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Transportation to and from Manhattan , previously by ferry or via bridges in Brooklyn, opened up with the Queensboro Bridge finished in , and with railway tunnels under the East River in LaGuardia Airport , in northern Queens, opened in American Airlines Flight took off from the latter airport on November 12, , but ended up crashing in Queens' Belle Harbor area, killing people. In late October , much of Queens' Breezy Point area was destroyed by a massive six-alarm fire caused by Hurricane Sandy.
Looking south from the Queensboro Bridge in Long Island City , this photo was published in by the Queens Chamber of Commerce to illustrate the borough's "numerous attractive industrial plants". To the west and north is the East River, across which is Manhattan to the west and The Bronx to the north.
Nassau County is east of Queens on Long Island.
Staten Island is southwest of Brooklyn, and shares only a 3-mile-long water border in the Outer Bay with Queens. The midsection of Queens is crossed by the Long Island straddling terminal moraine created by the Wisconsin Glacier.
Queens receives precipitation throughout the year, with an average of In an average year, there will be 44 days with either moderate or heavy rain. No Wave and New York hardcore also emerged in the area's clubs. Few icons of the punk scene remain in the neighborhood as it changed. Club 57 , on St.
The East Village, specifically the area known as Alphabet City , is also the setting for Jonathan Larson 's musical Rent , which captures the neighborhood in the early s; it opened at the New York Theatre Workshop in February A study done by Fordham University notes the decline of the East Village performance and art scene, and how "the young, liberal culture that once found its place on the Manhattan side of the East River" has shifted in part to new neighborhoods like Williamsburg in Brooklyn.
Nicholas showing Second Street, just west of Avenue A.
The church and almost all buildings on the street were demolished in the s and replaced with parking lots From to , the art gallery American Painting, located on East 6th St. This is one theory of gentrification ,  and some argue that it has also occurred in the New York City neighborhoods SoHo and Tribeca in Manhattan , as well as Williamsburg in Brooklyn. Over the course of time, this demographic shift begins to change the essential character of the neighborhood: it becomes safer, more comfortable, less tolerant of noise, and less "edgy".
Some gentrification opponents say that this process causes the neighborhood to lose its unique identity for the sake of money. The area affected by the rezoning roughly bounded by East 13th Street on the north, Third Avenue on the west, Delancey Street on the south, and Avenue D on the east.
The rezoning was done in response to concerns about the character and scale of some of the new buildings in the neighborhood.
The new zoning established height limits for new development throughout the affected area, decreased allowable density in much of the midblock residential areas but increased it along wider thoroughfares, capped air rights transfers, eliminated the current zoning bonus for dorms and hotels, and created incentives for the creation and retention of affordable housing.
The GVSHP report "Keeping in Character" summed up the changes this way: "Under the new zoning, development tends to be shorter and much more similar in height to surrounding buildings, must maintain the all-important street wall, is usually less bulky than could have been built under the old zoning, and is more likely to be for residential use than a hotel or dormitory.
The rezoning does contain some zoning bulk bonuses for the creation or retention of affordable housing. But even in these cases the new developments are nevertheless required to maintain the same height limits as all other new developments in their zoning district. Residents of Chinatown , which is adjacent to the southern boundary of the rezoning area, were worried that by blocking the construction of tall, slender towers in the East Village, developers wishing to build in that style would turn their sights to Chinatown.
Most of Chinatown is zoned as commercial districts, which are relatively lax in terms of building character and land use regulations. This led the Community Boards in the area Boards 1 , 2 , and 3 to create the Chinatown Working Group in order to address the concerns of residents and to work to preserve Chinatown's particular character, employment opportunities, and affordable housing.
Successes[ edit ] "Extra Place", an obscure side street off of East 1st Street, just east of the Bowery Local community groups actively are working to gain individual and district landmark designations for the East Village to preserve and protect the architectural and cultural identity of the neighborhood. It has undertaken a complete survey of the East Village, documenting the history of every single building in the area.
Minutes before the designation, an out-of-scale rooftop addition on one of the included buildings was approved by the Department of Buildings.
Preservation and community groups of the East Village seek to have other buildings landmarked, including parts of St.