Anne Frank's The Diary of a Young Girl is among the most enduring For those who know and love Anne Frank, The Definitive Edition is a. PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy . 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | On Dec 18, , Luisse Zanther Carreos and others In , Anne Frank, a girl of 13 receives a diary as her birthday present.
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pdf> by AAARGH Editions colossal hoax surrounding the Anne Frank diary is so immense, the implications so profound that mankind must. THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL: THE DEFINITIVE EDITION Anne Frank Edited by Otto H. Frank and Mirjam Pressler Translated by Susan Massotty BOOK FLAP . View and download medical-site.info on DocDroid.
A propos of Jan and Mr. Kleiman's stories about the many resistance groups that have been popping up lately, Anne reflects on how selfless and generous Bep, Miep, Jan, Mr. Kleiman, and Mr. Kugler have been in assisting her family. Anne's reflection on their generosity offers further evidence of her growing maturity — she is learning to be grateful for the people in her life in a way that she hadn't when she was younger.
Active Themes January 30th. Anne goes downstairs in the dark and stares up at the sky. Seeing the German planes, she realizes that she's utterly alone — she doesn't feel afraid, however, given that she suddenly feels strong faith in God.
She reflects that she has a strong desire to be alone. This is the first time Anne connects gazing up at the sky with her connection to God.
This is also the first time Anne has connected her feeling of isolation with a feeling of strength. Active Themes February 3rd. Rumors are flying about a potential Allied invasion of Holland. There's speculation that the Germans might destroy the dams and flood the Netherlands, and the Annex dwellers joke about what they might do to survive such a thing.
Anne doesn't pay any heed to their speculations. Anne's jaded attitude toward the Allied invasion can be seen as part of being a teenager and as part of the effect confinement has had on her psyche. Active Themes February 12th. The sun is out, and Anne is full of longing for something she can't quite articulate.
I feel spring awakening, I feel it in my entire body and soul. I have to force myself to act normally. Anne reveals that her longing is at least partially resolved. Following a small argument with Mr. Dussel, Peter takes Anne aside and confides in her that in the past he used to fly into rages.
Peter admits that he admires how Anne handles confrontations. Anne is pleased to finally feel some of the fellowship with him—with anybody—that she used to experience with her girlfriends. Interestingly, it's only now that Anne feels she has truly connected with Peter — their earlier conversation about sex evidently didn't alleviate her feelings of isolation. It's clear that Anne seeks an emotional connection, and she feels she's found a way to experience this with Peter.
Active Themes February 16th. On Margot's birthday, Anne takes it upon herself to fetch the potatoes from the attic. Anne runs into Peter on her way to get the potatoes his room just so happens to be en route to the attic and he gives her a look that causes Anne to feel like she's glowing inside. Anne seems to be in denial about wanting to see and spend time with Peter, even though she's clearly going out of her way to run into him.
She also seems to be in denial about how she feels about him — in this scene, there's clearly a romantic connection. Active Themes Mrs.
Frank then sends Anne up for more potatoes. On this second trip Peter and Anne end up talking to each other. Peter mentions that he's thinking about converting to Christianity after the war, given that it will make his life easier.
Anne is secretly dismayed by this touch of dishonesty in Peter's nature. Peter quickly adds that he feels the Jews are the chosen people.
Later, after speaking with Peter again, Anne comes to realize that he needs affection just as she does. She also speculates that Peter has an inferiority complex. Anne's romantic idealization of Peter butts heads with the real Peter both inner and outer.
While she's happy and relieved to be able to connect with Peter as a friend, she's a tad dismayed to discover that he's imperfect. She's disappointed in his "dishonesty," but can Peter really be blamed for wanting to at least outwardly give up his Jewish faith, given everything the Nazis have put them through?
Active Themes February 18th. Anne admits that whenever she goes upstairs, it's always to see Peter.
Anne quickly explains that while she feels her life has improved, she isn't in love with him. Anne's relationship with Peter deepens. Not surprisingly, then, while Anne Frank continues to serve as the most recognizable face of the Holocaust, hers is a generic European Holocaust, largely devoid of those particular circumstances that shaped her life, work, and ultimate fate.
