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And they wanted to go to Bosnia — they got an apartment together, they sort of got into their parallel universe. They brought in like twenty mattresses for their fellow travelers.
They watched videos of Bosnia and things. They came out of their cocoon wanting to do something heroic. Maybe you can get us some Russian goggles or something that are coming on the market in Germany.
They have these sort of vague ideals and motives and hopes and desires. I mean, if you look at them.
Well, find one of the guys and look at what he eats and what he wears. Almost all of them are friends. So you really wanna know who gets involved, look at their networks, look at their — look at what they eat, look at what they wear, look where they hang out. You plot in barber shops, you plot in cafes, fast food restaurants, you plot in soccer fields. You plot at picnics. And all the sort of rites of passage and oaths people say are all couched in terms of these families.
But how in the end do they become stronger? Well, there are evolutionary reasons why human beings who are absolutely the weakest of all primates physically bond together with strangers to survive. Monotheism created something completely new in the history of the world. The Jewish notion of a chosen people under God and the Greek notion of universal laws merged in these universal religions along the Silk Road, along these Eurasian commercial networks, and they started the notion that human beings could be saved, that there was good — those who were saved — and there were evil, those who were bad.
No cultures before that actually thought in terms of good and evil. I mean, the tribal other, but not … DR. ATRAN: … the tribal other. But now with the European Enlightenment and the French Revolution, these universal monotheisms became secularized and brought down to earth. But if you think about it, these secular ideologies, all modern secular ideologies, all the isms: fascism, communism, socialism, anarchism, colonialism, democratic liberalism, are all variants on this monotheistic theme, however secular they are in appearance.
On Being continues in a moment. His global field work examines the conditions that drive young people into, as well as away from, violent radicalism. I mean, what have you learned about how people get out, how they walk away from that how that longing and that passion can be transferred in more positive directions? So, it usually happens like this.
For whatever reason, people are not happy. They usually get a place together or go out into the country together and live their sort of isolated life or lock themselves up in an apartment or somehow withdraw and build this world that they think is better and will be better through their actions. So the only groups that I … MS.
So, I was in Sulawesi with a bunch called al-Muqatila, suicide attackers, against Christian militia. You want to reduce injustice in the world. You want Islam to prosper. This is a better way. First of all, moderate, you gotta be kidding.
When was the last time you told your kids to be moderate about their boyfriends or choice of career? It is true for people in a certain time in a certain context.
Otherwise, religions would have disappeared once conditions changed. And if we go back to that poll I took where Obama beat out bin Laden, that was in November But look what happens now. We just did a poll, comes out in He comes out dead last. Ahmadinejad beats him out, Nasrallah beats him out, bin Laden beats him out. Something that comes up in your writing and is very much on my mind is we have no memory in the United States of how important religiously based, very deeply religiously based civic organizations were in the beginnings of American democracy, right?
Do you think about how Islamic Muslim religious organizations can be a very — could be a very constructive part of what will be young democracies if things unfold peacefully? I mean, the Americans virtually — MS. And credit, which made the economy flow and produce, was strictly a church-based, family-based community affair. I mean, you guys have been talking for two days.
You never mentioned business and, all of a sudden, you make this huge business deal. And I think that also feeds into our political system. It makes us less able to understand what is happening in the rest of the world. I remember right after the war in Iraq started and ended, back when we were still talking about building civil society, you know, before it just turned into this entrenched conflict.
I mean, Christian-based Chambers of Commerce, that kind of thing. It gives a sense of significance to people. Hence functionalists view every individual in the society as of a positive contribution.
Functionalism as stated above focuses mainly on social order and stability. This perspective views deviance as functional to the society as contributing positively to the carrying out of the social mechanisms. Marcious Hence to the functionalists deviance deserves these social control mechanisms which are prisons, mental institutions and informal disciplinary ways to bring an individual to reach the majority consensus.
Overall to sociological analysis functionalism is viewed as shallow and void at some points. The claim that functionalism failed to explain social change as well pointing out negative aspects which bring the society apart disqualifies it as an unreliable perspective of equipping passionate sociologist.
Functionalism is also accused of explaining the social world basing on the present and the past ignoring what would have happened before, for instance in religion functionalists might speak of the current contribution of religion neglecting the fact that religion was formerly introduced long back and it has been contributing to the survival of the society, thus all these criticisms lead to most current sociologists not to use the functionalist point of argument in explaining the social phenomenon.
Contrasting functionalists and their perspective, the conflict theory evolved borrowing much from Karl Max's ideas. Proposing the conflict perspective, Marx and his colleagues sought to bring out the answer to the question on what separates the society. His main ideas were mainly advocatory both to social arrangements and political instability in the social system.
The theory focuses on production and relationships which include, feudalism, socialism and capitalism. The perspective concentrates on two classes which are capitalists thus owners of production, employers or the bourgeoisies and the proletariats thus peasants, the poor and the labor providers.
Therefore, the vitality of the conflict theory in the study of sociology may be measured in terms of bringing out an understanding of people living in a society with their differences in terms of social status. More so, in an attempt to explain the social system Marx proposed that in every society conflict exists. The conflict perspective therefore suggests that, conflict in the society is between two classes, the capitalists and the proletariats. The conflict would rise due to clash of interests among these two classes in the sense of profit making.
The rich would exploit the poor, demanding a lot of labor while giving out a little of payment, while peasants demand smooth, soft and easy labor with more favorable and conducive payments.
No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Book Details Author: Michael Haralambos ,Martin Holborn Pages: Paperback Brand: Description Sociology Themes and Perspectives is a favourite with students and teachers, selling over a million copies world-wide over 25 years. This seventh edition has been fully updated to give all the detail and depth needed to get students the best grades and prepare teachers for teaching.
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