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Ielts Writing Mat Clark Pdf

You can make use of Collocation for IELTS - Mat Clark (PDF) to improve your vocabulary for IELTS and self-study IELTS at home. IELTS WRITING BY MAT CLARK TASK 1 + TASK 2 (PDF)May 2, In "IELTS Downloads". Collocations for IELTS Speaking & Writing by Mat Clark. by admin October Today I will share with you useful collocations used by Mat Clark. You can. I will share with you useful collocations used by Mat Clark. You can make use of this document to improve your vocabulary for IELTS and.

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Rovshan Rasulov. Most people would agree that an OK score in speaking is 5 or 6. Many students now realize that a score of 5 or 6 for speaking is not enough for their study requirements and this is why I wrote this book. Many students spend months preparing for the IELTS speaking test and still find it difficult to score 7 or higher. In fact some candidates actually score lower than they potentially could have scored.

We can now ask the question: Why do so many Chinese candidates have problems scoring 6 or higher for speaking? Look at the following reasons and decide which you think are the most accurate in answer to the question above, put a cross X beside any reasons which you think are not true: Which 3 reasons are the most accurate?

If you are working in a class group, compare your reasons with your partner. The Real Reason Some of the reasons on the last page influence your speaking score but in fact the main reason why most Chinese candidates fail to score 6 or higher is because: Do not Fully Understand How the Speaking Test Is Marked When we take test of any kind, one of the most important things to know is how the test is actually marked.

Anyone who is preparing for a driving test knows exactly what the driving test examiner is looking for, and they work on perfecting these particular aspects of their driving skills. As a result, many candidates miss the whole point of the speaking test and their score is usually below 6. Most people either don't know this or they don't understand the importance of this fact. Many candidates seem to focus in the wrong way.

Obviously, candidates are required to answer the question, but what they may not realize is that the examiner doesn't give marks for the actual answer. There are no correct or incorrect answers in the speaking test. There are two basic types of answer: There is some language ability here — 3 words, so answers like these might finally get a score of 4.

This is the type of answer that a candidate needs to consistently produce to get a score in the region of 7. A score of 0 is someone who cannot speak any English at all. A score of 9 is someone who can speak English in the exactly the same way as an educated native speaker of English.

This is where our next problems occurs. Regardless of what these languages are. In other words, they speak English in a similar way to how they speak Chinese.

It is not easy to instantly change your style of speaking, but one important step is to first consider the style of your first language and compare this with the style of the second language. Basically, to be able to speak English in the style of a native speaker, it is necessary to compare spoken Chinese with spoken English.

When you can recognize the differences between these two speaking systems, it will be much easier to work on removing elements of your first language influence from your second language speech.

Think about the way you speak your first language most likely Chinese. Try to list some points based on the style that native-speakers actually speak your language. Remember, we are not thinking about the actual language system here; we are dealing with the way that language is commonly used its spoken form.

The next section deals with this important step. The Economics of Language This first point may sound strange but in fact it is easy to understand. Different languages can be easily distinguished by the amount of words that native speakers produce in normal speech. Ask the following question in your first language — Chinese ask your partner if you are using this book in class ; try to answer in a natural style: Try to repeat the answer exactly as it was given.

How many actual words did the answer contain? Now ask the same question in English to a native speaker of English if you can find one. Ask your teacher if you are using this book in class. Again the answer should be as natural as possible. How may actual words did the answer contain? Hopefully the result should be quite clear. Native speakers of Chinese are able to hold conversations and communicate efficiently using small amounts of language.

The way that Chinese has developed as language means that users of the language are able to exchange precise and exact ideas or concepts using a limited amounts of words in their speech.

In simple terms, spoken Chinese doesn't waste words. In other words, spoken English wastes words. This is our first major differences between spoken English and Chinese. In fact, this description is quite inaccurate. English is actually a very indirect language. Try listening to any British politician speaking in Parliament and you will certainly agree with me here. Chinese on the other hand is a direct language when it is spoken.

