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UNIT -II Rotational energy and rotational inertia for simple bodies, the combined translation and rotational and motion of a rigid body on horizontal and inclined planes, Simple treatment of the motions of a top. Relations between elastic constants, bending of Beams and Torsion of Cylinder. Differential equation of wave motion, plane progressive waves in fluid media, reflection of waves, phase change on reflection, superposition, stationary waves, pressure and energy distribution, phase and group velocity. Page 2 D. Brownian motion, estimate of the Avogadro number. Equipartition of energy, specific heat of monatomic gas, extension to di- and triatomic gases, Behaviour at low temperatures. Adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas, applications to atmospheric physics. The critical constants, gas and vapour. Joule expansion of ideal gas, and of a Vander Waals gas, Joule coefficient, estimates of J-T cooling. Principle of regenerative cooling and of cascade cooling, liquefaction of hydrogen and helium gas. Refrigeration cycles, meaning of efficiency.

UNIT - III The laws of thermodynamics: The Zeroth law, various indicator diagrams, work done by and on the system, first law of thermodynamics, internal energy as a state function and other applications. Reversible and irreversible changes, Carnot cycle and its efficiency, Carnot theorem and the second law of thermodynamics. Different versions of the second law, practical cycles used in internal combustion engines. Entropy, principle of increase of entropy. The Page 3 thermodynamic scale of temperature; its identity with the perfect gas scale.

Impossibility of attaining the absolute zero; third law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic potentials and equilibrium of thermodynamical systems, relation with thermodynamical variables. Cooling due to adiabatic demagnetization, production and measurement of very low temperatures.

Text and Reference Books G. Agarwal and H. Agarwal and B. UNIT -II Page 4 Semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, n-type and p-type semiconductors, unbiased diode forward bias and reverse bias diodes, diode as a rectifier, diode characteristics, zener diode, avalanche and zener breakdown, power supplies, rectifier, bridge rectifier, capacitor input filter, voltage regulation, zener regulator.

Bipolar transistors, three doped regions, forward and reverse bias, DC alpha, DC beta transistor curves. Basic AC equivalent circuits, low frequency model, small signal amplifiers, common emitter amplifier, common collector amplifiers, and common base amplifiers, current and voltage gain, R. Elements of transmission and reception, basic principles of amplitude modulation and demodulation. Principle and design of linear multimeters and their application, cathode ray oscillograph and its simple applications.

Text and Reference Books B.

Mechanics 1. Study of laws of parallel and perpendicular axes for moment of inertia.

Study of conservation of momentum in two dimensional oscillations. Oscillations 1. Study of a compound pendulum.

Study of damping of a bar pendulum under various mechanics. Study of oscillations under a bifilar suspension. Potential energy curves of a 1-Dimensional system and oscillations in it for various amplitudes.

Study of oscillations of a mass under different combinations of springs. Properties of matter 1.

Study of bending of a cantilever or a beam. Study of torsion of a wire static and dynamic methods Kinetic theory of matter 1. Study of Brownian motion. Study of adiabatic expansion of a gas. Study of conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Heating efficiency of electrical kettle with varying voltages.

Thermodynamics Page 6 1. Study of temperature dependence of total radiation. Study of temperature dependence of spectral density of radiation. Resistance thermometry. Thermo-emf thermometry 5. Conduction of heat through poor conductors of different geometries.

Circuit fundamentals 1. Charging and discharging in R. High resistance by leakage.

Half wave and full wave rectifiers. Frequency response of R. Waves I. Speed of waves on a stretched string. Studies on torsional waves in a lumped system. Study of interference with two coherent sources of sound. Text and reference books D.

Worsnop and Flint- Advanced Practical physics for students. Localised fringes; thin films, applications for precision measurements for displacements. Haidinger fringes: Fringes of equal inclination. Michelson interferometer, its application for precision determination of wavelength, wavelength difference and the width of spectral lines.

Antireflection Coating, Optical filters. Intensity distribution in multiple beam interference, Tolansky fringes, Fabry-Perrot interferometer and etalon. Fraunhoffer diffraction: Diffraction at a slit, half-period zones, phasor diagram and integral calculus methods, the intensity distribution, diffraction at a circular aperture and a circular disc, resolution of images, Rayleigh criterion, resolving power of telescope and microscopic systems, outline of phase contrast microscopy.

