Illustrations by Allan Sanders LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING IN PUBLICATION DATA Watanabe, Ken. Problem solving a. Problem solving a simple book for smart people / Ken Watanabe. p. cm. problem solver isn't just an ability; it's a whole mind-set, one that drives people to . The fun and simple problem-solving guide that took Japan by storm. Ken Watanabe originally wrote Problem Solving for Japanese schoolchildren. His goal.
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Problem Solving started out as a simple guide to teach Japanese readers of all ages, thanks to the powerful effectiveness of Ken Watanabe's unique m. Editorial Reviews. Review. "Problem Solving teaches us to recognize the common Ken Watanabe originally wrote Problem Solving for Japanese. Ken Watanabe originally wrote Problem Solving for Japanese schoolchildren. His goal was to help shift the focus in Japanese education from memorization.
Why would I go? Last, Eggplant and Tofu interview five people to find out why some people stop attending the concerts and if more of their fans are likely to drop out in the future.
You guys should be a professional band!
I am going to brag to everyone that I was at your first show! Of course, I am going to go to every one of your concerts! I cried a bit when she sang the ballad. But, all the songs you guys performed were the same all three times. If you guys keep playing the same songs, the crowd may start getting bored. The two were so happy to get feedback directly from their fans.
It appears as though these two are starting to think like professional musicians. Their key finding in these interviews was the fact that the crowd will get bored and may stop coming if they continue to play the same songs over and over again. Next, they interview the three people who stopped coming and ask them why they no longer show up.
By collecting information and conducting analyses, Eggplant and Tofu have disproved their hypothesis and now have a better understanding of the root cause for their lack of concert attendance.
Now they are one step closer to achieving their goal of making Miss Mushroom happy by filling up the gymnasium. Develop the Solution 2A. Now they have to move on to developing solutions. Throughout their interviews and analyses, the two realized that they not only need to let people know about the concert; they have to make them want to come as well.
They create a logic tree to help them list the different ways they could get the word out about their show. As you can see, there are many ways to communicate—including newspapers and magazines, message boards, and e-mail—that could be much more effective than just the two of them simply telling people about the show in person.
Even if some ideas sound kind of crazy, they may actually lead to interesting and creative solutions. The key rule here is to list as much as possible and then prioritize later. Once Eggplant and Tofu write down all the ideas they can think of, they highlight the potentially interesting communication tools on their logic tree and have an intense discussion on how to best use them to effectively bring people to their concerts.
As they go through their options, the two keep in mind their need not just to raise awareness but also to make people want to come to the concerts. For example, when they communicate through the high school radio program, if they announce just the date, time, and location of the concert, all they will do is raise awareness. By staying focused on both these goals, Eggplant and Tofu are making use of the knowledge they gained in the analysis process.
If they ignore all that their data tells them, all their work would be for naught. They checked off whether each action would 1 make people aware of the show, and 2 make people actually want to attend. Eggplant and Tofu added three additional actions to their list based on the findings from their interviews. They decided to change the starting time of the concert and also figured out a way to keep the concert fresh. This is what they came up with: Now they have thirteen ideas.
But can they implement all of them with less than one month until the next concert? Some of the ideas are time consuming and laborious, and others will require some money to execute.
Eggplant and Tofu are operating with limited time and money. They decide to make their key criteria the potential impact of the action and its ease of implementation, as you can see in the matrix on page To create the matrix, they rated the impact, from high to low, on the vertical axis.
On the horizontal axis, they plotted the ease of implementation, from hard to easy. The best solutions fall in the top right box, with high impact and easy implementation.
The least effective solutions fall in the lower left box, with low impact and hard implementation. The impact of this action should be very high: However, the ease of implementation is hard because it will take a lot of time to set up and play in each of the twelve classrooms. Therefore, Eggplant and Tofu put it in the top left box of the matrix. Where should they plot this action? The impact is low because very few people look at the message board on any given day, and even if some people were to read the concert details, this will only raise their awareness.
However, the ease of implementation is easy because all they have to do is write the details on the message boards. Therefore, Eggplant and Tofu plotted it in the lower right box.
Their first priority should be the actions in the top right box because their impact is high and the ease of implementation is easy. The next priorities are the actions in the top left or bottom right boxes. The least attractive are the ones in the bottom left box. Eggplant and Tofu have been prioritizing their actions based on the assumption that they would be doing everything on their own.