It is a good idea to visualize the two answers as triangles: Redundant language can be described as words that don't contain meaning or words that do not alter the meaning of our message.

Anyone who want to speak English in a native-speaker style must use examples of these words and phrases. Conversational filters may appear at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of our spoken sentences. I mean it's actually enormous maybe even the biggest city in Europe. So really if you live there, it's sort of amazing really. You can do almost anything you want. Like you know there's so many things to do, and I guess that's why I love living there. If you live there, it's amazing.

You can do anything you want. There are so many things to do. That's why I love living there. There are many examples of redundant language.

Another major difference between spoken Chinese and spoken English is that Chinese tends to recycle vocabulary. Look at the following example: In spoken Chinese, it is perfectly normal to recycle vocabulary in this way.

On the other hand, spoken English doesn't normally do this. One of the reasons is because English conversations contain fewer closed questions and many more open questions. Look at the following question: The candidate is not offering the examiner any original language. We can see that vocabulary recycling has a negative effect on your score for two reasons.

Firstly, native English speakers do not do it. Secondly, the examiner will penalize the candidate for copying the language in the question.

IELTS Writing by Mat Clark 1

This point is discussed in more detail in the section on vocabulary. Another key difference between spoken English and spoken Chinese is that spoken English is heavily graded.

In other words, native speakers of English usually speak in degrees. Look at the following example question: Yes I really like watching TV I guess I'm quite fond of watching TV For the most part, I would probably say that I quite like watching TV To some extent I would say I like watching TV Well, I suppose you could probably say that I'm fond of watching TV Do I like watching TV Chinese answers usually begin with a definite and clearly defined yes or no followed by supporting reasons.

There are more examples of this aspect of English later in this book. Summary of the Differences between Spoken English and Spoken Chinese In this section we have explored the differences between the way that native speakers produce Chinese and English. There are obviously exceptions to theses differences on both sides, but our aim is not really to analyze language — our aim is to discover ways to produce native-speaker style English.

Hopefully we have highlighted some basic features of native-speaker style Chinese. It is likely that in the past many of these features were present in your spoken English. As we have already stated, a high score in the IELTS speaking test is given when the candidate produces language which is similar to native-speaker style English. The first step to achieving a higher score in the speaking test is to start speaking English in the following way: The next section deals with the marking system in detail.

All speaking examiners use exactly the same marking system and use it in the same way. The marking system is divided into four sections: The sections are divided into scores in the following way: Directly above and below the examiner can see the description for 8 and 6, in this way the examiner can listen to your language in the interview and decide carefully which description best fits your language.

The descriptions are written in professional linguistic terms so it would not be very useful to reproduce them here. Instead, the following section will translate into simple terms the language features a candidate must produce to achieve scores of 6, 7 and 8. The features described in the marking system for this section include: So from the above, it is clear that a Fluency 6 is the score where candidates begin to produce native-speaker style language features in longer answers.

A Fluency 5 lacks most of these features. Fluency and Coherence 7 The examiner will award 7 in this section if the candidate can produce the following: From the above it can be concluded that a Fluency 7 is awarded when the responses are usually long and they contain a larger quantity of linking devices redundant language etc.

Fluency and Coherence 8 The examiner will give 8 in this section if the candidate can produce the following features of language: A Fluency and Coherence 8 score is very close to native speaker level. From the marking system descriptions it can be seen that these aspects are only a small part of the actual score.

Problems with Fluency and Coherence The most common problem that Chinese candidates face in this section of the marking system is that they focus to heavily on answering the question. Wuhan is very modern so I like the buildings. All over the city there are lots of new interesting buildings being built. When I was younger most of the buildings looked the same so it wasn't as attractive as it is nowadays. In fact the grammar is fairly complex and accurate; it is not too short.

The problem with this answer is that it lacks cohesive features. Now compare the following answer: Actually, all over the city there are lots of new interesting buildings being built. In fact, it's quite interesting to consider that when I was younger most of the building looked the same, so you know it wasn't as attractive as it is nowadays.

The difference in this second answer is that the information is linked using native-speaker style cohesive features. The answer above would most likely be typical of a Fluency and Coherence 7 or 8.

