Though The Grammar Bible is a reference book, it has, I hope, been written with a sense of style and a sense of humor. Grammar should be a topic that you. A comprehensive, practical reference guide to the idiosyncrasies of the English language. No one knows grammar like Michael Strumpf. For over a quarter of a. [PDF] The Grammar Bible: Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Grammar but Didn't Know Whom to Ask NEW PDF The Grammar Bible: Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Grammar but Didn't Know Whom to Ask. Now, in The Grammar Bible, he has created an eminently useful.

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The Grammar Bible Pdf

Fill The Grammar Bible Pdf, download blank or editable online. Sign, fax and printable from PC, iPad, tablet or mobile with PDFfiller ✓ Instantly ✓ No software. Get Free Read & Download Files The Grammar Bible Michael Strumpf PDF THE GRAMMAR BIBLE MICHAEL STRUMPF - In this site isn`t the same as a. DOWNLOAD @PDF The Grammar Bible: Everyth Full Page {PDF EBOOK EPUB KINDLE}.

A comprehensive, practical reference guide to the idiosyncrasies of the English language. No one knows grammar like Michael Strumpf. For over a quarter of a century, as creator and proprietor of the National Grammar Hot Line, he helped thousands of callers from every corner of the globe tackle the thorniest issues of English grammar. Now, in The Grammar Bible , he has created an eminently useful guide to better speaking and writing. Unlike other grammar manuals, The Grammar Bible is driven by the actual questions Professor Strumpf encountered during his years of teaching and fielding phone calls from anxious writers, conscientious students, and perplexed editors, including such perennial quandaries as o Where do I put this comma? Professor Strumpf explains these and other language issues with wit and wisdom, showing how to speak more clearly and write more impressively by avoiding common errors and following the principles of good grammar. Whether you need a comprehensive review of the subjunctive mood or simply want to know which form of a verb to use, The Grammar Bible is a practical guide that will enlighten, educate, and entertain. Communication is the essence of the human experience. Despite the ease with which the average person thinks, speaks, and writes complicated ideas on a daily basis, the process of communication is extraordinarily complex, and the distinctly human ability to weave sounds, gestures, and expressions into meaningful units that communicate our thoughts and feelings to our fellow humans is at least worthy of note, if not awe and admiration. Why then, if the process is so complex, are humans able to communicate so easily and effortlessly? The complete answer to that question is quite beyond the scope of this book and even beyond the limits of modern science. A topic that is within our grasp and the one that this book will tackle is the regular system of rules that we use to weave sounds into the meaningful units with which we express our thoughts and ideas, creating language. We call this system grammar. In a simple sense, grammar is the study of words and the ways words work together. It is a sort of invisible hand that guides us as we put words together into sentences.

New York Times Best Sellers: Top Fiction: Apr 15th - Apr 21st. Discussion Goodreads Reviews. The Grammar Bible. Reviews from Goodreads. Item added to cart. Michael Strumpf Continue Shopping Checkout. Write a Review for The Grammar Bible: Rating must be between 1 and 5 stars. Please be careful not to let this rule lead you to confuse the plural noun beliefs with the singular verb believes.

I have been criticized in the past for spelling the plurals of instruments incorrectly. In general, for nouns ending in an o preceded by a vowel, simply add -s. This rule, too, is full of exceptions.

For musical terms, many of which end in an o preceded by a consonant, just add -s to form the plural. For other words that end in an o preceded by a consonant, also add -s to form the plural.

As for these others with the consonant plus o ending, add -s or -es. Some are easy because they have a nice rule to tell you what to do.

Then, there are some others that just change, as mouse changes to mice. Is there anything that I can do to learn these sorts of plurals? My sad answer has to be no. There are some nouns that form irregular plurals. They make changes specific to their own cases. These we simply must memorize.

However, most changes are changes of vowels. Consonants are, for the most part, left alone. The best way to verify that the plural form of a noun is correct is to look it up in the dictionary. Is Latin really dead? Latin is certainly not dead. It is alive in English, and we use it in many of our words. Memoranda is the Latin plural while memorandums is the English plural, but both are acceptable.

Similarly, the singular noun referendum can be made plural in the Latin way, referenda, or the American way, referendums. American English has co-opted many foreign words to its own devices while other words still keep only their foreign plurals. The singular noun basis becomes bases in its plural form. The singular noun nemesis becomes nemeses in its plural form.

These Latin words just keep the Latin plurals.

Latin is not the sole language from which modern English words have originated, and there are many other methods of pluralization from across the globe that you can find in English. If in doubt of the plural form, consult your dictionary.

A singular female graduate is an alumna; plural female graduates are alumnae. A singular male graduate is an alumnus; plural male graduates are alumni. These are English words that have retained their Latin plural forms. The pronunciations of the masculine and feminine plurals are the same. Several writers called on a conference line. The writers were dealing with material widely disseminated to the public through newspapers, and all owned many style guides plus a half dozen handbooks.

