Further reproduction prohibited without permission. A World Without ISLAM. Graham E Fuller. Foreign Policy; Jan/Feb ; ; Research Library pg. Graham Fuller. A World Without Islam. London: Little, Brown and Company, . Article (PDF Available) · January with Reads. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. In this wide-ranging historical text, Fuller, former A World Without Islam - Kindle edition by Graham E. Fuller.
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There Is No Preview Available For This Item. This item does not appear to have any files that can be experienced on medical-site.info Newsweek Interactive, LLC. A World without Islam. Author(s): Graham E. Fuller. Source: Foreign Policy, No. (Jan. - Feb., ), pp. What if Islam never existed? To some, it's a comforting thought: no clash of civilizations, no holy wars, no medical-site.info what if that weren't the case at all?.
Given our intense current focus on terrorism, war, and rampant anti-Americanism—some of the Graham E. Fuller is a former vice chairman of the National Intelligence Council at the CIA in charge of long-range strategic forecasting.
He is currently adjunct professor of history at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver. Palgrave Macmillan, Is Islam, in fact, the source of the problem, or does it tend to lie with other less obvious and deeper factors? For the sake of argument, in an act of historical imagination, picture a Middle East in which Islam had never appeared. Would we then be spared many of the current challenges before us? Would the Middle East be more peaceful? How different might the character of East-West relations be?
Without Islam, surely the international order would present a very different picture than it does today. Or would it? From the earliest days of a broader Middle East, Islam has seemingly shaped the cultural norms and even political preferences of its followers.
How can we then separate Islam from the Middle East? Without Islam, the face of the region still remains complex and conflicted. Take the Persians: Long before Islam, successive great. Buddhist Vietnam. Look at the long history of Latin American Still.
We would have to ily expanded into a Christian Algeria to seize its assume that a restless and expansive medieval Eurorich farmlands and establish a colony. Move the clock forward to the age of oil in the Middle East.
And then there are the powerful forces of diverse Arab tribes and traders expanding and migrating into other Semitic areas of the Middle East before Islam. Persian empires pushed to the doors of Athens and were the perpetual rivals of whoever inhabited Anatolia. That is a far reach. The West still would have built and controlled the same choke points. Would Middle Eastern states.
The Middle East would have emerged. Islam had never nomics. The banner of Christianity was little more way it actually reacted under Islam. Contesting Semitic peoples. And Europeans still would have installed the same pliable local rulers to accommodate their needs. These struggles—over power. Apart markets. Confucian China. Struggles over have welcomed imperial Western oil companies.
In short. Mongols would still have overrun and destroyed the civilizations of Central Asia and much of the Middle East in the 13th century. Turks still would have conquered Anatolia. After all.
Nor would Middle Eastern Christians remains complex and conflicted. The Italians. In fact. These horrific examples of anti-Semitism were firmly rooted in Western Christian lands and culture.
Why would a Christian Middle East have looked any different? And then there is Palestine. Greece only emerged from church-linked dictatorship a few decades ago. Most Christian African nations have not fared much better.
Christians who shamelessly persecuted Jews for more than a millennium. Christian Russia is still not out of the woods. Far from uniting under religion. Latin America was riddled with dictators. But surely Christians in the Middle East would have at least been religiously predisposed toward the West. Michel Aflaq. Until quite recently. It was. And the new Jewish state would still have dislodged the same Spain and Portugal ended harsh dictatorships only in the mids.
Jews would therefore have still sought a homeland outside Europe. Would not these Arab Palestinians have fought to protect or regain their land?
The Israeli-Palestinian problem remains at heart a national. Without Islam. Take Greece. Moscow would enjoy special influence. Other Arab peoples would still have supported the Iraqi Arabs in their trauma of occupation. The United States did not overthrow Saddam Hussein. Eastern Orthodox Christians never forgot or forgave the sacking of Christian Constantinople by Western Crusaders in It still maintains residual fears about the West that parallel in many ways current Muslim insecurities: This resulted in both a resentment of the West and in the inferiority complex so common in Muslim countries today.
Fuller offers Western leaders a plan to end terrorism, a plan that calls for the United States, and other Western nations, to leave the Middle East to itself. Among other things, he suggests that finding a solution to the Palestinian conflict and a ceasing of support for corrupt Middle Eastern dictatorships will begin to ease the tension. Rather than the West spending trillions of dollars on war and aggression, he believes that spending a tenth of that money on universities, schools, clinics and hospitals in the Middle East would cripple the sources of terrorism.
Little is said about the silence of mainstream Muslim leaders to condemn the activities of those who slaughter thousands around the world in the name of God. While I might concede that the world would be much the same even if Islam had never existed, the author did not convince me that the present conflict would be playing out in the same terms today if that were the case.
Find out more about OverDrive accounts. What if Islam never existed? To some, it's a comforting thought: But what if that weren't the case at all? Fuller guides us along an illuminating journey through history, geopolitics, and religion to investigate whether or not Islam is indeed the cause of some of today's most emotional and important international crises.
Fuller takes us from the birth of Islam to the fall of Rome to the rise and collapse of the Ottoman Empire. He examines and analyzes the roots of terrorism, the conflict in Israel, and the role of Islam in supporting and energizing the anti-imperial struggle. Provocatively, he finds that contrary to the claims of many politicians, thinkers, theologians, and soldiers, a world without Islam might not look vastly different from what we know today.