Editorial Reviews. About the Author. William A. Haviland is professor emeritus at the University The Essence of Anthropology 4th Edition, Kindle Edition. The essence of anthropology. by William A Haviland; Harald E L Prins; Dana Walrath; Bunny McBride. Print book. English. Fourth edition. Boston, MA. Edition/Format: Print book: English: Fourth editionView all editions and formats # The essence of anthropology.
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The Essence of Anthropology | 4th Edition. William A. Haviland/Harald E.L. Prins/ Dana Walrath/Bunny McBride. View as Instructor. Product cover for The. ISBN Click Here to View the Sample. The essence of anthropology / William A. Haviland [et al.] Haviland 7 editions of this work. Find a specific edition Fourth edition. Boston, MA Cengage.
A portion of the DNA molecule containing a sequence of base pairs that encodes a particular protein is known as a: a. Mendel discovered that inheritance was particulate, not: a.
Alleles are: a. Sex cell division is called: a. Which of the following is not one of the four base pairs? The process of transcription is related to: a. In protein synthesis, all of the following are involved except: a. RNA b. Cell division begins when chromosomal DNA replicates and each chromosome becomes a pair of: a.
Cell division that involves exact replication of parent cells is called: a. Proteins are significant to the life of the organism in various ways.
Those that initiate and direct chemical reactions are called: a. Which of the following terms best describes the 3 billion chemical bases with 20, to 25, genes that define humans?
During meiosis, genes are divided into: a. What deficiencies were revealed in the DNA testing protocol among refugees in the Dadaab refugee camp in Nairobi, Kenya?
Family relationship is not solely constituted by biology. Families did not always carry the same types of genetic markers. Families did not understand why DNA was needed and often refused. Families did not want to live with relatives in the United States. If a young man has type A blood, this is his: a. DNA b. Chimpanzees and humans share what percentage of DNA similarity? Because type O blood is codominant, a woman with type O blood knows that OO is her: a.
Which of the following best describes polygenetic inheritance? An individual receives multiple alleles from more than two parents.
Characteristics resulting from polygenetic inheritance exhibit a wide variation in genotypic expression. Characteristics resulting from polygenetic inheritance exhibit a wide variation in phenotypic expression. Characteristics most commonly result in mutation. All of the following are evolutionary forces except: a.
In evolutionary terms, what kind of force is mutation? It is negative because mutation decreases chances for survival. It is positive because it provides variation for selection. It is neutral because variation does not matter in the long run.
Mutation cannot be evaluated in these terms. What variable force is most important to adaptation over time? Chance fluctuations of allele frequencies in the gene pool of a population are evidences of: a. Founder effects is a type of: a. A small group of people with several color-blind individuals moves from the mainland to a previously uninhabited, secluded island. Two hundred years later, 5 percent of the people of the island have color-blindness. This is an example of: a. Interbreeding allows for: a.
Which evolutionary force keeps populations from developing into separate species? A painful disease in which oxygen-carrying red blood cells change into abnormal shapes is called: a. Adaptation can best be described as: a. Ultimately all natural selection is biologically measured in terms of: a. The biological term fitness refers to: a. Each of the following commonly affects mutation rates except: a.
Which of the following statements about adaptation is incorrect? Many traits have no adaptive function. Adaptations are adjustments to a specific environment.
Adaptation at a genetic level reveals natural selection. Natural selection and adaptation always promote genetic change. When natural selection favors retention of an allele frequency because the population is well adapted, it is referred to as: a. Sickle-cell anemia is found in highest frequencies in populations from: a.
East Africa b. Central Arica c. South Africa d. Scientists have found that carrying sickle-cell anemia meaning, one is heterozygous protects an individual from: a. The allele for sickle-cell anemia is believed to have originated in areas where there are large populations of mosquitoes bearing: a. The continuous gradation over space in the form or frequency of a genetic trait is known as a: a.
Why does a bulky body tend to conserve more heat than a slender one? It has less surface area relative to volume. It has more surface area relative to volume. It has more fat regulation. It is more layered, with fat covering muscles.
Anthropologists study biological diversity among populations in terms of: a. Which of the following is most likely to suffer effects from summer heat? The formation of a new species is known as relationships between related species.
If two populations of primates were separated for a substantially long period of time by geographical changes, causing them, over time, to begin developing characteristics that distinguished them from each other, it could result in: a. What do we call the factors that separate two breeding populations? Achromatopsia is a condition sometimes caused by founder effects. It is also known as: a.
Why is the genetic comparison between humans and chimpanzees sometimes misleading? It ignores qualitative differences between genomes. It ignores quantitative differences between genomes. It ignores individual differentiation within genomes. It attempts to explain all diversity through a simple comparison. In a heterozygous individual, the dominance of one allele means that: a.
When two or more genes contribute to the phenotypic expression of a single characteristic, it is known as: a.
Which of the following best describes a karyotype? It is the array of chromosomes found within a single cell. It is the sequence of amino acids expressed within a protein. It is a protein that directs chemical reactions. It is the complete structure of DNA for a species. Compared to other chromosomes, the Y chromosome is: a.
When an existing population splits up into two, the kind of genetic drift that occurs is called. Factors that separate breeding populations and lead to the creation of new species are called mechanisms. The macroevolutionary model of change called stability and then periods of rapid change. Subjective Short Answer What criteria did Linnaeus use to establish his classificatory system?
Distinguish analogies from homologies. ANSWER: Analogies identify anatomical features of similar function across species, and homologies are structures possessed by two different organisms that arise in similar fashion and pass through similar stages during embryonic development but which have different functions. What distinguishes a creation story from the theory of evolution?
Explain the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics proposed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. Describe the theory of natural selection. ANSWER: There exists natural variation and the capacity for population to exceed capacity; thus, there is a struggle for existence in which nature selects the most advantageous variations so that species can evolve. In genetics, what does the term translation mean? Briefly describe the process of protein synthesis and the involvement of codons.
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Thinking and Doing Anthropology. Biology, Genetics, and Evolution. Living Primates. Human Evolution. The Neolithic Revolution. The Emergence of Cities and States. Modern Human Diversity -- Race and Racism. Characteristics of Culture. Language and Communication. Social Identity, Personality, and Gender.
Subsistence and Exchange.