I maintain that both the creation and contents of the diary should be read for what they do provide: a window into the Holocaust, as it was both implemented and experienced in the German-occupied Netherlands during the years of Foray Thirteen-year old Anne Frank began her now-famous diary on June 12, , two years into the German occupation.
Accorded a relatively privileged position within the Nazi New Order, the Dutch were to be won over with promises, concessions, and, only if and when necessary, overt force. Rather, for the next two years, scores of restrictive laws chipped away at the rights and privileges enjoyed by Dutch Jews. By the time Anne Frank penned her first diary entry in the summer of , the identification and isolation of Jews living in the occupied Netherlands was nearly complete.
At the beginning of the occupation, the Jewish population of the Netherlands—which was concentrated in Amsterdam and other northern cities, such as Rotterdam and The Hague—numbered over ,, out of a total population of approximately nine million. Included in this total figure are the 23, men, women, and children who, in the course of the s, had arrived in the Netherlands as refugees from Nazi Germany and Austria. The Frank family was among them. By the end of that year, his wife, Edith, and their two young girls—seven-year old Margot and four-year old Anne—had joined him.
If they so wished, refugees in this neighborhood could live relatively self-contained lives, speaking German with one another and traveling in the same circles as their fellow Jewish refugees from cities such as Berlin, Frankfurt, or Vienna. Still, this River District area was no Jewish ghetto but, rather, a solidly middle- and upper- middle-class neighborhood populated by Jews and non-Jews alike, with native-born Dutch living alongside refugees from Nazi Germany.
She earned high grades in school, and as Dutch-language Anne Frank and the Holocaust of the Dutch Jews readers of the diary can attest, she mastered her adopted tongue. At the same time, she remained keenly aware of her German background, even if she later described the Germans as an uncivilized, brutal people. Unlike her younger sister, who dreamed of becoming a famous writer or a Hollywood actor, Margot belonged to a local Zionist youth group and aspired to become a midwife in Palestine.
Of the four members of the family, only mother Edith Frank seemed to experience considerable difficulty adapting to life in her adopted country. In their defense, Edith Frank and other refugees had ample reason to feel out of place. Certain prominent members of the more established Jewish communities worked to assist these refugees as they arrived from Nazi Germany and Austria in the s, but, on the whole, native-born Dutch Jews kept their distance, as they feared that this sudden influx of refugees would foster anti-Semitism in the Netherlands.
Nor did the behavior of these newly arrived Germans and Austrians help the situation, either: widely perceived as arrogant, loud, and condescending, the refugees were accused of failing to exhibit the model behavior expected of a group desperately needing hospitality. Three years later, the German occupiers would refashion Westerbork into a Jewish transit camp, a mid- way point for those Jews en route to the concentration and death camps in Germany and Poland.
Of course, those Dutch authorities responsible for the original creation of Westerbork could not have envisioned the purposes to which it would be put.
Still, the point remains that if pre-war Dutch society was not anti-Semitic to its core, then refugees such as the Franks were hardly welcomed with open arms, either. After the arrival of German forces in May , the situation of these refugees continued to deteriorate, as did the position of all Jews in the German-occupied Netherlands, regardless of their status as citizens or mere residents.
In alone, hundreds of Jews in the Netherlands committed suicide. The vast majority of Dutch Jews in the Netherlands, however, lacked the financial resources, necessary permits and paperwork, or the impetus Jennifer L. Foray to undertake this voyage. Like their fellow co-religionists elsewhere throughout German-occupied Europe, most Dutch Jews simply settled into life under the new regime and consoled themselves with the knowledge that the first anti-Jewish laws instituted during the summer of appeared relatively inconsequential.
But over the course of the next few months, Reichskommissar Arthur Seyss-Inquart dramatically expanded the scope and pace of these anti-Jewish efforts. Seen in retrospect, however, the most ominous of these new German directives was the January 10, decree requiring that all Jews register with their local government authorities or population registry. Identified in this fashion, Jews in the Netherlands were thus marked for further discriminatory measures, including detainment, deportation, and, ultimately, death.
