PDF | This paper discusses the nutritional compositions and the nutritional importance of selected edible wild plants from all over the world. Data are exposed on. PDF | Wild plants have since ancient times, played a very important role Edible wild plants play a critical role in ensuring food and livelihood. Edible Parts: This plant's general appearance would not indicate its usefulness to Edible Parts: Its young leaves, flowers, and pods are edible raw or cooked.

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Edible Plants Pdf

Wild edible plants (WEPs) are known to make important contributions to food PDF. Bharucha, Z., and J. Pretty. The roles and values of wild foods in. This book is a comprehensive catalog of wild plants, mushroom, and fruit that Some of the most common edible plants in the vegetable arena are, potatoes. Partridge berries without making note of where and how the plants grew and when the fruit ripened? The more important edible wild plants are described here.

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Diversity of use and local knowledge of wild edible plant resources in Nepal | SpringerLink

Preparedness Advice. Skip to content. Cardboard and wax stoves can provide heat for cooking and comfort. Wild Mustard Plants and Some of its Uses. Pin Share 2K. This entry was posted in edible plants , survival and tagged army , edible plants , free manuals , herbalism , herbs , military survival , shelter , survival , Water Purification , weather , winter survival. Bookmark the permalink. April 19, at 8: William Davis says: Bearman says: April 20, at Ralph says: April 20, at 2: CommonSense says: April 20, at 8: Veteran Who Is Preparing says: April 25, at 9: Mikey says: October 20, at 1: Jackie says: September 3, at 5: God bless, Jackie.

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Deborah says: September 4, at 3: X says: December 20, at 5: Good collection of resources. BUT F. Jeff says: The selection of plants for nutritional analysis was based on the preferences and recommendation by the local community, market demand and availability in the natural habitat. Plants were collected, photographed Fig.

Collected plants were identified with the help of relevant literature and floras Sinha, ; Singh et al. For correct nomenclature and author citation of the collected species, the online database like the International Plant Names Index, The Plant Lists and Tropicos were referred. Proximate Nutritional analysis Sample preparation- The freshly collected healthy leaves were thoroughly washed with tap water to remove soil, dust particle, etc.

Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide

The washed leaves were dried with blotting paper at room temperature to remove surface water. The dried plant samples were ground into fine powder in a mixer grinder and these powdered samples were then stored in air tight containers at room temperature.

Total carbohydrate was calculated by drawing a standard graph plotting concentration of the standard glucose on the X-axis and absorbance on the Y-axis. The materials were filtered through muslin cloth and washed with H2SO4, water and alcohol. The crude fibre is estimated by determining the final weight of the ignited residue in muffle furnace Sadasivam and Manickan, The end point is the appearance of pink colour which persisted for few minutes.

About 60 wild edible plants were documented during the field and market surveys. Field data were analyzed and attempt has been made to select the most utilized and preferred species by the community.

Accordingly 5 species namely Brassaiopsishainla, Gnetum gnemon, Pilea scripta, Rhyncho techum ellipticum and Sarcochlamys pulcherrima used as vegetables and widely accepted in the tradition and culture of the Rongmei have been selected. One species Gnetum gnemon belongs to Gymnosperm while the rest are under Dicotyledons of Angiosperms.

It has been found that all the 5 species used as vegetable are also used as medicine for curing different health ailments. The ethnomedicinal uses of these species reveals that the species are used for treatment of 7 different ailments.

Among the 5 species, three species namely Brassaiopsis hainla, Pileascripta and Rhynchotechum ellipticum are used against two diseases each while Gnetum gnemon and Sarcochlamys pulcherrima are used to treat one disease each.

Because of their common preference, these species are sold commonly in local marketswhich support the marginal income of the poor. The details of the ethnobotanical uses of all the 5 species with their botanical identity is provided table 1. Table Ethnobotanical uses of wild edible plants Botanical name Local name Ethnobotanical uses Habit [Family]; voucher specimens Rongmei As vegetable As medicine i Boiled leaves and Tender leaves inflorescence are taken against Brassaiopsis hainla Lainong Shrub cooked as hypertension Seem.

Boiled leaves are taken for Ganmakhen Shrub vegetable. Roasted [Gnetaceae]; RP irregular menstrual cycle seed are edible. Gankarek Herb sprain. Bonite Goibalei small preferred with ii Boiled leaves along with [Urticaceae]; RP sized tree tubers of Vernonia bicolor leaves also Colocasiasp taken for diabetics.

