participating States. The net increase of population in NCT-Delhi is given below: To a substantial extent.
At the same time population of children aged years would decrease from The details break-up of elderly people and children are given below. Figures in bracket indicate percentage to total net increase. Participation rate of population Year Male Census of India and projections by DDA Sub-Group MPD The above age-group wise distribution of population should form the basis for providing special facilities to the elderly such as old age homes.
Based on the assigned population of lakh. Delhi Admin. The trend discerned from a comparison of the Census and Census shows that the percentage of combined workforce in 'Primary activities. IT applications In keeping with this decline. Local Bodies and Private Sector etc. Quasi Govt. It is projected that the gender composition will shift significantly to a greater parity between numbers of males and females with lakh females and lakh males in Percentage 7.
The demographic trends indicate the following: Implementation of the schemes under planning stages. Rohini Phase III. Population holding capacity of A to H zones is to be enhanced through a redevelopment strategy and modified development norms. This will be related with: Narela Sub-city projects. Increase in transportation network capacity. The holding capacity of Dwarka. Redensification of housing areas developed at lower densities and along selected sections of the Metro corridor.
Existing residential areas may provide a potential to accommodate about lakh population ultimately i. To accommodate the projected population of lakh by the year To increase the population holding capacity of the area within existing urban limits through redevelopment.
It is envisaged that major rural areas would be absorbed as urban extension from time to time with due regard to balanced city development. At the first instance. Population figures are only broad planning guidelines. Due to land constraint in the NCTD. The remaining population for the year will have to be accommodated in the planned new urban extensions.
In future. Therefore about 48 lakh additional population is to be accommodated in the future urban extensions. Considering the constant pressure on the rural land. Such a structure could be maintained in the process of the preparation of plans on the basis of the standards set in the Table 3. Refer Table 9. Table 3. The land required for urban extension.
Chapter 9. The Plan stipulates that the land upto the depth of one peripheral village revenue boundary along the border of NCTD. Land in the Urban Extension is proposed to be broadly distributed in different land uses in the following manner as shown in Table 3.
The higher level of additional facilities is to be provided at Community. The pattern of a community module is conceived as residential area containing a 'neighbourhood' with senior secondary school and shopping facilities for day-to-day needs.
GNCTD shall be responsible for ensuring utilization of land in Green belt in accordance with permissible uses. The immediate urban extension could be in the zones of J to L. Neighborhood Population Electric Sub Station 11 KV 5. Housing area Play ground 5. Secondary School 3. Religious building 4. Dispensary Service Market 8.
Sewage Pumping Station Primary School 2. Totlot 3. Housing Area Population5. Housing area Park 4. Banquet Halls 6. Anganwari 6. Convenience shopping 2. Local shopping 7. Area in sq. Neighborhood Play Area Coaching centres. Underground water tank with booster station and OHT Neighborhood Park Dhalao including segregation Electric sub station 66 KV 2 8. Hospital 'D' upto beds 3. Police Post 8. Socio-Cultural activities auditorium.
Multipurpose Community hall provision for marriages. Night Shelter Maternity Home 5. Community Population1. Community Recreational club 9. School for Physically Challenged 7. Informal Bazaar School for Mentally Challenged 6. Hospital 'B' beds to beds 3. Community Sports Centre District Population5. Bus Terminal Research and Development Centre 5. Vocational Training Centre: Parking space for parking of buses. Police Station Fire Station 5 to 7 km radius Old Age Home Working women-men hostel Adult Education Centre Electric sub station KV District Centre Service Market Bus Depot District park a.
District Sports Centre Recreational club Cremation ground 5. Sub City Wholesale Market 6. Sewage Pumping Station 9. Sewerage Treatment Plant mld City Park a.
Multipurpose ground Divisional Sports Centre Religious Centre Science Centre. In addition, the following facilities shall also be provided at city level: City Level Facilities Facilities 1. University Campus a Academic incl. Up to Exhibition-cum-Fair Ground Integrated Office Complex Amusement Park International Sports Complex Veterinary Institute.