However, what if they seek help from others? For example, take number 4 Make cool posters and put them up around school. None of the members of the Mushroom Lovers are good at art, and none has experience creating posters, so they plotted it in the left bottom box low impact and hard ease of implementation.
He would be able to create a really cool one easily! However, they know there must be someone in their class who knows how to create one. They can also ask someone to help them out with number 10 Create a website. By getting help from others, they were able to pursue all thirteen ideas. People have different strengths. You can accomplish more by collaborating with others who have strengths you may lack.
While Eggplant and Tofu were able to implement all their ideas, that is not always the case. Remember to prioritize your actions and then develop your implementation plan. The month until the next show quickly passed, and Miss Mushroom, Eggplant, and Tofu took the stage once again.
It sounded like someone had hit the Mute button on a giant TV remote. The Mushroom Lovers looked nervously out into the darkened gymnasium. Then the room quickly filled with the sound of clapping and cheering. It was so loud the gymnasium started shaking. Two hundred people came to watch the concert! The three band mates looked bashfully at one another. Their eyes were all filled with tears.
Why are you crying!? By raising awareness to 90 percent and getting 50 percent of the people who knew about the show to come, Eggplant and Tofu drew in more than people. Once they lay out a plan for achieving a dream, they then figure out the most effective way to achieve each smaller goal and to take the actions needed. John dreams of going to Hollywood and becoming an animator and a movie director working in computer-generated imagery.
For now, his first goal is to download a computer that will help him learn CGI animation. Set a clear goal. Determine the gap between the goal and the current situation. Form a hypothesis about how to close the gap and achieve the goal. Check the hypothesis. Go back to step 3 if the hypothesis is disproved. John went with his friend Sarah to see a CGI movie the other day, and he loved it.
The animation was great, and the characters looked so real he could have sworn they were alive. It was a great story, too. Now he wants to become a Hollywood CGI movie director. John has no clue how to create computer-generated animation. So first he needs to figure out how to download a computer. He knows he needs to come up with a great plan! STEP 1: So what should his goal be? What was your answer?
It is important to be more specific.
In the second example, these details are clarified. There are many different types of computers out there. Some are fine for e- mailing and composing documents. Others are better for CGI use, but they can be more expensive. Now he has a specific goal and a number to shoot for. Next he needs to specify when he wants it. The best way for him to close the gap between his current situation no computer and his goal download a computer changes depending on when he actually needs the computer.
If he just wants a computer within the next three years, he may be able to download it by simply saving his money. However, if he wants to download it within the next six months, he may have to do more than save. He may have to look for new sources of income.
If you have specific conditions for achieving your goal, you should include them in the goal statement. The more specific the goal is, the more specific the action plan will be. When do I want to achieve it? What specific conditions do I have? Step 2: Determine the Gap Between the Goal and Current Situation Once you set a clear goal, you need to identify the gap between your goal and your current situation. If the gap is small, the solution may be very obvious. But if the gap is large, you may have to really think through how to achieve the goal.
Will John be able to download the computer if he maintains his current level of income and spending? To figure this out, he needs to calculate his projected savings in six months at the current rate. Projected savings in six months: Form a Hypothesis 3A.
So what should he do? Take a moment to list a few ideas. Be specific as possible. What did you come up with? Were you able to think of a wide variety of ideas?
It might be tempting to come up with a list like this: The second is not specific enough, and the third seems like a long shot. Some people might just give up at this point and decide it will be impossible to save the extra money.
However, by using the logic tree introduced in Class 1, you will be able to come up with a wide variety of more specific ideas. He created two new branches: You can cut a branch out of your logic tree if the idea is clearly not effective or feasible, or if it goes against your values.
By cutting out branches and highlighting what he sees as the best ideas on the tree, John is able to come up with a hypothesis: However, John does not know what job Kevin actually has, whether he has the capability to do the same job, and whether such a job is even available.
But when you set a clear hypothesis and rationale, you are more able to collect information and conduct analyses efficiently, and discover if your hypothesis is true. Using it to clarify your conclusion and rationale before diving into data collection and analysis will improve your productivity dramatically. The basic structure places the conclusion or main message at the top and lists the supporting rationales on the bottom, like the supporting bricks of a pyramid.
Rearrange the boxes in each of the following problems to create a pyramid structure that shows the relationship between them. There are two main types of hypothesis pyramid: Problem 1 above is an example of the grouping structure. For the grouping structure, even if one of the supporting building blocks proves to be wrong, the argument still holds. Problem 2 is an example of an argument structure. Salmon are good swimmers. Unlike the grouping structure, with an argument structure, if one of the statements is untrue, the main conclusion is automatically false.
