About Indian Railways TAG- Oct June17 · TAG- Oct June16 Railway Sports Promotion Board Expert Committee on Railways . How to use the Timetable · How to Read Time Table · Route Map with Table Numbers · Station. Train. Table. No. station station. Name. No. T. AG Train Number Index. / Balaghat. Jabalpur. Satpura. / Mumbai CST. Madgaon. Table 6: Benchmarking Indian Railways with Chinese and Russian Railways. .. year which lays out five year action plan of the Ministry of .. in execution of projects leads to time overruns and cost overruns.
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Indian Railway Time Table - Find Railways Timetable, IRCTC Train Timings and Trains Between Stations. Get full information on Train. Ministry of Railways have announced that that the New Train Time Table - will come into effect from Details are here. We are providing you unofficial release of Time Table from Indian Railways. Just save it and it'll be handy when on tour and travels. We've kept.
Luggage: heavy goods and luggage can be transported using this compartment. These compartments are spacious and only have seats along the walls and are made to haul goods.
This is because there is no ventilation system on the trains, and the train relies on natural air ventilation. This was introduced as a cost-saving measure, as an Air-Conditioning system would be rendered useless during rush hour. Leaving the doors open also allows for a fast boarding process, as the trains stop for only 10 seconds, to combat overcrowding. In , the Indian Railways manufactured first local train for journey particularly for hot and humid summer season. This rake is manufactured at Integral Coach factory, Chennai.
It has several new facilities, such as connected vestibules, cushioned seats and sliding doors. It runs from Virar to Churchgate , AC trains are fast locals and started their run at 1 January Tickets can be downloadd at every train station.
Travelling without a valid ticket is an offence and if caught can result in a penalty. The penalty is steeper for passengers travelling in first class without a valid ticket. Tickets can be bought for a single journey one way or a return journey. A return ticket is valid till the next day on weekdays and till Monday if downloadd on a Friday. The ticket counters usually have long queues. Tourist tickets are valid for one, three, or five days that can be downloadd up to three days in advance.
Platform Tickets are required to be downloadd by those members of the public not boarding trains, but who wish to access the platforms at certain long distance termini, perhaps for the purpose of receiving or seeing off a passenger. Not all stations issue platform tickets. In their absence, access to the platform is free. A person can be penalised for non-possession of this ticket. The ticket fares matrix is pasted above the CVM.
The Central Railway network has and the Western Line has This decision was taken due to extensive duplication of the coupons, and the lack of transparency. The coupons were also lacking a way to trace them.
A Season Ticket can be downloadd if one is commuting regularly. One can choose the validity of these tickets from 1-month, 3 months to a year. Season Tickets are the most cost effective and time efficient option for regular commuters.
Mobile app The ticket counters usually have long queues. This app was launched initially for Android and Windows Phone , with the iOS version developed later. After the RWallet is loaded, the app can be used to book tickets on the entire network.
Initially, the ticket booked on the app had to be printed from the ATVMs. This step was found tedious by the commuters, and was criticised. Later, in July , an update for the app was launched, which made e-tickets acceptable. This move was well received by commuters, which resulted in over 50, downloads on the launch day. The cost of the rail component of the project is to be shared equally by Ministry of Railways and Government of Maharashtra. Doors[ edit ] The Mumbai Suburban Railway is known for its open doors and windows.
This is because there is no ventilation system on the trains and the train relies on natural air ventilation. Leaving the doors open also allows for a fast boarding process and turnaround time, as the trains stop for only 10 seconds, and are at most 5 minutes apart, to combat overcrowding. Passengers often end up hanging off the edge of the footboard, off door ledges and during rush hour can lose balance and fall to their death. Teenagers and adults also attempt to perform stunts off the doorway and door ladders, thus risking their life.
Windows also have a wired grill on them, to prevent theft and chain snatching. However, passengers frequently spit paan while hanging off doors, and it ends up entering through the open window. There are also numerous records of tripping and falling down everyday while getting on and off the train, when the train is in motion, thus resulting in injury. Overcrowding[ edit ] Due to its extensive reach across the Mumbai Metropolitan Region , and its intensive use by the local urban population, the Mumbai Suburban Railway suffers from the most severe overcrowding in the world.
In India, locomotives are classified according to their gauge, motive power, the work they are suited for and their power or model number. The class name, composed of four or five letters, encodes this information. The first letter denotes the track gauge; the second denotes their motive power, diesel or alternating current electric ; the third letter denotes the type of traffic for which they are suited goods, passenger, multi or shunting. The fourth letter used to denote the chronological model number but from denotes the horsepower range for diesel locomotives.