Beginning in April , all new anti-Jewish laws—and the punishments to be assessed for violation of these laws—would appear solely in Het Joodsche Weekblad, the weekly paper published by the main Jewish Council offices in Amsterdam.
Since relocating Anne Frank and the Holocaust of the Dutch Jews to the Netherlands in , Otto Frank had directed a number of related enterprises producing spices, jam-making supplies, and other household products. For all intents and purposes, however, Otto would retain executive authority over his business enterprises, which allowed him to draw upon a regular source of income.
This access to funding would prove absolutely essential for a family in hiding, which continued to require the necessities of daily life but at a higher wartime premium. In , he had applied for visas to the United States, but for American purposes, the Franks were considered German Jews, albeit residents in the then-unoccupied Netherlands. With the immigration quota for Germany already exceeded, the Franks would continue to languish on the waiting list for the next three years.
In April , Otto reactivated his quest for a visa, prompted to do so, apparently by the blackmail efforts of a local Dutch Nazi. Having intercepted a letter reporting anti-German utterances made by Otto Frank, this Dutch Nazi approached Otto and demanded money.
Documents recently unearthed at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York reveal that, between April 30, and December 11, , Otto frantically searched for financial and other forms of support—advice, affidavits, personal intervention with State Department officials—from these contacts, including his college friend Nathan Straus Jr.
These efforts would come to naught. By the summer of , the State Department had tightened visa conditions and entry requirements, and the German authorities had closed American consulates in their occupied territories. Personal intervention from even the wealthy and well-positioned Straus could not have assured the entire Frank family safe passage from occupied Europe. At some point late or early , Otto and Edith Frank made the decision to go underground.
Like the Franks, the van Pels had fled Nazi Germany in the s. Having made the fateful decision to hide together, the two families stocked the hiding place with food, furniture, bedclothes, and other necessities, careful not to arouse suspicion amongst warehouse workers downstairs, neighbors, and visitors to the company. Apparently, the Franks wished to shield their children from the worst of the anti-Jewish persecution then underway but also minimize the risk that friends, neigh- bors, and classmates would learn of these plans.
Furthermore, Anne and Margot Frank had enough to worry about. With the beginning of the fall school year, Jewish children in the Netherlands were removed from their regular schools and forced to attend special Jewish schools containing only Jewish students and teachers.
Anne had to leave her beloved Montes- sori school, located near her home, and travel across town to the Jewish Lyceum. She and her friends could frequent only Jewish-owned cafes and places of entertainment, since Jews were prohibited from cinemas, public parks and zoos, swimming pools, and museums, to cite but a few examples. In early May of , the German authorities introduced the yellow Star of David, which was to be worn by all Jewish men, women, and children.
As part of a total travel ban instituted the following month, Jews were now forbidden to use public transportation. And, because her bicycle had been stolen around Easter of that year, Anne was forced to walk an hour and a half, each way, to school. In any case, this theft soon ceased to matter because shortly thereafter, German authorities announced that Jews would no longer be allowed to ride or own bicycles.
Unbeknownst to the Franks and, indeed, nearly all Dutch Jews save for select members of the Jewish Council, deportations from the Netherlands would commence later in this summer of Such was the beginning of the massive deportations that would continue throughout this year and the next. By this point, the Dutch Jews had been identified and marked, stripped of nearly all property and assets, their livelihoods and freedom of movement severely restricted.
Seen in retrospect, we know that deportation and extermination would soon follow, but neither Anne nor other contemporary observers could write about round-ups and deportations yet to begin. Secondly, and despite her rapid maturation within the walls of the secret annex, Anne Frank was a child during the first two years of the occupation, and she experienced the anti-Jewish regulations as a child.
By virtue of her age and position in society, Anne simply did not have the access to observe, understand, and report upon the workings of the Jewish Council, as did, for instance, Etty Hillesum, fifteen years her senior. This is not to say that the young diarist remained entirely unaware of the persecutory efforts directed against the Dutch Jews, but, rather, she wrote about those circumstances directly affecting her life: the travel restrictions, the nightly curfews, the fact that all Jewish students needed to enroll in special Jewish schools as of the fall of But this perspective is hardly unique to the diary, since countless diaries, memoirs, and ego- documents provide but partial views into the persecution of European Jews.
