We are very proud of the first edition of Sailing For Dummies and the success it achieved, but we want to thank Tracy Boggier, Joyce Pepple, our project editor. Shirley HM. Reekie. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page DESCRIPTION Interested in learning to sail but feel like you’renavigating in murky waters? Sailing for Dummies, SecondEdition introduces the basics of sailing, looks at thedifferent types of sailboats and their basic parts, and teaches youeverything you need to know before.

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Author(s), JJ and Peter Isler. Publisher, Wiley. Date, Pages, Format, pdf. Size, 8 Mb. D O W N L O A D. Editorial Reviews. medical-site.info Review. Attention landlubbers: If you don't know your port from Sailing For Dummies® by [Isler, J. J., Isler, Peter]. LEARN TO SAIL. WHITE SAIL THEORY FOR THE MARTIN 4th Edition. ORIGINAL VERSION BY. KERIANNE BOULVA – JEAN-PHILIPPE ROUX- GROLEAU.

Sail the longer gybe first. Stay near the centre of the course Sail with the puffs and avoid the lulls. Watch the current. Keep clear air. Watch for boats blanketing you from behind Finishing Remember the race isn't over till the finish! Make sure you have the right finish mark. Use binoculars. The finishing line can be biased just as much as a start line. Decide on the favoured end while sailing downwind. Try to push your opposition to the unfavoured end of the finish line. If in front: cover, stay between the competition and the mark "Never interrupt your opponent when he is making a mistake Avoid being lee-bowed by other yachts, you are in dead air. Start near the upwind end of the start line. Ignore the position of the first mark when deciding where to start provided the first leg is a beat.

The finishing line can be biased just as much as a start line. Decide on the favoured end while sailing downwind. Try to push your opposition to the unfavoured end of the finish line. If in front: cover, stay between the competition and the mark "Never interrupt your opponent when he is making a mistake Avoid being lee-bowed by other yachts, you are in dead air. Start near the upwind end of the start line.

Ignore the position of the first mark when deciding where to start provided the first leg is a beat. Keep in the front rank before the start. Take a transit so you know when you are on the line. If ahead, keep between your opponents and the next mark. Off wind, keep your wind clear and try to sail straight for the next mark. Find out which way the current or tide is flowing. Head for deep water and the outside of bends when the tide is with you. Stay in shallow water if the tide is against you.

If everything is equal, tack up a 60 - degree cone well inside the lay lines. Tack on headers. Watch for the freeing wind shifts. On a one - sided beat, sail the long leg first.

When sailing cross-tide, point into the tide and use a transit to sail a straight course "over the land". You can change your ad preferences anytime. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! An annual anal Embed Size px.

Sailing For Dummies

Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. The spell that the wind casts onto the sails of a boat is bewitching to behold. And no matter how experienced you become or how much water passes beneath your keel, sailing still has more to offer.

But enough generalizing. About This Book In this book, you can find all the information you need to go sailing. We start with basic sailing skills and move on to cover more advanced topics for when you widen your horizons to activities such as chartering a boat and going cruising. You get to practice tying knots, and we talk about what to wear on a boat. You even discover the basics of sailboat racing. We cover all you need to know to be safe on the water, and we make the whole process easy and fun!

The language of sailing has an old and rich tradition, and as you become more comfortable in a sailboat, you gradually pick up more and more of the language and become a part of the sailing tradition yourself. We also list most of the italicized terms in the glossary so you can brush up on sailing terminology. Finally, in this book we simply refer to boats or sailboats. In the United States, a yacht is the snobby cousin of the boat, but in New Zealand and much of the current and former British Empire, the word yacht has no snob connotations.

You can use yacht safely, without giving away anything about yourself, in place of boat or sailboat. Sidebars are the shaded boxes that appear occasionally. So you can skip sidebars, although we hope you come back to them someday.

Foolish Assumptions The most foolish assumption we made when we wrote the first edition of this book was that only our parents and a few close friends would ever read it. We assume one or more of the following about you, our reader: We wrote this book to lure you into the sport that we love — no matter how you came to turn that first page.