Up to 10 ha. About Ha to be reserved wherever possible in Urban Extension. Therefore, the option of redevelopment through a process of reorganisation and utilisation of the land already developed will be a major element of the overall city development plan.
A redevelopment strategy for accommodating more population in a planned manner is to be taken up on priority in all use zones for efficient and optimum utilization of the existing urban land, both in planned and unplanned areas. This would have to be based on provision of infrastructure viz. The target areas for redevelopment will have to be identified on the basis of their need for up-gradation and potential for development.
The concerned local body should promote private land owners to take up assembly and redevelopment of a minimum area of 4 hectares. Some of the areas identified are: Influence Zone along MRTS and major Transport Corridor Growth of Delhi over the years has been on the ring and radial pattern with reliance on road based public transport. The development envisaged by the previous Plans was poly nodal with hierarchy of Commercial Centres located either on ring or radial roads.
The proposed MRTS network will bring sizable urban area within walking distance from the proposed stations. This will have an impact on the existing structure of the city and consequently its development. This changed scenario provides opportunities for city restructuring and optimum utilization of the land along the MRTS corridors.
In this process, a sizable proportion of the additional population with requisite facilities and employment can be absorbed along these corridors. The scheme for Redevelopment of Influence Zone shall be prepared on the basis of the following: Maximum upto m. The approval of schemes will be granted only after commencement of execution of the respective phase of MRTS.
Higher FAR and height can be availed of through the preparation and approval of comprehensive integrated scheme. In the proposed Urban Extension areas the land uses will be integrated with the proposed movement corridors at planning stages only.
The following areas shall be excluded from the enhancement of FAR: Lutyens' Bungalow Zone, Chanakya Puri. Civil Lines Bungalow Area. Property development of DMRC. Comprehensive commercial schemes. Re-densification of low-density areas There is a large proportion of underused land with a number of vacant sites as well as dilapidated built-up areas lying vacant in the city. Many of such areas are owned by Government of India.
Such areas are recommended to be planned for redevelopment with higher density in order to make optimum use of land resource as per the prescribed norms. Redevelopment of Other Developed areas In Delhi, including New Delhi NDMC area , a large number of housing, commercial and industrial areas are old and characterized by poor structural condition, sub-optimal utilisation of land, congestion, poor urban form, inadequate infrastructure services, lack of community facilities, etc.
These are characterized by a mix of different land uses and have similarities in compact built form, narrow circulation space and low-rise high-density developments, mainly accommodating residential, commercial - both retail or wholesale and industrial uses.
Therefore, it is important that the areas, which are already established with identified uses, continue to play an active economic role. The Authority may further designate certain other areas as 'Special Area'. The strategy is to provide suitable framework for allowing mix-use activities appropriate to the character of the areas as per the individual schemes having greater flexibility in terms of permitting variety of uses namely, commercial use shops, offices, banks etc.
However, the criterion of selection of the mix-use activities shall be as per Mixed Use Regulations. Required parking and open spaces will have to be provided as per the norms, while reduced space norms for other facilities may be accepted. The redevelopment areas should ensure modern services and amenities, thereby eliminating risk generating structures and activities.
The regulations for Special Area shall be different from other areas. All these areas are to be brought within the planning purview. For this, the owners can jointly redevelop on the basis of the norms and regulations to be prescribed. Shahjahanabad Walled City The most important part of the Special Area is the traditional City of Shahjahanabad, part of which is a core of the business district.
The area is prone to commercialisation, particularly with improved accessibility due to the MRTS. The Plan proposes to regulate and shift noxious and hazardous wholesale trades and industrial activity from this area.
Traditional areas in Walled City need special treatment to conserve its heritage value while retaining the residential character. Redevelopment of government owned katras is to be taken on priority. However, redevelopment would also be promoted in privately owned katras simultaneously. Permission of activities in use premises and building control regulations shall be as follows: The street pattern in residential area is proposed to be restructured with linkages from the metro stations.