If we discount the diary, we must discount these works, too. Another criticism of the diary centers upon the atypical wartime situation of the Frank family. We had to sit still all day and not say a word! That was the most difficult thing for me. It was very fine and inspiring. Will it help? It won't help the people of our religion. For instance, on Sunday, when British planes dropped half a million kilos of bombs on Ijmuiden, how the houses trembled like a wisp of grass in the wind, and who knows how many epidemics now rage.
You don't know anything about all these things, and I would need to keep on writing the whole day if I were to tell you everything in detail.
Little children of eight and eleven years break the windows of peoples homes and steal whatever they can lay their hands on. No one dares to leave his house unoccupied for five minutes, because if you go, your things go too. Every day there are announcements in the newspapers offering rewards for the return of lost property, typewriters, Persian rugs, electric clocks, cloth, etc.
Electric clocks in the streets are dismantled, public telephones are pulled to pieces down to the last thread. Morale among the population can't be good, the weekly rations are not enough to last for two days except the coffee substitute.
The invasion is a long time coming, and the men have to go to Germany. The children are ill or undernourished, everyone is wearing old clothes and old shoes.
A new sole costs 7. Dussel resided which is the Secret Annexe. In the images above, the floor plans and the inside of the Secret Annexe and the places where they hid, and do all sorts of activities are illustrated. The Secret Annexe was said to be the perfect hiding place for people who are hunted, they stayed for a long time and they were never found, added the bookcase which was a clever thing to place so that the people in the Annexe would less likely be discovered.
This theme also describes the weather in Amsterdam and the surroundings as seen through the Window in the attic. Another interesting thing said in the diary is their bathroom activities which was very hard because of the scarce room space as well as the probabilities that if they would make too much noise, neighbours might suspect of people hiding in the annexe which would lead to their latter discovery.
Place was used to describe how they lived behind the Office Building of Otto Frank. Everything was considered using Place to prevent people to discover their hiding. Place was relevant to determine how they would do daily activities and how they would overcome distribution of spaces and ways of doing things. I looked around and there was the nice-looking boy I met on the previous evening, at my girl friend Eva's home.
He came shyly towards me and introduced himself as Harry Goldberg. I was rather surprised and wondered what he wanted, but I didn't have to wait long.
He asked if I would allow him to accompany me to school. Harry is sixteen and can tell all kinds of amusing stories. He was waiting for me again this morning and I expect he will from now on. He told me that his grandmother doesn't like our meetings. But on Wednesday nights, his grandmother thinks that he goes to woodwork lessons — he doesn't, so he'll be free to meet me! And he said that he wants to see me on Saturdays and Sundays too!
We had a big tea, and went out for a walk together later. It was ten past eight when he brought me home. Father was very angry because it is so dangerous to be out after eight o'clock. I promised to come home by ten to eight in future. The Germans could take everything away and us too.
I was so frightened that I asked Father to take me back upstairs! I thought someone might hear it. We have to be very quiet at night. Another person is coming to live here. Eight is no more difficult than seven, and it is so dangerous for Jews now. We have chosen a dentist called Alfred Dussel. He seems to be nice. Miep knows him, and she will help him to get here. He will have to sleep in my room though, and Margot will have to move in with our parents.
We'll ask him to fill the holes in our teeth! Everything went smoothly. He came to the warehouse, and Miep asked him to take off his coat, so that no one could see the yellow star. Then she brought him to the private office. He still had no idea where he was going, or what was going to happen!
When she opened our bookcase door, he was so surprised! He thought we had left the country. We were waiting around the table, ready to welcome him with a drink. We gave him the list of rules for the Secret Annexe that the van Dins had written. Open all year round: Beautiful, quiet, free from dam.
Van be reached by trams 13 and 17, also by car or bicycle. In special cases also on foot, if the Germans prevent the use of transport. Board and Lodging Price: Free. Food: Special fat free diet. Running Water: in the bathroom alas, no bath and down various inside and outside walls. Ample storage rooms: for all sorts of things Own radio centre: direct communication with London, New York, Tel Aviv, and numerous other stations.
