[15th June, ] An Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of. The right to information act was passed in the year the period of the implementation of the RTI Act i.e. October onwards, it has. Right to Information Act, was promulgated in to promote During the course of evolving of the RTI Act, , Department of Personnel and Training.
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The Right To Information Act, A Summary. Compiled by – Venkatesh Nayak and Charmaine Rodrigues. The Right to Information Bill was introduced in the. functioning and also to contain corruption and to hold Governments and their instrumentalities accountable to the governed'. Right to Information Act PDF | Privacy is a key component of individual autonomy, and a voluminous literature has Because the Right to Information Act () permits citizens to gain.
Powers and functions of Information Commission. Protection of action taken in good faith. Act to have overriding effect. Bar of jurisdiction of courts. Act not to apply to certain organizations. Monitoring and reporting. Appropriate Government to prepare programmes. Power to make rules by Appropriate Government. Power to make rules by competent authority. Laying of rules.
Power to remove difficulties. Research and Analysis Wing of the Cabinet Secretariat. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence.
Central Economic Intelligence Bureau. The Act also requires every public authority to computerise their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally.
This law was passed by Parliament on 15 June and came fully into force on 12 October Every day, over RTI applications are filed.
In the first ten years of the commencement of the act over 17,, applications have been filed. Right to Information codifies a fundamental right of the citizens of India. RTI has proven to be very useful, but is counteracted by the Whistleblowers Act. It covers all the constitutional authorities, including executive, legislature and judiciary; any institution or body established or constituted by an act of Parliament or a state legislature.
It is also defined in the Act that bodies or authorities established or constituted by order or notification of appropriate government including bodies "owned, controlled or substantially financed" by government, or non-Government organizations "substantially financed, directly or indirectly by funds".
Private bodies are not within the Act's ambit directly. In a decision of Sarbjit roy vs Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission ,  the Central Information Commission also reaffirmed that privatised public utility companies fall within the purview of RTI.
Currently no parties are under the RTI Act and there has a case been filed for bringing all political parties under it. A citizen who desires to seek some information from a public authority is required to send, along with the application a Postal order or DD Demand draft or a bankers cheque payable to the Accounts Officer of the public authority as fee prescribed for seeking information. The Right to information in India has been mired with controversies ranging from their use in political battles, asking for educational degrees of political rivals, or cases of blatant refusals to provide information on high-profile projects to allegations of misuse by civil society.
Though there are recent efforts on digital governance, Right to Information implementation has seen a digitalisation neglect even after 11 years of its enactment.
A recent research on 'BallotBoxIndia' outlines that though central ministries are covered by a single Digital window to file Right to Information requests with integrated payment gateways and tracking mechanism none of the states have, as of yet, come forward to implement their versions or use the existing Right to Information Digital Infrastructure. Researchers in the study focussed on the Digital implementation and asked about plans or timeline to provide such facility. The research also covers in details - the difficulty in filing manual Right to Information requests with the states with delays ranging many months of wait time and various follow ups and rejections.
Every state in India has different rules and fee structures to file an application through registered post without any tracking mechanism as covered in details in the report. Researchers and activists have been proposing changes to make the process easier, efficient and meaningful.
One of it demands state and central information systems under one Digital System to streamline information flow and provide proactive information backed by streamlined mandatory reporting.
The Right to information RTI Act was touted as one law which would bring in transparency and eradicate corruption by civil society direct involvement. India being a federal state has many items in concurrent list and projects have multiple departments working on them, and sometimes projects are moved from one department to another.
With Central and State information commissions working in such a disconnect, and manual transfers of the request for information between departments lead to big delays, confusion, and loss of traceability.
It not only denies timely information, creates high barriers to information only a few with very strong motivations and means can cross, but puts a common citizen at the risk by exposing them directly to the departments and agencies which they are trying to find information on. Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative CHRI data points to over cases  across India where people were either attacked, murdered, physically or mentally harassed or had their property damaged because of the information they sought under RTI.
The data throws up over 50 alleged murders and two suicides that were directly linked with RTI applications filed. There is a consensus felt that there is a need to amend the RTI Act to provide for the protection of those seeking information under the Act. Many civil society members have recently alleged the subversion of the right to information Act by the invocation of Intellectual Property rights argument by the government agencies from time to time.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Indian federal law. For freedom of information in other countries, see Freedom of information legislation.