The minimum road width and prioritizing of road widening are dictated by fire and other disaster management criteria. The streets, having 30m to 50m lengths, shall have a minimum of 3m width and streets having more than 50m length shall have a minimum of 4. Common facilities shall be located with linkages to pedestrian roads and metro stations. This provision is also subject to requirement of heritage controls, parking, accessibility of emergency vehicles and basic services.
These are old congested built-up areas and for up-gradation of the environment in these areas, minimum level of infrastructure and parking facilities should be provided. The facilities like community hall.
Towards the latter objective. Villages are characterized by a mix of different land uses and have similarities in compact built form. Villages The villages in Delhi have undergone significant physical and functional transformation related with their specific location.
These mainly accommodate residential. Comprehensive schemes for the development of villages should be prepared by the concerned local bodies with the aim of provision of optimal facilities and services within the abadis and integration with the surrounding areas. For provision of social and educational facilities.
Karol Bagh area is due for comprehensive redevelopment on the basis of mixed-use concept with provisions of parking and up-gradation of facilities and utilities. It is important that these areas. In the Special Area Plan. The gridiron pattern should be treated as an asset to regulate and pedestrianize the traffic movement.
Slum and JJ Clusters. The invasion of commercial activity has pushed out the residential use substantially. Resettlement colonies though planned. This aspect should also be kept in view while preparing layout plans for urban extension areas. These pockets shall be planned for the respective use zones assigned. Individual buildings shall be given sanction by the concerned authority within the framework of cluster block approval.
Small shops shall be permissible in residential plots on ground floor as per provisions of Mixed Use Regulations in village abadi including rural para Cluster Block for a minimum area of sq. The land required for any public purpose may be acquired with the consent of the owner through issue of Development Rights Certificate in lieu of payment towards cost of land as per the prescribed regulations. Any change or addition thereof shall be in accordance with the overall policy frame prescribed in the plan.
The non-residential use will be permitted as per the provisions of the Mixed Use Regulations and Special Area Regulations. The concept of Accommodation Reservation i. Delhi has It envisages the role of the public agencies as facilitator through policy and strategic interventions. The policy for development of housing could act as major tool for influencing the efficiency and equity of urban areas.
The Sub-group on Shelter noted that up to the year Housing has a strong spatial relationship with employment. Based on the projected population of lakh by This trend has continued in the current decade as well and has to be kept in view while determining the plan and strategy for housing.
This may be met in the present urban limits of A to H zones and in the sub cities of Dwarka. Rohini and Narela. In order to ensure that housing need is accommodated in the urban extension. Keeping in view the socio-economic composition of the population. This reflects a net housing shortage of about 1. This includes an estimated housing requirement of 20 lakh dwelling units for additional population and backlog of about 4 lakh units comprising of 1 lakh net shortage and the rest by dilapidated and Kutcha structures requiring replacement.
It aims to ensure effective housing and shelter options for all citizens. The households are accommodated in a variety of housing types including different categories of planned built housing. In view of the limited availability of land and increased requirement of housing. A possible indicative scenario in terms of mode of housing supply in different types of development for the next two decades emerges as under: Table 4.
Co-op Society 25 Others Total 25 Public. Looking at the possible distribution of housing types. Private Public. Category II above upto 80 sq. The overall responsibility for provision of land and facilitation of adequate housing to meet the projected demand lies with the DDA in collaboration with GNCTD and other agencies.
In case of Civil Lines Bungalow Area. In case of Bungalow area Part zone D any residential density in group housing pockets shall be prescribed on the basis of detailed scheme. In the context of housing strategy. In case of plotted development. Standard specifications may also be incorporated in the Government Schedule and may be adopted for public buildings and housing schemes.