Step 4: Check the hypothesis 4A. As you can see in the following, John used a problem-solving design plan to clarify the issues, his hypotheses and rationale, and the analyses and information required. He will create a list of his downloads from his receipts, using his memory to fill in any gaps. By separating his downloads into categories, he will get a better idea of what he should cut and how much the impact will be.
He comes up with similar plans of actions for the other two hypotheses, as shown in the design plan above. Now it is clear what he has to do: First he tries to figure out how much he can reduce his spending. How much can John reduce his spending?
He starts by trying to remember and list everything he bought in the past three months: What else? Next he figures out how much he spent on average each month on each type of download and creates the following pie chart: When he looks at the pie chart, John realizes that his hypothesis that he could reduce most of his spending by not downloading CDs and video games is wrong.
He actually spends the most money on sports drinks and comic books. Even though they are less expensive than the CDs and video games, he downloads them much more frequently.
John is troubled by his findings. And my favorite comic books, too? Things John could give up: Like the Mushroom Lovers in the previous class, John uses a matrix to organize his thoughts: As you can see, he ranks average spending per month on the vertical axis. On the horizontal axis, he places items he cannot give up on the left and items he can give up on the right.
When he plots his downloads on the matrix, it immediately becomes clear that he should give up CDs and video games. They fall in the top right box, On the other hand, candy falls in the bottom left box, meaning he does not spend a lot on it and does not want to give it up.
But how about comic books and sports drinks? Although he does not want to give them up, if he can reduce these costs, they will have a large impact on his overall spending.
John decides to brainstorm ways he can cut back on these downloads. He comes up with some brilliant ideas. Instead of downloading sports drinks at the baseball diamond, he realizes he can download a much cheaper powdered sports drink mix, make it at home, and bring it to his baseball games in a water jug. He also decides to codownload comic books with his friend. He figures out that these changes will cut his sports drink and comic book spending by 50 percent.
How much can John make by selling unnecessary assets? So he searches his room and his basement to find items he and his family no longer need. He starts with his room. He finds a bunch of comic books and a brand-new dictionary that he has never used. He prefers to use the dictionary online. Next he heads down to the basement. Pushing aside cobwebs, he finds a golf bag his father won at a company event, a baseball glove he used to use when he was in elementary school, and a bunch of old clothes that no longer fit him.
Let me give these to him. I think he would be really happy! In fact, she thanks him for cleaning out the basement. John jumps for joy. He runs to the local sporting goods store to see how much money he can get for the golf bag.
Now he needs to find a higher-paying job to close the rest of the gap. How much can John increase his income by switching jobs? John starts out by asking five of his friends about what they do for their part-time jobs and how much they get paid. Take a minute to consider these responses. What conclusions can we draw? Next he visited his neighbors to find out what kind of jobs may be currently available. So should John give up, or is there a way for him to close the remaining gap?
As you can see, John lives in a town with very low wages for students. John is just about ready to throw in the towel, but first he tries to come up with a creative way to increase his income without working more hours. Suddenly, he has an inspired idea. I once saw somebody doing that in New York City! John has come far and now has a great plan!
He set a clear goal, figured out the gap between his goal and his current situation, formed hypotheses on how he could close that gap, and checked his hypotheses to make sure they would work. Now he has reached the most critical step: The impact of your actions is determined by the following equation: You need both. Write down everything you are going to do, and when you plan to do it.
Remember to monitor your progress and revise your plan as necessary. Very few things in life ever go as perfectly as planned. What if some of the neighbors decide they no longer need you to walk their dogs? If that happens, you no longer have to panic, because now you know how to problem solve. They rarely regret their choices, because they take the time beforehand to consider all their options and figure out the best decision for them personally. Kiwi has loved soccer her whole life. Every day on the way to school, she dribbles and juggles her soccer ball, rain or shine.
She even practices in the snow. Pretty impressive, huh? Kiwi just got back from a world tour with her team a few days ago, and since then all she can think about is moving to Brazil to train. Her team played an exhibition match against the Brazilian U team—and lost There was absolutely nothing she could do about it. site simple and download sometimes they are useful. Grad school homework machine book for.
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Von ken watanabe problem solving using linear equation poeticizing etch soporiferously. Latest news about yourself. Beautiful one, at that, too. View 1 comment. Oct 03, Bar Franek rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: Amazing little book. You can read it in an hour. It's short, but the content is jam-packed with great strategies anyone can implement, even children. You'd think problem solving, especially some of the techniques outlined in this book, are "common sense" but when you think about it - they're really not.