Depending on your familiarity with sailing, you may want to begin by reading Chapter 1 or Chapter 5 or Chapter 15 — the choice is up to you. If we write about something important that we cover in more depth elsewhere, we tell you where to turn. We think so. Chapter 1 takes a broad overview of the sport, looks at the different types of sailboats and some of their basic parts, and introduces the basics of sailing. Chapter 2 covers your options of where to go to discover sailing. In Chapter 4, you step aboard a boat and prepare the sails and gear for your first adventure afloat, powered by the force of the wind.

Part II: Casting Off and Sailing Away This section is the meat of the book for the new sailor. Chapter 5 is the big kahuna, covering the principles of sailing: Chapter 6 wraps up the basics by showing you how to sail away from a dock or mooring and how to launch your boat from a trailer, ramp, or beach.

We show you where the safest spots are to enjoy your ride, how to rescue a man overboard, and how to get going again if your boat tips over. Chapter 8 is great for anyone interested in weather which, by the way, includes all sailors. Identifying the weather helps you know whether those dark clouds on the horizon are going to dump rain on you, bring wind, or both. And Chapter 9 covers navigation, including how to read charts, plot your course, use a compass, and find your position while at sea without having to stop at the nearest gas station for directions.

Chapter 10 focuses on anchoring. Even powerboaters need to know the information in Chapters 7 through 10 before heading out on the water. Part III: Sailing Fast — Taking Your Sailing to the Next Level We intend the first two chapters of this section to be most helpful for intermediate and advanced sailors who have at least a season of sailing under their belts.

Chapter 11 provides plenty of tips to sailing faster, including surfing waves and sailing catamarans — those speedy boats with two hulls. Chapter 12 introduces you to the subtleties of adjusting the shape of your sails. This chapter also shows you how to use a spinnaker — that colorful sail for going fast downwind.

Chapter 13 acquaints you with our favorite world of sailboat racing. Introduction Part IV: Chapter 14 covers what to do on an unlucky day: In Chapter 15, we introduce you to the basics of maintenance — keeping your ship in shape.

Chapter 16 helps you enjoy sailing with children, because you get to go sailing more often if your family enjoys the sport, too. Chapter 17 introduces you to the great world of chartering renting sailboats and going cruising. Affordable boats are available for charter in exotic locations around the world. Part V: Sailboats always have plenty of rope, and Chapter 19 reminds you how to tie those knots you practiced in Girl or Boy Scouts and tells you which one to use when.

Chapter 20 poses ten questions to help you find the right boat for you. Chapter 21 has a list of ten of our favorite things about sailing. Part VI: Appendixes Appendix A has a glossary with all the sailing lingo you need to impress your friends and sound like a yachtie. Appendix B covers first aid afloat — from what to have in your first-aid kit to how to handle the most common medical problems at sea. Those icons do more than just break up the white space; they tell you something about that particular paragraph.

As a sailor, you need to have a healthy respect for the power of the wind and the sea. Peter also has a few stories to tell, and we use this icon to point those stories out.

Store it in your brain for quick recall at a later time. This icon, shaped like one of the life jackets you read about in Chapter 3, highlights advice to help keep you and your loved ones safe. These tips can help you find the easy way.

Where to Go from Here Where you start is up to you. But do start somewhere. The faster you start, the faster we can share our love of sailing with you. Who knows? If this intimidating vision has kept you from beginning to sail, this part is for you. We formally introduce you to a sailboat and then show you where you can take sailing lessons — from regular people and with regular people.

We also dispel those blue-blazer myths and answer that incredibly important question that mankind ponders every morning — what to wear? Finally in this part, we look at what you need to know before you leave the dock. Chapter 1 Ready, Set, Go: We are tied to the ocean.

And when we go back to the sea, whether it is to sail or to watch it — we are going back from whence we came. Kennedy W ater covers nearly three-quarters of the planet. Over the course of human history, the oceans as well as lakes and rivers have served as pathways upon which trade and civilization have developed. Getting away from shore, you feel a link to those ancient mariners who set off for undiscovered lands.