There is a section later which deals with cohesive language in detail. I like computer games. My favorite computer game is Counter Strike and this game is very popular in China now. I like Counter Strike because If it happens once or twice, the examiner probably won't change your score.

There are some common misunderstandings about how this score is awarded. I have often been asked the following question: The language points featured in this section of the marking system include: A Lexical Resource 6 is not difficult to score.

In general, Chinese candidates can score 6 in this section quite easily because they usually know quite a lot of English words and have prepared vocabulary for most topics. Lexical Resource 7 A score of 7 in this section requires examples of the following items: The Lexical Resource 7 score is quite different to the 6 score because it needs some examples of complex vocabulary skills a 6 doesn't require this.

One of the most common reasons why candidates fail to score 7 is because they don't include idiomatic vocabulary. Idiomatic vocabulary can cover many aspects including slang, idiomatic sayings and phrasal verbs.

There is a section on vocabulary later in the book which offers examples of idioms for many topics. Another reason why candidates fail to score 7 in this section is because there are no examples of uncommon vocabulary or collocations. Lexical Resource 8 A score of 8 will awarded if the candidate shows: In many ways the score of 8 is similar to 7. The main difference is the amount of uncommon vocabulary and idiomatic language.

Problems with Lexical Resource Generally speaking, the most common problem in this section is the overuse of common words: The candidate could have chosen any word to describe Beijing but chose to produce an example of a very basic adjective. Candidates often neglect this area because they focus too much on the answer to the question. There is a section later in this book on vocabulary building. This score is often misunderstood because many people believe that a high score is awarded if the candidate doesn't make any grammar mistakes.

The score in this section is based on a number of different factors including: A score of 6 in this section is not difficult to achieve. The candidate's language may contain quite a lot of grammar errors but these errors must occur in the examples of complex grammar. There should be examples of different tense formation, in particular, perfect and continuous tenses. Grammatical Range and Accuracy 7 A score of 7 is awarded when the candidate's language contains the following aspects: The description of a Grammar score 7 is quite simple.

The main point here is that the candidate must produce many examples of sentences which do not contain errors. Most basic sentence structures must be correct. There must be examples of complex sentence structures and many examples of subordinate clause structures. Modals would, could, should, may should also be used correctly.

There must be a range of different tenses usually used correctly. Grammatical Range and Accuracy 8 The 8 score in this section is quite simple to describe: An 8 score is awarded when the candidate can produce examples of most complex sentence structures and can produce most tenses correctly and use them in the right way.

There are a few mistakes. Problems with Grammatical Range and Accuracy Grammar is a very important part of the English language. In spoken English, basic meaning can be communicated using basic grammar. Another problem is the lack of perfect and continuous tenses. Native speakers of English produce quite a lot of these tenses when the speak. In general, Chinese speakers of English neglect these important tenses.

The next problem is the actual sentence type. Many candidates produce too many basic sentences, eg: Chongqing is a mountain city. It is located in on the Chang Jiang River.

Candidates' pronunciation will be marked in the same way, but for the higher scores there are one or two areas that have become more emphasized in the marking criteria; these are discussed below. The pronunciation score is influenced by accent but there are other important factors which influence the score. The key to scoring 6 in this section is to speak clearly enough to be understood throughout. There is no need to try to reproduce a native-speaker accent British, American, and Australian in this band score.

Pronunciation 7 To score 7 for pronunciation, a candidate must display the following: Pronunciation 8 The candidate will be awarded 8 in this section if the following requirements can be met: Pronunciation 9 The candidate will be awarded 9 in this section if the following requirements can be met: Aiming for Pronunciation 7 The introduction of the band score 7 in pronunciation will benefit many candidates.

Now it should be easier to score 6. Also, because there is a pronunciation score of 9, the requirements for a pronunciation 8 have been lowered slightly; this means more candidates will be awarded a score of 8 for pronunciation. It should also be remembered that some candidates will be worse off under this new system of marking. There will be situations where examiners will award a 5 for pronunciation when in the older system the score would have been 6.