Electric locomotives don't come under this scheme and not all diesels are covered; for these, the fourth letter denotes their chronological model number. A locomotive may have a fifth letter in its class name which denotes a technical variant, subclass or subtype, indicating a variation in the basic model or series, possibly different motors or a different manufacturer.
This classification system does not apply to heritage steam locomotives which retain their historical class names such as M class or WP class. The railway carried 93 million tonnes of goods in —51, increasing to million tonnes in — However, its share in goods traffic is much lower than road traffic. Since the s, Indian Railways has stopped single-wagon consignments and provides only full-rake freight trains.
Wagon types include: They have second-class and first-class seating accommodation. Passenger coaches numbered 46, and other coaches luggage coach, parcel van, guard's coach, mail coach, etc. The Chittaranjan Locomotive Works in Chittaranjan makes electric locomotives. The Diesel Locomotive Works in Varanasi makes diesel locomotives. These have a monocoque construction, and the floor is an integral unit with the undercarriage.
The Rail Coach Factory in Kapurthala also makes coaches. Some electric locomotives have been supplied by BHEL, Jhansi and Palakkad , and locomotive components are manufactured in several other plants around the country. It is the broadest gauge in use across the world for passenger movement. All of these routes, except the heritage routes, are being converted to broad gauge. Urban rail transit systems in India mostly use standard gauge tracks.
Trams in Kolkata , the only remaining tram service in the country uses standard gauge tracks. All other metro lines — constructed, under construction, future — use standard gauge tracks.
Gurgaon has a Metro system operated by a private organisation. Metro tracks are being constructed or planned in all million-plus cities in the country. This was primarily to meet the growing traffic on these metros. Since then, the entire electrified mainline rail network in India uses 25 kV AC, and DC traction is used only for metros and trams. Indian Railways announced on 31 March that the country's entire rail network would be electrified by IR uses a range of signalling technologies and methods to manage its train operations based on traffic density and safety requirements.
Few low density routes still use manual block signalling methods with communication on track clearance based on physical exchange of tokens.
As of March IR primarily uses coloured signal lights , which replaced semaphores and disc-based signalling dependent on position or colour. Signals at most stations are interlocked using Panel Interlocking , Route-Relay Interlocking or Electronic Interlocking methods that eliminate scope for human signalling errors.
IR uses track circuiting , and block proving axle counters for train detection. Rail links between India and neighbouring countries are not well developed. Two trains operate to Pakistan: Bangladesh is connected by the biweekly Maitree Express , which runs from Kolkata to Dhaka , and Bandhan Express , which began running commercial trips between Kolkata and Khulna in November Two rail links to Nepal exist: Indian and Bangladeshi governments planned to start work by January on a new rail link to ease surface transport.
No rail link exists with Myanmar but a railway line is to be built from Jiribam in Manipur to Tamu through Imphal and Moreh. No rail link exists with either China or Sri Lanka. Before December , stations were classified into A1, A, B, C, D, E and F categories, based only on the passenger earnings from the sales of platform tickets, thus limiting the ability of IR to better focus its investments in passenger amenities. IR has several classes of travel with or without air conditioning; a train may include just one or several of these.
Slow passenger trains have only unreserved seating class whereas Rajdhani, Duronto, Shatabdi, Garib Rath and Yuva trains have only air-conditioned classes. The fares are different for each class with unreserved seating class being the cheapest. The fare of Rajdhani, Duronto and Shatabdi trains includes food served in the train, but for other trains food has to be bought separately.
Luxury trains such as Palace on Wheels have separate dining cars but fares are comparable to a five-star hotel. A standard passenger train has four unreserved also called "general" coaches, two at the front and two at the end, of which one may be exclusively for ladies.
The number of other coaches varies according to the demand and route. A luggage coach may be included at the front or back. In some mail trains, a separate mail coach is attached. Lavatories are communal and feature both the Indian style as well as the Western style. The following table lists the classes in operation.
A train may not include all of these classes. At the rear of the train is a special compartment known as the guard's cabin. It is fitted with a transceiver and is where the guard usually gives the all-clear signal before the train departs. Trains are sorted into categories which dictate the number of stops on a route, their priority on the network and their fare structure. Each express train is identified by a five-digit number.
If the first digit is 0, the train is a special train which will operate for a limited period of time with a different fare structure. A first digit of 5 denotes a passenger train. The second digit indicates the zone operating the train.
However, for high-speed trains, the second digit is either 0 or 2 the first remains 1 or 2. Trains traveling in opposite directions along the same route are usually labelled with consecutive numbers. Trains are classified by average speed. Most express trains have special names to identify them easily. The names of the trains usually denote the regions they connect, the routes they traverse; a famous person or a tourist spot connected with the train.
The Palace on Wheels is a luxury-train service, frequently hauled by a steam locomotive, to promote tourism in Rajasthan.