This appliance is only for residents' use after six o' clock in the evening. No stations are forbidden, on the understanding that German stations are only listened to in special cases, such as classical music and the like. Rest hours: From 10 p. This is for your safety. The Management may also ask you to rest at other times too. Exercise: Every day. Lessons: One written shorthand lesson per week. English, French, Mathematics, and History at all times.
Small pets special department: permit is necessary good treatment available. Lunch: A light meal from 1. Dinner: Sometimes a hot meal, sometimes not. The time of dinner changes because of radio news broadcasts.
Duties: Residents must always be ready to help with other work Bath: The moveable bath can be used by all guests after 9 a. You may take your bath in the bathroom, kitchen, private office or front office.
Alcoholic beverages: only with doctor's prescription. The end pp. Koophuis has a clandestine baby set at home that he will let us have to take the place of our big Phillips. It certainly is a shame to have to hand in our lovely set, but in a house where people are hiding, one daren't, under any circumstances, take wanton risks and so draw the attention of the authorities.
We shall have the little radio upstairs. On top of hidden Jews, clandestine money and clandestine downloading, we can add a clandestine radio.
Everyone is trying to get hold of an old set and to hand that in instead of their "source of courage. The round, clearly defined spot where we stand is still safe, but the clouds gather more closely about us and the circle which separates us from the approaching danger closes more and more tightly. Now we are so surrounded by danger and darkness that we bump against each other, as we search desperately for a means of escape.
We all look down below, where people are fighting each other, we look above, where it is quiet and beautiful, and meanwhile we are cut off by the great dark mass, which will not let us go upwards, but which stands before us as an impenetrable wall,- it tries to crush us, but cannot do so yet.
I can only cry and implore: "Oh, if only the black circle could recede and open the way for us! Parents are very strange about sex. They should tell their sons and daughters everything at the age of twelve.
But instead of that, they send them out of the room when anyone talks about sex, and the children have to try and find out everything by themselves. Then, later, the parents think that the children already know it all, but usually they don't! Soon after I was eleven, they told me about periods. But I didn't know where the blood came from, or what it was for. When I was twelve and a half, one of my friends told me some more.
She told me what a man and a woman do together. Well, I had already guessed! I was quite proud of myself! She also told me that babies don't come out of their mothers' stomachs. Where everything goes in is where the baby comes out?
Children hear about sex in bits and pieces, and that isn't right. Although it's Saturday, I'm not bored! I've been up in the attic with Peter.
I sat there dreaming with my eyes closed, and it was wonderful. I believe, Kitty, that we may have a real great love in the "Secret Annexe. I don't know what he will be like when he grows up, nor do I know whether we should ever love each other enough to marry. I know now that Peter loves me, but just how I myself don't know yet.
He is so handsome, both when he laughs and when he looks quietly in front of him,- he is such a darling and so good. Such as it was 2 families and Mr. Dussel were residing. In the book, fights and misundertandings of both Van Daan and Franks were recorded. Anne Frank's irritability with Mrs. Van Daan and how she interacts with everybody in the Annexe, and her irritability as well with Alfred Dussel who was her new roommate upon his arrival, She hated how Dussel invades her private spaces and use her things.
Love was also manifested here as how Anne reacts with the Presence of Peter Van Daan who is her love interest along the course of their stay at the Secret Annexe considering also the reactions of people, most notably Anne's mother who prevents their closeness because she doesn't believe that true love is occurring as they do not see anyone else at their age range and that it is the only reason why they are developing intimate relationships.
Food also became a penultimate reason of misunderstanding as to how to share, and who would cook, how to distribute food evenly with each other. Interaction was showcased rather largely in the Diary of Anne Frank because it was very relevant for them and their interactions in the face of war, in their way to prevent discovery, and in their way to provide themselves entertainment and satisfaction.
I said goodbye to Moortje, my cat. The neighbours were going to look after her. We hurried to leave the house — we wanted to reach our hiding-place safely. It was the only thing that mattered. More tomorrow.