Diffraction gratings: Diffraction at N parallel slits, intensity distribution, plane diffraction grating, reflection grating, blazed gratings. Concave grating and different mountings. Resolving power of a grating and comparison with resolving powers of prism and of a Fabry-Perrot etalon. Analysis of polarised light. Matrix representation of plane polarized waves, matrices for polarizers, retardation plates and rotators, Application to simple systems.

Application of Lasers: Pulsed lasers and tunable lasers, spatial coherence and directionality, estimates of beam intensity; temporal coherence and spectral energy density. Electric dipole, Field and potential due to an electric dipole, Dipole approximation for an arbitrary charge distribution, Electric quadruple, Field due to a quadruple , Electrostatic Energy of a charged uniform sphere, Energy of a condenser.

Magnetic Properties of Matter Intensity of magnetization and magnetic susceptibility, Properties of Dia, Para and Ferromagnetic materials, Curie temperature, Hysteresis and its experimental determination. Purcell Mc GrawHill. UNIT -II Schrodinger Equation and its Applications Schrodinger wave equation Interpretation of wave function, Expectation values of dynamical variables, Ehrenfest theorem, Orthonormal properties of wave functions, One dimensional motion in step potential, Rectangular barrier, Square well potential, Particle in a box, normalization Simple Harmonic Oscillator.

Qualitative UNIT - III Atomic spectra Spectra of hydrogen, deuteron and alkali atoms, spectral terms, doublet fine structure, screening constants for alkali spectra for s, p. Singlet and triplet fine structure in alkaline earth spectra, L-S and J-J couplings. UNIT -IV Molecular spectra Discrete set of electronic energies of molecules, quantisation of vibrational and rotational energies, determination of internuclear distance, pure rotation and rotation- vibration spectra, Dissociation limit for the ground and other Page 13 electronic states, transition rules for pure vibration and electronic vibration spectra.

Delhi, Calcutta, Madras. Physical optics 1. Study of interference of light biprism or wedge film. Study ofF-P etalon fringes. Study of diffraction at a straight edge or a single slit. Use of diffraction grating and its resolving limit. Resolving limit of a telescope system. Polarization of light by the reflection. Study of optical rotation for any system. Electrostatics 1. Characteristics of a ballistic galvanometer. Setting up and using an electroscope or electrometer.

Page 14 Moving charges and magnetostatics 1. Transport phenomena in gases: Molecular collisions, mean free path and collision cross sections.

Estimates of molecular diameter and mean free path. Transport of mass, momentum and energy and interrelationship, dependence on temperature and pressure. UNIT - III The laws of thermodynamics: The Zeroth law, various indicator diagrams, work done by and on the system, first law of thermodynamics, internal energy as a state function and other applications.

Reversible and irreversible changes, Carnot cycle and its efficiency, Carnot theorem and the second law of thermodynamics. Different versions of the second law, practical cycles used in internal combustion engines. Entropy, principle of increase of entropy. The Page 3 thermodynamic scale of temperature; its identity with the perfect gas scale.

Impossibility of attaining the absolute zero; third law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic potentials and equilibrium of thermodynamical systems, relation with thermodynamical variables.

Cooling due to adiabatic demagnetization, production and measurement of very low temperatures. Text and Reference Books G. Agarwal and H. Agarwal and B. UNIT -II Page 4 Semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, n-type and p-type semiconductors, unbiased diode forward bias and reverse bias diodes, diode as a rectifier, diode characteristics, zener diode, avalanche and zener breakdown, power supplies, rectifier, bridge rectifier, capacitor input filter, voltage regulation, zener regulator.

Bipolar transistors, three doped regions, forward and reverse bias, DC alpha, DC beta transistor curves. Basic AC equivalent circuits, low frequency model, small signal amplifiers, common emitter amplifier, common collector amplifiers, and common base amplifiers, current and voltage gain, R. Elements of transmission and reception, basic principles of amplitude modulation and demodulation. Principle and design of linear multimeters and their application, cathode ray oscillograph and its simple applications.

