MARU. [Novel] By Bessie Head. Reading makes you a lot better. Which states? Many sensible words say that by reading, your life will be much better. Do you. Le sujet étudié dans ce mémoire est "La lutte contre l'aliénation et la recherche de l'équilibre mental dans trois romans de Bessie Head: When Rain Clouds. Maru book. Read 89 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. An orphaned Masarwa girl comes to Dilepe to teach, only to discover that in th.

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Maru By Bessie Head Pdf

Complete summary of Bessie Amelia Emery's Maru. print Print; document PDF Maru, one of the Totems or chiefs in his African village of Dilepe and soon to be the village's paramount chief, is the title character of Bessie Head's novel, but it. Maru - Free download as Text File .txt), PDF File .pdf) or read online for free. Bessie Head's story, Maru, looks at the affects of colonialism on African people. This is Head's first piece of poetry for The New African, a periodical. The poetic Maru, Head's second novel, is a major attempt on her part to portray this conflict Monkey', and Bessie Head's Maru," College Literature ():

In Maru she reflects upon her own experiences of love, loneliness and prejudice. Prejudice spreads as one discriminates against another and creates false images. Love contradicts loneliness, which diminishes as the plot progresses. Prejudice affects love and promotes loneliness. Initially one may assume that prejudice is only between different races. Being associated with Masarwa would infer that one stoops down to their level. He loves her but is not keen to sacrifice his status for her. Moleka attempts to terminate prejudice immediately.

This metaphor illustrates to the reader that change occurs over a long period of time. According to Moleka, this plate sharing becomes a symbol for the emancipation of the Masarwas and qualifies Margaret to be his equal.

His prejudicial demeanours compel him to quash his feelings towards her. This shows that love does not always have the power to overcome prejudice. In addition, Margaret is lonely.

Similar to Bessie Head, Margaret feels lost because she is unaware of where she belongs. Knowing which culture or group one belongs to defines a person. People discriminate against her because they do not know what she is. Margaret has no one to relate to.

Nobody understands her. She lives in a village with magnitudes of people but in her heart she is alone. She has always lived as a recluse but from this point onwards she instigates a presence that cannot be ignored. Her relationship with Dikeledi is the closest Margaret comes to friendship. During her school career, Margaret is a brilliant, yet lonely student. Prejudice, in this case causes loneliness. Bessie Head displays this throughout the novel. In Dilepe, Masarwa are slaves. When the news about Margaret being Masarwa spreads, she is ostracised by society because she is supposed to be a slave.

However, she still feels lonely due to the fact that she is not married to her first love, Moleka. He becomes her redeemer. That gave Moleka the social right to have affairs with most women in the village. Even though the women keep giving him babies, he is not yet settled on any of them until he is tricked into marrying Dikeledi. Dikeledi observes that Moleka flirts around but her worry is not about that but rather about where he has hidden his heart.

Maru by Bessie Head

This undoubtedly proves that the men have some power over their women and that is why they are treated as such. The narrator also mention that: There was nothing Moleka did not know about the female anatomy It made him arrogant and violent.

There was no woman who could resist the impact of his permanently boiling bloodstream. Maru is another character who exhibits patriarchal tendencies. He too is like Moleka. By virtue of the fact that he is a man, he flirts with ladies in the village. The narrator assert that Thus, the women whom Maru made love to were highly envied This is a man who defines the worth of a woman in Dilepe.

This depicts the perception that a woman is not complete without a man in her life.

Maru married Margaret Cadmore to satisfy his desire of not losing to Moleka. I agree with Odhiambo et al who assert that Maru succeeded at marrying a woman who will be hated by everyone. The feelings of Margaret as a woman are not considered.

She is like a trophy that must be won by a man and she accepts Maru because she had been left with no alternative. Men try to dominate women in the world of work Pete, the school principal of Leseding School where Margaret Cadmore teaches makes a patriarchal comment on finding out that Miss Cadmore is a Masarwa.