To make the construction activity more environment friendly. Building technology parks and mobile expositions for cost effective materials and techniques are to be explored for new housing areas and redevelopment schemes. Category III above 80 sq. Planning norms. A fixed density could lead to under utilisation of FAR or imposition of artificial limits to optimal use of land.
With these aspects and planning norms. The new housing developed through the aforementioned methods should be based on a composite area basis and should cater to the special needs of elderly. The average plinth area per house to be achieved in various neighbourhoods will also depend on composition of various income groups to be accommodated in the composite housing schemes. Employer Housing In Delhi after Independence.
The funds for redevelopment should be contributed by the residents. As already indicated. These are mainly government and cantonment areas. The housing stock in both planned and unplanned areas can be enhanced through various approaches as given below. Already developed group housing inclusive of public DDA and others. This implies that specific plans would have to be evolved by DDA with the approval of the Competent Authority and action be taken with reference to the following: In order.
Karol Bagh Special Area and villages. Shahjehanabad Walled City. The non-residential uses of varying degrees have developed with time depending on their location. The owners can jointly redevelop the areas based on the prescribed guidelines. The basic objective of Special Area Redevelopment Scheme in traditional areas is to bring about in situ improvements which help in improving architectural character of the area.
In the case of traditional inner city areas. The essential character of wide avenues. Each Special Area Redevelopment Scheme should entail an enumeration of the monuments and old buildings within the heritage areas. Infrastructure enhancement and provision for additional housing can be financed from the funds generated through cross-subsidisation between commercial and residential use for EWS and LIG categories.
Karol Bagh designated as Special Area are fast changing their residential character to nonresidential use. Civil Lines also has Bungalow Area of which the basic character has to be maintained. All these areas should be redeveloped ensuring modern services and amenities for a safe residential environment and in the process. Bungalow Area Lutyens' Bungalow Zone comprises of large size plots and has a very pleasant green environment.
Mixed use. The strategy for development in this zone will be as per the approved plans and the LBZ guidelines. On a conservative estimate the present housing stock can be increased to more than double. The issue of existing unauthorized colonies has engaged attention since the mid-seventies when a policy for regularization was formulated.
Such colonies are to be identified by the Govt. The socio-economic changes in these old unplanned areas. It must be ensured that for improvement of physical and social infrastructure.
The redevelopment plans should ensure that the permissibility of mixed use zoning at property or within the premise level is compatible to the predominant residential areas.
Primary School Sr. In all unauthorised colonies whether on private or public land. Depending on the availability of land. Secondary School sq. For provision of social facilities. Plans for provision of services shall be prepared by the concerned local bodies. The present method of regularization of unauthorized colonies is by the provision of basic infrastructure to improve the environment.
In terms of housing requirements of the city. Fair Price Shop. Kerosene shop. Transfer of Development Rights should be provided. Broadly speaking this alternate approach should have the following components: During the Plan period This has led to a number of aberrations and there are several aspects. Such services could include domestic help.
These include both existing population and future migrants. Milk Booth. Rest of the clusters. Very large resettlement sites could lead to a phenomenon of planned slums. Reconstruction of existing plotted development. This may preferably be near or at the same site and the utilization of these may be synchronised with the phases of implementation of the scheme of in-situ up-gradation.
Delhi is the capital city of India and home to a population of almost 16 million people. It remains part of the largest urban agglomerations in the world. This large population makes planning of immense importance for providing good quality of life to its citizens.
The history of planning in Delhi is centuries old much before India got independence and after independence the planning has been done by Delhi Development Authority DDA which prepared Master Plans for planned growth of the city. Master plan has been prepared while keeping in mind the larger context i. National Capital region for integrated growth of the city with surrounding area.
Master plan gives detailed information in form of various chapters such as shelter, transportation, industry, trade and commerce, land use, development code etc. Various lower order plans like Zonal plan, Sub Zonal Plans, layout plans are made on the basis of policies provided in the master plan. The National Capital Region of Delhi is the 6th largest urban area in the world with a population of about 16 million people.