Text and Reference Books B. Mechanics 1. Study of laws of parallel and perpendicular axes for moment of inertia. Study of conservation of momentum in two dimensional oscillations. Oscillations 1. Study of a compound pendulum. Study of damping of a bar pendulum under various mechanics. Study of oscillations under a bifilar suspension. Potential energy curves of a 1-Dimensional system and oscillations in it for various amplitudes.

Study of oscillations of a mass under different combinations of springs. Properties of matter 1. Study of bending of a cantilever or a beam. Study of torsion of a wire static and dynamic methods Kinetic theory of matter 1. Study of Brownian motion. Study of adiabatic expansion of a gas. Study of conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Heating efficiency of electrical kettle with varying voltages. Thermodynamics Page 6 1.

Study of temperature dependence of total radiation. Study of temperature dependence of spectral density of radiation.

Resistance thermometry. Thermo-emf thermometry 5.

Conduction of heat through poor conductors of different geometries. Circuit fundamentals 1. Charging and discharging in R. High resistance by leakage. Half wave and full wave rectifiers. Frequency response of R.

Waves I. Speed of waves on a stretched string. Studies on torsional waves in a lumped system. Study of interference with two coherent sources of sound.

Text and reference books D. Worsnop and Flint- Advanced Practical physics for students. Localised fringes; thin films, applications for precision measurements for displacements. Haidinger fringes: Fringes of equal inclination. Michelson interferometer, its application for precision determination of wavelength, wavelength difference and the width of spectral lines. Antireflection Coating, Optical filters. Intensity distribution in multiple beam interference, Tolansky fringes, Fabry-Perrot interferometer and etalon.

Fraunhoffer diffraction: Diffraction at a slit, half-period zones, phasor diagram and integral calculus methods, the intensity distribution, diffraction at a circular aperture and a circular disc, resolution of images, Rayleigh criterion, resolving power of telescope and microscopic systems, outline of phase contrast microscopy. Diffraction gratings: Diffraction at N parallel slits, intensity distribution, plane diffraction grating, reflection grating, blazed gratings.

Concave grating and different mountings. Resolving power of a grating and comparison with resolving powers of prism and of a Fabry-Perrot etalon. Analysis of polarised light.

Matrix representation of plane polarized waves, matrices for polarizers, retardation plates and rotators, Application to simple systems. Application of Lasers: Pulsed lasers and tunable lasers, spatial coherence and directionality, estimates of beam intensity; temporal coherence and spectral energy density.

Electric dipole, Field and potential due to an electric dipole, Dipole approximation for an arbitrary charge distribution, Electric quadruple, Field due to a quadruple , Electrostatic Energy of a charged uniform sphere, Energy of a condenser. Magnetic Properties of Matter Intensity of magnetization and magnetic susceptibility, Properties of Dia, Para and Ferromagnetic materials, Curie temperature, Hysteresis and its experimental determination.

Purcell Mc GrawHill. UNIT -II Schrodinger Equation and its Applications Schrodinger wave equation Interpretation of wave function, Expectation values of dynamical variables, Ehrenfest theorem, Orthonormal properties of wave functions, One dimensional motion in step potential, Rectangular barrier, Square well potential, Particle in a box, normalization Simple Harmonic Oscillator. Qualitative UNIT - III Atomic spectra Spectra of hydrogen, deuteron and alkali atoms, spectral terms, doublet fine structure, screening constants for alkali spectra for s, p.

Singlet and triplet fine structure in alkaline earth spectra, L-S and J-J couplings. UNIT -IV Molecular spectra Discrete set of electronic energies of molecules, quantisation of vibrational and rotational energies, determination of internuclear distance, pure rotation and rotation- vibration spectra, Dissociation limit for the ground and other Page 13 electronic states, transition rules for pure vibration and electronic vibration spectra.

Delhi, Calcutta, Madras. Physical optics 1. Study of interference of light biprism or wedge film. Study ofF-P etalon fringes. Study of diffraction at a straight edge or a single slit. Use of diffraction grating and its resolving limit.

Resolving limit of a telescope system. Polarization of light by the reflection. Study of optical rotation for any system. Electrostatics 1.