The Skills Required for a Pronunciation 7 If candidates can focus on the following skills and techniques, it will be easier to achieve a 7 in pronunciation. I suppose that I occasionally read magazines but I rarely pick a newspaper. In this sentence we can increase the volume or pitch of the adverbs. I used to be quite into Yoga but more recently I've been getting into ballet dancing.

I recently went on holiday to Sanya which is a small resort on Hainan Island.


I guess it's one of the most popular tourist destinations in South China because of its beaches. Of course you can find a wide variety of seafood there, things like crab, shellfish and lobster. The Marking System — The Overall Score The candidate is awarded four different scores and the overall score is an average of these scores. For example: A Summary of the Marking System In this section we have looked in detail at the way that the speaking test is marked.

It should now be quite clear that in order to achieve a higher score, the candidate must produce the features specially described in the marking system under that score.

One very important point to emphasize here is that the marking system does not include references to the following points: In theory it could be possible for a candidate to arrive at the interview in dirty old clothes, be impolite, invent answers, tell lies and hold unreasonable or controversial opinions and still achieve a high score if he or she demonstrated the features described in the marking system — i.

I can add an example from my own experience here. Many years ago in an IELTS speaking test, I interviewed a young lady who was arrogant , impolite, impatient and quite rude — I awarded this candidate a score of 8 because her spoken English matched the descriptions in the marking system for band score 8.

To date there have been no changes to the test format since it was first introduced in the year There are regular changes to the speaking test content, but the format remains the same. Wherever in the world you take your speaking test, you can expect your interview to follow the same pattern. Examiners are regularly monitored to ensure that they deliver the speaking interviews in the correct way as set by UCLES the test designers.

Overall, speaking interviews are between 11 and 14 minutes in length. Occasionally this may differ, for example if a candidate fails to respond to any questions, the interview will probably be shorter in length. The interview is divided into three clearly defined sections and each section focuses on different speaking skills and linguistic abilities. The criteria described in the marking system is the same for all 3 parts of the test and the score is awarded according to the candidates average performance across all three parts.

The Start of the Speaking Test There is confusion surrounding the start of the test. Usually candidates will be shown to their interview rooms and they wait outside until the examiner invites them inside.

The candidate is asked to sit down and the examiner will say the following: This is totally unneccessary because the examiner needs to know you name so that he is certain that he is interviewing the right person.

The suitable response is: Mo Wenwei. So something like: Save your energy until the actual test has begun. The best way to deal with the start of the interview is to follow the examiner. The actual speaking test will begin when you hear the words: The start of the speaking test asking for candidate name and checking ID card usually taks about 30 seconds to 1 minute. This time is not included in the interview time. The examiner starts timing the interview when the test questions begin.

This is an inaccurate description because although this section does ask some questions about your personal background, it also covers many other questions and topics. A more accurate description of Part One would be: The range of Part One topics is quite extensive. See the section on Part One skills. In general the first topic in Part One deals with your background and there are two possible paths.

All candidates can expect to be asked questions on one of these topics areas. The number of questions asked in Part One varies for each candidate. The maximum number of questions for each topic is usually four or five and the minimum is two. This means that the maximum number of questions in Part One is between twelve and fifteen and the minimum is around six. A candidate who produces long responses will be ask fewer question because Part One is limited to four or five minutes.

A candidate give short answers will be asked more questions. Candidates often ask the question: If you have read the earlier chapter on the marking system you should know that longer responses result in a higher score, to obviously in all parts of the speaking test longer answers are preferable to short answers. The important fact is that all of these topics should be quite familiar to you.

Even if you don't like sport, you should be able to answer basic questions related to the topic of sport. They are not specific to any particular country or region. For example, you might be asked: This presents a problem. Even if this was possible, it would take an enormous effort and use up most of a student's preparation time and energy. Within the content they may be learning vocabulary for each question, but vocabulary only influences part of your score.

Obviously, this is not a realistic preparation method for Part One of the test. We need to find an alternative way to effectively prepare for these topics and questions.