Why are humans drawn to the sea? President John F. Kennedy had a poetic answer. Generations before you have felt the call of the wind and waves, beckoning to accept their offer of unknown possibilities — adventure and serenity.

And this chapter shows you that getting out on the water is easier than you think. Sailing is harnessing the power of Mother Nature, and sailors need a healthy respect for her power.

So in this section, we cover some important weather and safety considerations you need to know before you start sailing. Also in this section, we encourage you to begin your sailing career by taking lessons from a qualified instructor — we both did — so you can focus on learning the basic moves while the instructor makes sure the conditions are suitable for learning.

Taking lessons You can find sailboats near almost every body of water. Most boats longer than 15 feet 5 meters are meant to be sailed with more than one person, and the average foot 9-meter sailboat is best sailed with at least four crew members.

So go down to the local marina, check out the bulletin board, and ask around. The offers you get to go sailing may pleasantly surprise you. Although having friends to take you sailing can make practicing and progressing easy, we strongly recommend taking lessons from a sailing school with certified instructors before you head out on your own.

In Chapter 2, we help you find the right sailing course for any experience level. Location, location, location You can probably guess that the weather and water conditions in a given area affect the sailing possibilities, and that most sailors put away their sailing clothes in wintertime in the snowy latitudes whilst Southern Californians can sail year round. Time to Start Sailing wheels.

Sailing For Dummies

Assuming that you plan to go sailing on regular, salt or fresh, nonfrozen water, then your main concerns are twofold: Some areas have very consistent conditions during a particular season, and others are more variable. In some places, a typically windy spot and a calm location may be less than a mile apart due to some geographic feature. We encourage new sailors to start out, if possible, in steady light-to-medium winds and protected calm waters — and a sailing school knows where and when to find those conditions in your area.

But as you gain experience, you can enjoy sailing in more challenging conditions — such as windy Chicago or San Francisco in midsummer, cruising in foggy Maine, or blasting down the Molokai Channel in Hawaii.

Look around for a nearby flag and use its direction as a clue. In Chapter 5, we show you how to develop your feel for sensing the wind direction and staying aware of any shifts without having the local weatherman on your speed dial. When the wind direction changes or you change course, you need to change your sail trim, or the angle of your sails to the wind, as you see in Chapter 5.

No matter how constant the weather seems on shore, the wind is frequently shifting both speed and direction. Staying aware of these changes is important for your safety and comfort while sailing.

Listen to the local marine forecast before a day of sailing to help you avoid getting caught in unpleasant and potentially dangerous conditions on the water — such as thunderstorms or thick fog. You can also check out Chapter 8, which discusses important weather-related information you need to know before heading out. Before You Get Your Feet Wet Considering safety Before going out on the water, you need to consider some safety issues and be prepared with basic safety gear, especially life jackets.

Chapter 7 covers other essential safety information, such as safely recovering a person who falls overboard and getting a capsized dinghy upright and sailing again. Looking at a Sailboat Sailboats come in all sizes, shapes, and types. All sailing craft, big or small, have at least one and sometimes more of the following components, which we outline in the following sections: What floats your boat?

Density is expressed as mass per unit volume. The density of freshwater is Saltwater is denser at 64 pounds per cubic foot, so a given object can float better or higher in saltwater than in freshwater. The weight of a boat is also called its displacement, because the boat displaces or pushes aside a volume of water equal to its weight. An object with a very light displacement, such as a surfboard, lies on top of the water like a leaf. A boat with a heavy displacement sits lower in the water, displacing more water to stay afloat.

You can build boats of nonbuoyant denser-than-water materials, such as steel or concrete, as long as you design them with enough volume so that their total density is less than the density of the water.

As proof of that principle, consider that an empty aluminum soda can floats, but the same can sinks if you flatten it and decrease its volume. Chapter 1: Time to Start Sailing All sailboats have a hull The hull is ideally the floating body of a boat, and it can be made of a wide variety of materials, including wood, fiberglass, metal, plastic — even cement. The hull can be as small as a surfboard or more than feet 30 meters long. You can get a good idea about how fast a boat is by how it looks.