Creating the plurals of simple compound words, such as steamboat or hatbox, is easy. Simply apply the appropriate rule to the second half of the compound word; thus, steamboat becomes steamboats, and hatbox becomes hatboxes. Pluralizing other compound words whose pieces are connected by hyphens, such as mother-in-law, or whose separate words are regarded as a unit, such as court martial, is almost as simple.

Just make the most important word plural. Mother-in-law becomes mothers-in-law, and court martial becomes courts martial. This most important word will always be a word that can be described or modified, a noun. One of the writers then asked, "What if none of the pieces of the compound word are nouns? Like drive-in. Drive-in becomes drive-ins. The plural of play-off is play-offs, and the plural of has-been becomes has-beens.

While neither of the pieces of each of these compound words is a noun on its own, they work to become a noun together. How do I pluralize numbers?

I want to be correct. To form the plurals of abbreviations that end with periods but that have no internal periods, add -s before the terminal period.

Here is yet another confusing plural issue. To create the plural forms of words that do not have true plural forms, simply add -s. Here are two more examples:. Notice that I did not change the y to i and add -es in totally. The word is an adverb and cannot have a true plural form. The meaning of the sentence is clearer if the y is left alone. Since M s. Take heed, however.

Without the capital, mss. How do you make a plural out of a noun containing an apostrophe? Your noun does not require any changes. Pluralizing other nouns with internal apostrophes is not always so easy, but that discussion must wait until we reach the possessive case. At Christmas and Hanukkah time, hundreds of grammar-conscious citizens call, asking how to spell the plurals of proper names on holiday cards. Many of the calls come from the stationery stores that print the cards. Here are a few rules that will help the curious pluralize proper names.

Please note that, in every case, the spellings of the proper names should not change except for the addition of -s or -es. Do not forget that other than the addition of -s or -es, the spelling of a pluralized proper name does not change. With names that end in y, you do not change that y to i. With names that end in f or fe, do not change that f or fe to v. The name remains the same. Number, on the surface, appears to be a simple matter.

A noun is singular, or it is plural. End of story. Oh, but you must not forget that there are exceptions to every rule and complications to any simple situation. If you take one thing away from this book, it should be the lesson that any language worth its salt has more twists and variations than any one person can explore in a lifetime.

English is certainly one of these.

The Grammar Bible: Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Grammar but Didn't Know Whom to Ask

Some nouns that appear to be plural in form are treated singularly: These nouns, though plural in appearance because they end in s, are generally treated as singular. Popular usage has changed their natures so that we usually regard each of them as a single object or idea. Imagine each of them without the plural ending. Riches becomes an adjective, rich. Remains becomes a verb, remain. Others are not even real words without the pluralizing s trouser? These nouns are plural through and through.

There is yet another class of nouns for which number can be problematic, the collective nouns. Collective nouns, though singular in number, name a group of people or objects. Collectives are troublesome because they can be treated as singular or plural depending on usage.

If we regard the members of the group that the collective noun names as a unit, then the noun is singular. Here, the members of each group act on their own and not as a unit, so the collective noun is plural.

However, we rarely use collective nouns in a plural manner. Are there similar words to describe other groups of animals? Yes, there are. There are some wonderful words in it, such as a shrewdness of apes, an exaltation of larks , and a murmurtion of starlings.

The Grammar Bible (eBook) by Michael Strumpf, Auriel Douglas (Author)

Many of these are infrequently used, but shrewd word watchers will know about some of their curious origins. With popular use, they evolved into dictionary-defined words. Spreading the word is how American English grows. The plural forms of many nouns are often misused. The following list has been excerpted from the context of questions called in over the past twenty-five years. Each caller had used a plural incorrectly.

A bartender called with a question about his appetizers. Both French words are pluralized in the English manner. If the time in the sentence is actually two separate blocks of time, one belonging to each party, then use the plural.

My personal preference is for the plural form, times. Since the word both is used in the sentence …both our times…, I see two separate blocks of time. This is but one humble opinion. The Hot Line actually advised the executive to take a more direct approach by eliminating the word both and using the singular form of the noun.

The grammatical term person describes the relationship of a noun to the speaker. The person of a noun indicates whether it names the person or persons speaking, spoken to, or spoken of. There are three persons: The forms of nouns do not change because of the change of person.

A noun such as mouse will take the same form whether it is in the first, second, or third person. Clues as to what person a noun is in come from the context in which it is used. Pay close attention to the verb in the sentence and any pronouns that refer to the noun. Why these features are so important will become clear when you complete the subsequent chapters on pronouns chapter 6 and on verbs chapter 2. A noun in the first person names the person or persons speaking. Always use one of the pronouns I or we to refer to the first person.

The first person I or we may have a standard noun as an appositive.

Hm... Are You a Human?

We will deal with appositives shortly. In the first example, the proper noun Eric is in the first person since it is some person named Eric who utters or writes the sentence. In the second example, the noun people is in the first person because there are some people who utter this sentence to express their desire for a more perfect union.

In the first example, the proper noun John is in the second person since it names the fellow toward whom the speaker directs his or her request to pass the salt. In the second example, the noun children is in the second person because it names the individuals to whom the speaker issues the command to hurry. In the first example, the nouns knight and dragon are both in the third person.

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