OLIVER STRUNK: 'THE ELEMENTS OF STYLE' (4th edition). First published in . (* E. B. White wrote this introduction for the edition.) I passed the course, . TheElements of Style byWilliam Strunk, Jr. Professor of English Cornell University Privately Printed Ithaca, New Yor. The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition · Read more · The Elements of Style, Fourth The Elements of Style, 4th Edition. Read more · The Elements of UML Style.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
Weeks later, White wrote a feature story about Strunk's devotion to lucid English prose.
More than ten million copies of three editions were later sold. Strunk , and the concluding chapter, "An Approach to Style", a broader, prescriptive guide to writing in English. He also produced the second and third editions of The Elements of Style, by which time the book's length had extended to 85 pages.
The third edition of The Elements of Style features 54 points: a list of common word-usage errors; 11 rules of punctuation and grammar; 11 principles of writing; 11 matters of form; and, in Chapter V, 21 reminders for better style.
The final reminder, the 21st, "Prefer the standard to the offbeat", is thematically integral to the subject of The Elements of Style, yet does stand as a discrete essay about writing lucid prose.
A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts.
This requires not that the writer make all his sentences short, or that he avoid all detail and treat his subjects only in outline, but that he make every word tell. The fourth edition of The Elements of Style , published 54 years after Strunk's death, omits his stylistic advice about masculine pronouns: "unless the antecedent is or must be feminine".
White, an afterword by the American cultural commentator Charles Osgood , a glossary, and an index. Five years later, the fourth edition text was re-published as The Elements of Style Illustrated , with illustrations by the designer Maira Kalman. This edition excludes the afterword by Charles Osgood and restores the first edition chapter on spelling.
Reception[ edit ] The Elements of Style was listed as one of the best and most influential books written in English since by Time in its list. In criticizing The Elements of Style, Geoffrey Pullum , professor of linguistics at the University of Edinburgh , and co-author of The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language , said that: The book's toxic mix of purism, atavism, and personal eccentricity is not underpinned by a proper grounding in English grammar.
It is often so misguided that the authors appear not to notice their own egregious flouting of its own rules It's sad. Do not join independent clauses with a comma. Do not break sentences in two. Use a colon after an independent clause to introduce a list of particulars, an appositive, an amplification, or an illustrative quotation.
Use a dash to set off an abrupt break or interruption and to announce a long appositive or summary. The number of the subject determines the number of the verb. Use the proper case of pronoun.
A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject. Elementary Principles of Composition Choose a suitable design and hold to it. Make the paragraph the unit of composition.
Use the active voice. Put statements in positive form. Use definite, specific, concrete language. Omit needless words. Avoid a succession of loose sentences.