In fact, when do we actually learn "problem solving? This book outlines a fairly simple g Amazing little book. This book outlines a fairly simple guideline for problem solving. But that's also where the beauty of this book lies - the strategies are simple but they really make you think and ponder on what you truly want to solve.
Many times, we "problem solve" the wrong problem, or we try to solve the correct problem but with poor implementation. Problem Solving really makes you take a step back and ask the right questions that really get those brain synapses firing. The concepts are simple enough for a child to understand.
Simple is good. It really doesn't need to be any more complicated than what's laid out in this excellent book. I have just joined Goodreads and it has been a while since I read the book so I am a bit fuzzy. It is a short book written in a simple straightforward way. The author is a business school grad and he worked for one of the top management consulting companies.
He takes you through the main problem solving techniques that are taught at B schools and used at management consulting companies. He breaks them down in a way that is easy to understand and will give you new powerful tools to help solve prob I have just joined Goodreads and it has been a while since I read the book so I am a bit fuzzy. He breaks them down in a way that is easy to understand and will give you new powerful tools to help solve problems.
Because of the shortness of the book, it makes it very easy to go back and review quickly if you are trying to overcome a problem. Dec 09, Shawn Buckle rated it liked it. I am glad this book exists. Many, especially the youthful cohort, could really benefit from it. Watanbe presents three basic problems or goals and shows how to rightfully solution them using thought-out, processed thinking.
While the problems are geared towards those in which kids would face, it shows h I am glad this book exists. While the problems are geared towards those in which kids would face, it shows how every single problem can be solved in a similar fashion: I would think this would be mandatory reading for every grade 10 class, because the mindframe it endows you with is extremely powerful. Apr 11, Arani Satgunaseelan rated it it was amazing.
A simple and fun book that actually makes you think after as you go about making decisions for work and life. Highly recommended especially if you're looking to just re-program your thinking a little. Jan 12, Lani M rated it really liked it. When you do take action, every result is an opportunity to reflect and learn valuable lessons.
A quick and easy read. The author explains a few very simple ideas through 3 fictional example problems. Very easy to follow and grasp. Oct 14, Allan added it. A short and really amazing book. I would recommend it to people who like to think outside the box. Feb 25, Jason Chu rated it really liked it. Short, concrete and simple. Recommended to everyone. Dec 28, Maisha rated it it was amazing Shelves: Its a cute little book that is a good size and minces no words.
Funny how much of what he wrote overlapped with the book Grit by Angela Duckworth. Problem solving tools: Even if some ideas sound crazy, they may actually lead to interesting and creative solutions. Page 46 Step 1: A list all potential root causes of the problem. B develop a hypothesis for likely root cause.
C determine analyses and information required to test the hypothesis. D analyze and identify the root cause. Step 2: A develop a wide variety of solutions to solve the problem. B prioritize actions. C develop implementation plan. Page 26 You can accomplish more by collaborating with others who have strengths you may lack.
Prioritize and then implement. Page 52 1 set a clear goal. A list as many options and ideas as you can. B select the best ideas as the hypothesis. If disproved, go back to step 3. A determine analyses and information required to test the hypothesis. B analyze and develop action plan. State what you want, when you want it, and how you want it. Be detailed. Monitor your progress and revise as necessary.
It is valuable to challenge your own thinking. Mar 19, Minh Thu rated it really liked it. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers.
To view it, click here. This book is a bit complicated even it showed the simple ways to solve problems in detail. There are three ways to solve a problem related to work, love, family, etc. First way is that you should give some presumptions related to the reasons of this problem. Then you shall collect information to find out the real reason. Actually, in this step, you need many skills such as researching social activities, collecting information, statistical probability, summary, and report,etc.
After all, you g This book is a bit complicated even it showed the simple ways to solve problems in detail. After all, you get the report containing statistics of real reasons in order to make the solutions for this problem.
However, these solutions are just what you think is right and suitable. You shall estimate these solution following criteria as difficulty and efficiency of the solution.
At the end, you will know which solution should apply and implement first.
Second way is making the plan to solve a problem. This plan shall be detail as much as possible. The content of your plans have to contain deadline, specific target such as I will save 40 millions VND in bank account by the end of December, After having the specific plan, you need to do the first way to find the specific solutions in order to achieve this target.
Then, let do it Third way is comparing choices.