The recent ethnobotanical works from the state Salam et al. However, the edible usage of Rhynchotechum ellipticum was reported by Pfoze et al. The edible usage of Rhynchotechum ellipticum, Sarcochlamys pulcherrima and Gnetum gnemon by some tribes of Assam have also been reported Sharma and Pegu, ; Terangpi et al. Proximate nutritional composition The proximate nutritional composition of the five plants is presented in table 2.

The crude protein content of the five plant samples ranges from 8. The present recorded range of the crude protein is found similar with some other wild vegetable plants preferred and consumed in different parts of India like Amaranthus virdis 7.

Gopalan et al. These indicate that the wild leafy vegetables are also very good sources of protein. Maximum total carbohydrate content The present report is comparable to those species eaten by the tribes of the state Arunachal Pradesh like Phoebe lanceolata fruit 8.

Saha et al. The leaves of Brassaiopsis hainla and Gnetum gnemon contained the highest amount of crude fibre The crude fibre content of these leafy vegetable is close to those reported in some wild edible food plants used in Pakistan and Arunachal Pradesh state of India Shad et al.

The crude fibre content of the present study is higher than those in some commercial vegetables like broad beans 8. The vitamin C content was found maximum in Sarcochlamys pulcherrima Zennie and Ogzewalla Maximum amount of ether-extracted fat was found in leaves of Pilea scripta 2.

The result was close to that found in some leaves of wild edible plants consumed by Bodo tribe of Assam Brahma et al. Similar range of crude fat content in dry weight 1. Low fat content in the vegetable can be recommended to individuals suffering from overweight or obesity. Ganmakhen The Rongmei tribe of Manipur depends largely on wild plant resources for their livelihood and possesses rich traditional knowledge system.

The 5 selected species that are mostly used by the Rongmei tribe for vegetables and medicine are also found with rich nutritional potential and areeven superior to some domesticated varieties.

These species can be promoted for the large scale cultivation and marketing for the benefit of the local tribe and other communities. Domestication of such wild edible plants should be encouraged with proper conservative measures,sustainable utilization and harvesting of the resources to preserve the local gene pool.

The authors express their gratitude to Dr. Conflict of Interest: We declare that there is no conflict of interest in the present work.

Nutritional quality of some wild leafy vegetables in South Africa. Int J Food SciNutr. Brahma, J. Nutritional analysis of some selected wild edible species consumed by the Bodo tribes of Kokrajar district, BTC, Assam. Asian J Pharm Clin Res. Chowdhery, H. Materials for the Flora of Arunachal Pradesh. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. Daimei, P. Ethnobotanical uses of gingers in Tamenglong district, Manipur, Northeast India.

Genet Resour Crop Evol. Meaning in Rongmei. Int Journal of Linguist. Deshmukh, B.

Diversity of use and local knowledge of wild edible plant resources in Nepal

Role of wild edible fruits as a food resources: Traditional knowledge. Int J Pharm Life Sci. Devi, O. A checklist of traditional edible bio-resources from Ima markets of Imphal Valley, Manipur. Indian J Threat Taxa. Dwebe, T.

Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide

Conserving indigenous knowledge as the key to the current and future use of traditional vegetables. Int J Inform Manage. India state of Forest Report.

Wild edible plants used by Zou tribe in Manipur, India. Int J Sci Res Publ. Gopalan, C. Nutritive Value of Indian Foods. Grivetti, L. Value of traditional foods in meeting macro- and micronutrient needs: the wild plant connection. Nutr Res Rev. Jain, A.

Nutritional value of some traditional edible plants used by tribal communities during emergency with reference to Central India. Indian J Tradit Know. Jain, S. A hand book of field and herbarium methods. A Manual of Ethnobotany. Scientific Publisher, Jodhpur, India. Jayanti, Agarwal, K. Nutritional Assessment of Leaves of Wild edible plant Urticaardence. Indian J Pharm Biol Res. Kalita, P. Evaluation of nutritional potential of five unexplored wild edible food plants from Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot Region India.

Kallas, J. Edible wild plants. Wild foods from dirt to plate. Gibbs Smith, Layton, Utah. Konsam, S. Assessment of wild leafy vegetables traditionally consumed by the ethnic communities of Manipur, northeast India. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. Makuga, G.

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