Sailboats fall into three basic types based on their hull shape, as Figure illustrates. Figure Three types of sailboats: These boats are basically surfboards with a sail. They come in many different sizes and shapes, depending on their intended use and the skill level of the rider. Sailboarding is a great way to enjoy the sport with equipment that you can throw on the roof of your car.

For fun, recreational sailing as opposed to racing , we love sailboarding more than any other aspect of our sport. For those of you who doubt the aerobic benefits of the sport of sailing, try windsurfing for an afternoon.

We promise that every muscle in your body will be tired afterward. For more on sailboarding, check out Chapter A boat with two hulls is called a catamaran; a boat with three hulls, a trimaran. You can find out more about sailing a small catamaran, often referred to as a cat [without the fur] in Chapter Bigger multihulls more than 30 feet, or 9 meters can be great cruising boats. Huge, foot- meter- plus multihulls compete in races across oceans and hold most of the point-to-point, long-distance sailing speed records, including sailing nonstop around the world in 50 days!

For more on the fast world of offshore racing, see Chapter These sailboats are the most common type of boat, and they have one hull still makes sense, right? Most sailing schools teach their basic sailing classes in monohulls — either dinghies or keelboats although some specialty schools, often in tropical climes, teach sailboarding skills. For more on learning how to sail, including types of boats and where to find a good school, check out Chapter 2.

The typical marina is full of monohull keelboats of all shapes and sizes. If you compare these water-based crafts to their land-based cousins, sailboards are the skateboards, dinghies are the bicycles, and keelboats are the cars. And multihulls? The fastest ones are airplanes! All sailboats have an underwater fin Hanging underneath the back end of most sailboats except sailboards is a rotating fin called a rudder.

The rudder does just what you think it does — it steers the boat. Underneath the middle of most sailboats is a second, larger, fin called a keel or centerboard. Comparing keelboats and dinghies The primary purpose of both keels and centerboards is to keep the boat from skidding sideways from the force of the wind and to provide lift so your boat can sail closer to the wind. When sailing, your sails and the underwater fins act like wings. Keelboats have a keel, a fixed, heavy lead fin for ballast hanging under their hull, as Figure shows, providing stability against the Chapter 1: The smallest keelboats are model sometimes radiocontrolled sailboats, but keelboats that carry human passengers are usually more than 20 feet 6 meters in length.

Keels and rudders come in different shapes and configurations. The photo at left is common, while the right photo has twin rudders and a canting ballast fin and bulb. Dinghies are nimble, small sailboats that are typically more responsive than their ballasted cousins sporting keels. But watch out — dinghies can capsize, or tip over. Most dinghies range in length from 8 to 20 feet 2. Two dinghies: Rudder Centerboard rotates to retract. Rudder Daggerboard retracts vertically.

Well, those rudders shown in Figures and are connected to either a tiller, a long lever arm that allows you to turn the rudder, or a wheel, which is attached to cables that turn the rudder.

Generally, smaller boats have tillers, and bigger boats have wheels, because bigger boats have greater force on the rudder and would require an enormous lever arm. A boat with a wheel steers just like your car — turn left to go left, right to go right.

But you push a tiller to the right to turn left and to the left to go to the right. Check out Chapter 4 for more on steering. All sailboats have a mast The mast is the vertical pole that supports the sails, as the dinghy shows in Figure Although most modern sailboats have just one mast, some sailboats have several masts that can carry many sails. Remember the pictures of the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria in your history textbook? You may have heard of square riggers, schooners, or yawls.

These types of sailing craft are named for the number and position of their masts and the profile of the sails. If you want to know how to identify these cool, usually older, antiquated sailboats, check out the glossary. Although older boats have wooden masts, most modern boats have masts made of aluminum, which is easier to mass-produce into a lighter and stronger pole.

For the ultimate in strength and light weight, the fastest racing boats use carbon fiber. On bigger boats, an array of wires usually supports the mast. These wires are called the standing rigging see the forestay, backstay, and shrouds on the keelboat in Figure The basic parts of a dinghy.