Most people are unaware that this huge list of topics and questions can actually be broken down into sub-groups. By this, I mean the questions themselves not the topics.

Hometown Tell me about your hometown. What do you like about your hometown? Is there anything you don't like about your hometown? Would you like to move to another city in other future?

Studies Tell me about your studies. What do you like about you studies? Is there anything you don't like about your studies? What would you like to do after your studies? There is however one very clear similarity. The answer to the second question in both questions would obviously be different in content but the structure and style of the answer should really be very similar. Although the number of different topics and questions in Part One is enormous, the number of actual question types is quite limited.

For this reason, one very effective method for dealing with Part One is to focus on the question types. In the following pages, we will explore the different question types in Part One and develop structures suitable for each type.

Candidates must remember that the examiner is NOT asking this question because he or she wants to know something about your hometown. The examiner is not interested in you, your life or anything you say. The examiner is doing a job. The job is to award a score for your spoken English in relation to the marking system.

Mat-Clark-IELTS-Speaking | Rovshan Rasulov -

So again we can see that content becomes irrelevant. The examiner is actually asking the following question: I am native of this city. Beijing is the capital of China. In Beijing there are many historical buildings. Beijing Duck is very famous — I always eat it with my friends. A description needs to offer detailed and precise information and the points need to be developed in some way.

If we consider the marking system we can also add that the answer does not contain any features of native-speaker style spoken English. Now consider the following answer: I suppose if I had to describe Beijing, the first thing I would say is that it's absolutely enormous, maybe even one of the biggest city in Asia I guess.

It's so big in fact that even the locals have problems finding their way around. Another significant characteristic is that it offers examples of both classical and contemporary architecture. Description Structures When responding to description questions, you need to begin with a lead-in phrase. Possible lead-in phrases include the following: OK then Right, OK Well, you know Well first of all I could start off by saying that I need to start off by pointing out that I suppose I should begin by highlighting the fact that I really need to kick off with the point that Most of the above contain interchangeable words.

Now you are ready to describe you first point. Select a lead-in phrase and a pointing phrase. The first point needs to be developed with a complex sentence. The result is a complex structure. Add a linking word to introduce a detail about your first point.

Now we can look at the full structure. Another point which I could add is that A second feature which I should mention is that As well as that, I could say that On top of that I can also add that Examples of 3rd pointing phrases: And I shouldn't forget to mention that In addition to what I've just said, I can add that Something else that I need to comment on is that I guess I could also remark on the fact that So a complete response might look something like this: In fact So actually detail Describe your hometown.

Tell me about your job. Tell me about your family. Tell me about your city. What is your main ambition? What makes you happy? Now practice using your structure for the questions above. This question is often one of the first questions in Part One.

100 Collocations for IELTS Speaking & Writing by Mat Clark

We have not looked at any vocabulary for any of the individual topics or questions — this can be found in the section on topic-specific vocabulary later in this book. A common response might be something like: I like cats and dogs because they are very lovely. This answer lacks all the features common in native-speaker style English.

Expressing likes and dislikes is actually quite a large area of the English language and as a result there is a wide range of language available to express these functions.

The following expressions can be used for all general topics: I'm really into I'm quite a big fan of I simply adore I'm quite enthusiastic about One advantage of the IELTS vocabulary marking system is that if you use an uncommon word incorrectly or in the wrong context, you will still get some credit for trying to use the word. For example, if a candidate said: We return to the question: Look at the following answer: I guess the reason why I'm a fan of dogs is because I adore their loyalty and companionship.

In addition to dogs I suppose I'm also pretty passionate about endangered species, especially dolphins and things like that and this is due to the fact I feel some degree of responsibility towards wildlife protection. How many liking phrases can you find? How much redundant language is there? Find examples of uncommon or topic-specific vocabulary. Well in general I would say that Actually, I suppose that for the most part I'd probably say that Well, to be honest I should really say that Of course I think I'd have to say that Well, I guess that generally speaking I would certainly say that And I guess this is probably because This could be because This might be because This is due to the fact that I suppose the reason has something to do with the fact that This is mainly because my girlfriend is Italian so she always cooks Italian cuisine at home.