He says: She can be shoved out…. Pete in the story asserts that Miss Cadmore can be sacked from the school just because she is a woman.

Bessie Head clearly satirises the African society where the woman is depicted as a weakling or someone who can be controlled by men. Most women like Miss Cadmore have been unfairly treated because they find themselves in a patriarchal society. They see it as a social responsibility to get her away from their community without really focusing on the fact that she is an excellent teacher irrespective of her gender or lineage.

Women are considered as inferior Bessie Head brings to the fore patriarchal structures by presenting women who have been marginalized. Margaret Cadmore is one character who has been considered as an inferior human been. Margaret Cadmore is an outcast in the society because of her Masarwa lineage. It is however surprising that her marriage to Maru does not improve her self-image but it further alienates her Odhiambo et al, Maru skillfully manipulates situations and gets Margaret Cadmore to marry him against her inner will.

It is evident that her joy hinges on the mood of Maru. The presence of Maru alone creates a discomfort in her reminding her of her past. The narrator tells us in Maru that; So quietly did he enter the house that his wife looked up fearfully from her work of preparing the table for the evening meal. He sometimes had vicious, malicious moods when every word was a sharp knife intended to grind and re-grind the same raw wound p3 The fact that she is a woman puts her at the mercy of a man who merely pities her because she is a Masarwa.

Another woman who is marginalized is Dikeledi. Moleka falls in love with Margaret Cadmore but when he is unsuccessful at getting to marry her, he settles with Dikeledi. She therefore comes into the picture as an avenue to sooth his broken heart. Moleka says I have no more women left, Dikeledi You are the last on the list p 65 Later, although he never wanted to admit it, he had at last accidentally found a dwelling place for his restless heart.

In reality, he had lived many kinds of married lives. They consisted of giving orders: Do this! I would like my back scrubbed this very minute p 61 This attitude is not restricted to Moleka. Maru also ordered Dikeledi around. He clandestinely involved her in his scheme to get Miss Cadmore. He coerced her to join in his scheme and even forcefully took away from her the first picture Margaret Cadmore drew. Perhaps, Dikeledi is a pawn for Maru just because she is a woman.

The male characters acted only to indicate the extent of the patriarchy in the Dilepe society which is a miniature example of a typical African town.


Finally, in Maru, very little is said about the daily activities of the men in Dilepe. However, it is the women who engage in fetching of water and preparing supper whereas men like Pete, Seth and Morafi merely sit and gossip about people in Dilepe.

This paints the picture that there are some roles that are gender based. This is however unfair since the women seem to work so much whereas the men have very little work to do.

Going forward, the idea of patriarchy and prejudice are very important topics explored in The Collector of Treasures. First of all, the four women who were serving life sentences were maltreated by their husbands mainly because of their sex.

For example, Garesego Mokopi considers women to be down the social class. His attitude is therefore not desirable.

Maru | Ideologies | Race (Human Categorization)

After leaving Dikeledi for eight years he comes back to her purposely to fight Paul Thebolo but not to shower her with love. The dog in this piece is a metaphor for Garesego. He is biased towards women because of their sex. He sees them as individuals that he can have affairs with as long as he wills it. This unfair treatment of Dikeledi is both patriarchal and prejudiced. To neglect ones responsibility of caring for wife and children but chasing other women only means that the man involved in that act does not respect women.

This sums up the rationale behind the attitude of Garesego towards Dikeledi. Secondly, the portrayal of men as the heads of the society is patriarchal and prejudiced in nature. The type of marriage that was contracted was between only two men who determined the fate of a woman without cognizance of her feelings or aspirations.

Themes in the Novel Maru Analysis

Dikeledi is hardworking and so far, she has been able to provide for her three children. She is peaceful and only troubled by the success of her children in school. However, because of the patriarchal and prejudiced nature of the society, a woman is considered not to be complete without a man and women seem to support that idea.

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