Rudder Daggerboard All sailboats have sails The mast and standing rigging supports the third and most common feature of sailboats — the sails. A sail is simply a big piece of fabric that catches the wind, enabling you to use its force to move the boat.

The sails are your engines — their power or fuel comes from the wind. The main, or mainsail, sets along the back edge of the tallest mast. Some boats carry only a mainsail, while others have a headsail as well. A headsail sets in front of the mast. Headsails come in different types, but the most common is a jib. See Figures and for the basic parts of a dinghy and a keelboat.

The basic parts of a keelboat. Rudder Keel You can use one of many types of specialty sails to make a boat go as fast as possible at different angles to the wind. A common specialty headsail is the spinnaker — a big, colorful, parachute-like sail used when sailing downwind going with the wind , which you can see how to fly in Chapter Time to Start Sailing Not all sails are created equal Back in the old days of square riggers, sails were made out of cotton.

They were heavy and very stretchy. Today, most sails are made out of a polyester fiber called Dacron. But high-tech racing boats have sails made out of exotic, lightweight, yet strong materials, such as Mylar, carbon fiber, and Kevlar the fabric in bulletproof vests.

Constructed out of carbon fiber and other very strong and light materials, this hard wing was really a mast and sail all wrapped up in one. Because of its threedimensional wing shape and innovative shape controls, it was extremely fast — and we won the Cup! But at the end of each day of sailing, the boat had to be carefully tipped on its side using a huge hydraulic contraption to hide the wing from any swirl of wind behind a wall.

All sailboats have lots of rope When a sailboat is rigged prepared and ready to go sailing , all the ropes used to raise and adjust the sails can look like spaghetti. Even the simplest sailboat has several adjustment ropes, and each has its own name. So the only line that you need to know to start sailing is the sheet — the primary line that adjusts the sail trim the angle of the sail to the wind , referred to with the sail it adjusts for example, mainsheet and jib sheet.

Depending on the wind strength and the size of the sails, pulling in the mainsheet and most of the other lines can be a tough job.

Most boats use a system of blocks, or pulleys, to make pulling in the lines that carry a lot of load easier. In a sailboat, the wind is your fuel, and the sail is your engine. So the gas pedal is the sheet shown in Figure , the rope that pulls in the sail and harnesses the power of the wind. Mainsheet system on a dinghy. Tackling Some Basic Sailing Maneuvers Now that you know the basic components of a sailboat, you may have some basic questions.

Time to Start Sailing anchor, or take other drastic measures. Essentially, a sailboat has no brake. Heavier boats take longer to slow down because of momentum.

Some new sailors get nervous when the sails start luffing, or flapping — the sails are loud, and the sheets attached to the sails can start whipping around if conditions are windy. But relax.

Sailing For Dummies

Luffing sails produce no power, and the boat gently decelerates. So just stay low and out of the path of the flapping sail and that hard boom , as Figure shows. Beware of getting hit in the head with the boom when the sail luffs.

You must remember to duck under the boom as it comes across the boat. Arc of Boom Sailing into the wind You may wonder if you can sail anywhere. Our answer is yes, you can sail anywhere! You can even sail to a point directly into the wind, but not by just steering straight there. If you try steering your boat directly into the wind, your sails luff, and you slow down and come to a stop. So to sail to a point directly upwind, you must take an indirect zigzag route, as Figure shows.

First, the zig: Pull in your sails with their sheets as hard as you can and then steer a course as close as you can to the wind direction without having the sails flap. Halfway to your destination, the time comes to zag and perform the basic sailing maneuver of tacking.

Check out Chapter 5 for more about tacking and other basic maneuvers.

A tack entails about a degree course change. But as you continue your turn, the sails refill with the wind now blowing across the opposite side. To sail to a destination directly upwind, you must take an indirect route. Pull sails in all the way and head up as far as you can without sails luffing.

Your sails luff and have no power.

Where You Can Go with Sailing You can enjoy the wonderful sport of sailing in so many different ways. Sailing has taken us all over the world. Sailing has romance, travel, excitement, and moonlit nights in secluded coves with the sounds of the waves lapping against the hull. Of course, our seaborne romance also brought diapers, college saving funds, book deadlines, and mortgage payments — ah, yes, sailing has brought so much to our lives. And it can bring wonderful adventures to your life too — if you just turn the page.