As well as this To add to this I'm quite conscious of healthy eating and bean curd is a fat- free food and it's high in nutritional value. I guess the reason why I'm a fan of In addition to this I suppose I'm so pretty passionate about What food do you like? Do you like reading? Do you like listening to music? Do you like shopping? Now answer the question using your own structure.

I'm not so keen on I'm not much of a fan of I'm not really that fond of I totally detest I really can't stand To be more precise, I really can't stand the summer months.

This is due to the fact that the temperatures can get as high as 40 degrees so it can be quite uncomfortable if you don't have air conditioning in your house.

In addition to this, I'm not really that fond of the public transport system. And I guess this is probably because the buses are too old and the seats are really hard, so long journeys are usually pretty bumpy. Is there any food you don't like? What's the worst thing about shopping? Are there any clothes that you don't like?

What type of weather do you dislike? This is not wrong, but as we have seen, the answers to these questions can be quite long, so it is better to split them into two separate answers. Give a developed answer to every question. In the past I have heard answers like these: Do you like animals? Base your answer on language not on fact or truth. You do not get any marks for telling the truth! The most common problem with these questions is shown in the following answer: Some candidates may believe that get one mark for every type of transport that they list but this is not true.

A good answer to these questions should be structured and developed in the following way. Begin with an opening phrase: Well actually Of course, you know Sure, obviously Of course, it goes without saying Ok, certainly Then use one of the following: So the opening line might be: In these structures you will need to select an adjective which fits the question. Here are some possible adjective suggestions: Though I think the most commonly- used would potentially be buses.

The thing with buses is that The point I want to add about buses is that And what you have to realise with buses is that And the explanation for this could be that And the basis of this is that So the first part of the answer could be: Though I think the most common-used would potentially be buses.

And the explanation for this could be that they are so cheap and reliable. In fact the average bus fare in my city is about one yuan for a single journey.

Now use a linking phrase to introduce a second type: Besides buses , As well as buses , In addition to buses , Another kind of public transport would be Another form of public transport worth mentioning could be A second variety of public transport would be something like A subsequent category would be something like So the next part of the answer might be: And the main characteristic of taxis is that And the unique aspect of taxis is that And the exceptional aspect with taxis is that Add the detail with a linking word to form a complex sentence: And one exceptional aspect of taxis is that Now you need to add a vague end line: And obviously you can also find things like Likewise, as might be expected, there are things like And naturally, there are things like So the final sentence might be: Tell me about the type of sports that are popular in your country?

What kinds of restaurants are popular in your country? What types of things do people collect in your country? What hobbies are common in your country? What types of TV programmes are popular in your country? Now design your own structure using the language option provided in this section.

See the individual topic sections later in the book for vocabulary ideas on types and kinds of particular topics. Look at the following examples: How often do you go to the cinema? Where do you usually download your clothes?

When do you listen to music? At what time of day do you usually read? Do you spend your weekends with? It is quite common for candidates to response to these questions in the following way: In the evening before I sleep.

My parent or my friends. As we have discovered, It is almost impossible to achieve a high score with this type of answer. The key to these questions is to answer the question with two or three different responses. You know cinema tickets are pretty pricey in China.

The first step is too select an opening phrase: Now select a linking phrase: This is very typical of informal native-native speaker English.

It is important to get the next step exactly right. The success of this structure relies on the following conditional grammar structure: Select one of the following: These can be quite flexible.

Here are some possible ideas to use: Develop the situation using a complex structure. Now you can compare situation A with situation B.

Add a compare linking phrase: If situation B … then I will most certainly … Remember to develop situation B with a complex structure. Now answer the following questions using the fully developed structure for two situations.

If you want to give a longer response you could even introduce a third situation. Where do you usually go shopping? When do you usually read?

At what time of day do you usually listen to music? Who do you spend your evenings with? When do you go out in the evenings, what do you usually do? How often do you play sports? How often do you eat in restaurants? It is easier to contrast two clearly different situations. This is a fairly complex grammar structure but it is easy to construct accurately.