Royal Rajasthan on Wheels covers a number of tourist destinations in Rajasthan. The Deccan Odyssey covers tourist destinations in Maharashtra and Goa.
Pride of the South  and Splendor of the South. The Golden Chariot is a luxury train service. The Fairy Queen , a tourist attraction as the world's oldest operating steam engine, hauls a luxury train from Delhi to Alwar. India has some of the lowest train fares in the world. Basic passenger traffic is heavily subsidised by more-expensive higher-class fares.
In the Railways started using a computerised ticketing system. The entire ticketing system went online in to provide up-to-date information on status and availability. The ticketing network is computerised to a large extent, with the exception of some remote places. Computerized tickets can be booked for any two points in the country, through the Internet and via mobile phones, though this method carries an additional surcharge. Discounted tickets are available for senior citizens above 60 years and some other categories of passengers including the disabled, students, athletes, persons affected by serious diseases, or persons appearing for competitive examinations.
One compartment of the lowest class of accommodation is reserved for ladies in every passenger-carrying train. Some berths or seats in sleeper class and second class are also reserved for ladies.
Foreign tourists can download an Indrail Pass ,  which is modelled on the Eurail Pass , permitting unlimited travel in India for a specific time period. For long-distance travel, reservation of a berth can be made up to days before departure. The ticket price usually includes the base fare, which depends on the classification of the train example: If a seat is not available then the ticket is given a waitlist number; otherwise the ticket is confirmed and a berth number is printed on the ticket.
A person receiving a wait-listed ticket may be able to obtain a confirmed ticket if there are sufficient cancellations.
Tickets booked through this site are categorised into iTickets and eTickets. While travelling on an eTicket, one must carry an authorised valid photo identity card. Cancellation of eTickets are also done online, without the requirement for the passenger to go to any counter.
Unreserved tickets are available for download on the platform at any time before departure. An unreserved-ticket holder may only board the general-compartment class. All suburban networks issue unreserved tickets valid for a limited time. For frequent commuters, a season pass monthly or quarterly guarantees unlimited travel between two stops. The Mumbai Suburban Railway is India's first commuter rail system and transports 6.
The first modern rapid transit in India is the Kolkata Metro which started operations in , as the 17th Zone of Indian Railways. The Namma Metro in Bangalore became India's third rapid-transit system in Further systems in planning include: Some of these may be under construction and planned to be opened shortly.
Monorail is generally considered a feeder system for the metro trains in India. The Mumbai Monorail , which started in , is the first operational monorail network in India  excluding the Skybus Metro since the Patiala State Monorail Trainways closed in Like monorail, light rail is also considered a feeder for the metro systems.
In addition to trains, trams were introduced in many cities in late 19th century, though almost all of these were phased out. The trams in Kolkata are currently the only tram system in the country. Though state-owned companies like IR and the various metro companies enjoy a near monopoly in India, a few private railways do exist. These private railway lines are used exclusively for freight.
There are railway lines owned and operated by companies including plantations, sugar mills, collieries and other mines, dams, harbours and ports. The Pipavav Rail Corporation holds a year concession for building and operating a railway line from Pipavav to Surendranagar. Most of its profits come from transporting freight, and this makes up for losses on passenger traffic. It deliberately keeps its passenger fares low.
According to the Report of High Level Safety Review Committee of , from —08 to October casualties in train accidents accounted for 1, deaths and 2, injuries. In the same period 1, railway staff were killed and 8, injured. The committee estimated that almost 15, persons get killed each year by what is called unlawful trespassing.
IR announced that by all trains would be electric to reduce their carbon footprint. The railway has undertaken several initiatives to upgrade its ageing infrastructure and improve its quality of service. All routes will be electrified to save on imported-fuel costs 48 percent of the network was electrified by May , with full electrification planned by March Safety projects include the elimination of an average of 1, unguarded level crossings per year by building an average of 1, overpasses and underpasses per year;   an automated fire alarm system on Rajdhani Express trains was begun in , extending to the air-conditioned coaches of all trains,  and 6, GPS-enabled Fog Pilot Assistance System railway signalling devices replacing the practice of placing firecrackers on tracks to alter train drivers installed in in four zones: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Main article: History of rail transport in India. Thane railway viaducts. The smaller railway viaduct top and the longer railway viaduct bottom near Thane in Locomotives in India. Wagon numbering system in India. See also: Project Unigauge. Central Organisation for Railway Electrification. Railway signal and Railway signalling. Indian Railways coaching stock. Main articles: Train numbering , Named passenger trains , Longest train services , and Longest non-stop run. Urban rail transit in India.
Trams in India. Future of rail transport in India. Railways in India portal India portal. Ministry of Railway.
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