The way of an eagle in the air; The way of a serpent upon a rock; The way of a ship in the midst of the sea; And the way of a man with a maid. Sailing is a very accessible sport if you know where to begin.

Believe it or not, plenty of people would love to introduce you to the joys of sailing. Depending on where you live, how old you are, and who you know, you may have any number of options. This chapter answers some key questions you may have, such as where you can go to get started in sailing and what type of boat to start on. We highly recommend attending sailing school, and we help you choose the right one for you.

This chapter looks at all your options for finding out about this great sport. The following list provides a few different ways you can start discovering more about this great sport, but we strongly recommend that beginners take classes from a certified sailing school: But unless your friend is a certified sailing instructor with plenty of free time to dedicate to your education, you should probably just enjoy the ride and plan on getting your first formal training from a professional sailing instructor.

Many books have been written on all aspects of sailing — from sailing basics to classic sea adventures. Chapter 16 lists some of the books that inspired us.

A number of great sailing magazines offer a combination of instruction, entertainment, and feature stories for the sailor. Our favorite is Sailing World because it focuses on the racing aspect of the sport and Peter is the editor at large. Like many sports, sailing is part mental and part physical. You can study its theories from an article, a book, or in a classroom, but you can only discover some things with the wind in your face and your hand on the tiller or ropes. downloading or borrowing a boat and teaching yourself to sail is entirely possible.

We devote an entire chapter of this book to safety afloat Chapter 7 and provide safety tips throughout all the other chapters too. Practice on your own, but learn the basics from a qualified instructor first.

We feel very strongly that despite all the options, you should get your education from a pro. What Kind of Boat You Should Learn On Not only can you choose where and how to start your sailing studies, but you may have a choice of what kind of boat to start on. But then again, we started as kids, and almost all junior sailing Chapter 2: Classes and Sailing Schools programs use dinghies. Dinghies are smaller boats usually under 20 feet, or 6 meters, long with a retractable centerboard; they can also tip over.

Keelboats are usually longer than 20 feet with fixed keels that provide extra stability. The bottom line: Consider the pluses and minuses of dinghies and keelboats we outline in this section, and then go take lessons from the best instructor you can find! Dinghies Many sailing schools and junior programs instruct beginners in small to foot, or 3- to 4-meter, long one-person boats; others use larger two- or three-person dinghies, as Figure shows.

Ideally the boat has a relatively stable hull shape not too tippy and a conservative amount of sail area. No need to break any speed records on your first sail! At left, kids on a trainer dinghy; at right, a singlehanded Optimist dinghy next to an E keelboat. You can really feel the boat sail. On most dinghies especially the singleperson variety , the helmsman must do more than just steer, providing you with a more complete understanding of how everything works.

Cons Starting to sail on a dinghy does have the following disadvantages: We cover that subject in Chapter 7. Typically, you sit lower to the water in a dinghy than on a keelboat, and being wet can be uncomfortable.

Check out Chapter 3 for some clothing ideas to stay more comfortable in the inevitable dampness of sailing. Having the instructor with you is an option, but some small dinghies get pretty cramped with two people on board. Often, the instructor follows you in a motorboat, shouting advice as needed. Keelboats Most commercial sailing schools that cater primarily to adults use small 20to foot, or 6- to 9-meter keelboats as their introductory training vessel.

Ideally, the boat has a large, open cockpit area capable of holding a class of one to four students plus an instructor, as Figure shows. Chapter 2: Classes and Sailing Schools Figure Pros Advantages to starting off on a keelboat include the following: Getting instant feedback is nice.

Plus, studying with other students on board can be fun. On a keelboat with several crew, one person can drive while another adjusts the sail.

Removing the constant distraction of possibly capsizing enables students to concentrate on sailing. One of the decisions you have to make when figuring out how to sail on any boat is where to sit see Chapter 4. If the wind dies, or if no wind is in the harbor, you can start up the engine and make your way to the good sailing water more quickly. Cons If you choose to start your sailing career on a keelboat, remember the following disadvantages: The heavier the boat, the bigger the sails and the more load on all the control ropes.