Do people wear special clothes at weddings in your country? Is watching TV a popular activity in your country? Is fast food popular in your country?

Is healthy eating important? Can you play a musical instrument? Is food expensive in your country? Is education free in your country? Do you think you are an ambitious person? This is not wrong, but these answers are often too simple in grammar structure and lack the essential linking phrases. By doing this you will produce a response with better quality language structures.

Now look at the next example: But you also have to understand that eating unhealthy food in moderation is not overly harmful. So all in all I guess my answer would have to be yes and no.

Look at the list of questions at the beginning of this section and decide which ones you would be able to answer with this structure. The structure can be built in this way. First, use an opening phrase: Develop the first statement using a linking structure: Is crime a problem in your country?

Do people in your country often keep pets? Is it always good to be ambitious? First use a linking phrase: So on the whole I suppose the answer has to be yes and no. So all things considered I guess the answer is both yes and no. So in the main, I suppose the answer is probably yes and no.

Use the full structure to answer the following questions: Do many people work on farms in your country? Is public transport expensive in your country?

Do you think that it is important to spend time alone? Look at the following questions: Are friends important to you? With questions like this it may be difficult to answer both yes and no. It is probably much easier to give a "Yes" answer. Use the structures given to introduce your "Yes" idea and then develop this single idea with one or two reasons or details.

With these questions you need to think quite quickly, especially if you want to give a "Yes and No" style answer. You don't need to have wonderful ideas for your "Yes and No" answer, just something that gives you the chance to use the structure. Remember-the examiner is not marking your ideas. Would you like to move to another city, in the future? Would you like to change your job? Would you like to live near the sea? Would you like to learn another foreign language?

Would you like to be in a film? What would you like to change about your city? What would you like to change about your school school in the past? Would you like to change your name? When the examiner asks these questions, he or she is listening carefully to one aspect of your answer. What do you think is the most important aspect of your answer for these questions? In fact I think I'm really fond of my name because it has quite a deep and significant meaning, and as well as this, my mother chose it for me so she doesn't want me to change it.

Actually I am sure I will never change my name! What is good about this answer? What is missing from this answer? The grammar aspect of these questions is very important. For most of these questions, you should use the second conditional tense in your answer. In fact the examiner is expecting you to produce an example of this verb tense. The form of the second conditional is quite simple: If I lived near the sea, I would be able to eat fresh seafood.

If I had the time, I would go for travelling. The second conditional is used to talk about a present or future time, to describe an event that is unlikely hypothetical. If I worked in a factory, I would be tired every day!

But I don't work in a factory and it's unlikely that I will work in a factory in the future. Whilemen are expected to outnumber women by UK's obese population will grow in size. Hong Kongand Sydney experienced a similar shrmp between and D..

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A similar pattern was seen in France. In all the three countries.. W shc. As shown in the table. COW" main transport in the United Kingdom. France 'Germany.. United Kingdom. Ancthertwo types of offences. Neglect of traffic signs and directions carne third.

Wales during the period to and speed limit offences deserved. Speed limit offences. Caterpillars wil] shed their skin several times throughout this stage. In twoweeks. This stage lasts. The pupal stage is possibly one.. It marks the end of metamorphosis. In general. At this stage. At the final stage. TIle female butterfly normally lays eggs on a plant that it thinks is suitable for accommodating and feeding caterpillars.

In each egg" an embryo develops gradually. The fully. The next stage is. Items are disposed.. I'lhls prccesa.. It is how the recycling loop keeps operating. If recyclables have already been put in the right rubbish bins. Part of recyclables will be sent to some customers for their own use. Put in the right bjns Collecting andprocessing recyclables plays. Newspapers and paper towels can b e sent to'.

The first step is collecting recyclables frOID rubbish bins. For example. Once those. The rest of recyclables win. The recycled materials produced are sold t businesses.

Threemain types. Euty d'evgl. T'Opiic 2: WlrHe a dissclrilptiio.

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