So the boat may be rigged with devices like winches to provide mechanical advantage. Steering wheels are normally used on larger more than 40 feet, or 12 meters, long keelboats, and some smaller ones have them too.

But tillers provide a much better feel of the boat and the water flowing past, so you probably have more fun sailing on a boat with a tiller. Keeping It Easy the First Time Here are the ideal conditions for learning to sail, in order of priority: For more on wind strength, see Chapter 8. Ideally stay in an area protected from surf, swells, and wind-blown waves. Air and water temperatures higher than 70 degrees Fahrenheit 21 degrees Celsius are nice; temperatures in the 80s Fahrenheit upper 20s to low 30s Celsius are sheer paradise!

Classes and Sailing Schools Sailing for everyone Thanks to some big developments in assistive technology, people with all kinds and levels of disabilities are getting out on the water and taking sailing lessons. Personal lifts give wheelchair users a needed boost from the dock onto the boat, as the following figure shows.

Boats also have special modifications: Counter-balanced swivel chairs are available for people with limited mobility, and talking compasses and GPS systems allow the sight impaired to navigate. In our hometown, a nonprofit group, Challenged America www. Sailing has been a full medal sport in the Paralympics since Thanks to many great organizations around the country that provide access to the water for the differently abled, when we say sailing is for everyone and anyone, we really mean it!

Of course, if you live in Stockholm, you may have to wait a long time for the air and water temperatures to get that warm. So as long as you dress warmly see Chapter 3 for ideas , the key conditions are the first three: In contrast, too much wind is a bad thing for beginners. Yacht clubs, universities, and some charter-boat rental companies may also offer instruction.

In the United States, two organizations oversee national educational programs that certify instructors and provide schools with curriculum and standards.

PDF Sailing For Dummies

You can contact each of them to receive a list of accredited schools. Founded in Peter was one of the founders and remains on the board of directors , the ASA phone: This educational system is highly regarded in the field of sailing education, and major charter-boat companies recognize ASA certification. More than commercial sailing schools are affiliated with the ASA and offer student certification to the multilevel ASA program, which begins with Basic Keelboat Sailing many accredited schools also offer instruction in dinghies.

US Sailing phone: Its primary role for more than a century has been to oversee the racing side of the sport, including the U.

Olympic Sailing Team, which JJ was on in and US Sailing is the U. US Sailing has long been involved in yacht club junior-sailing programs due to its focus on racing. US Sailing also has an instructor-certification program.

Classes and Sailing Schools Taking lessons while on vacation Why not take sailing lessons during your vacation to an exotic and warm waterfront location?

Such vacations are a great way to find the time in your busy schedule to get out on the water and figure out which way the wind is blowing. Our favorite sailing school in paradise is the Bitter End Yacht Club www. Thousands and thousands of more experienced sailors take sailing vacations by chartering renting boats.

We cover that sort of ultimate vacation in Chapter The International Sailing Federation www. National sailing organizations should be able to provide you with a list of accredited schools. You can also find a list of schools at the International Sailing School Association www. Otherwise, you can always ask for recommendations from local sailors or marine businesses. Interviewing a potential school If you decide to go to a school, you need to pick the right one for you.

Besides asking the obvious question about how much it costs, you want to find out as much about the prospective school as possible. This short section provides you with some factors to consider about different sailing schools during your selection process: Does the introductory course offer certification to a national standard? Are the instructors certified? If only some of them are, make sure that your instructor is certified to one of the national standards.

What kind of boat does the school use? Dinghy or keelboat? Wheel or tiller? Check out Chapter 1 for more information on these boat specifics. How many students will be on the boat? Can you take private lessons? Having other students on the boat with you has advantages and disadvantages. The typical dinghy is sailed alone or with one other student while the instructor follows behind on a powerboat. How much wind is too much for the entrylevel course? Does it have any swimming requirements?

What do you need to bring? Most schools provide life jackets but not foul-weather gear.

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