Anatomically organized into muscle groups, illustrates muscles in action and provides step-by-step instructions that detail the perfect technique and form for. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Sovndal, Shannon, Cycling anatomy / Shannon Sovndal. p. cm. ISBN (soft. cycling anatomy sports anatomy pdf download - pariwisata - cycling anatomy sports anatomy cycling anatomy sports anatomy pdf, this feature.
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Monster Manual: Cycling Anatomy e-bok av Shannon Sovndal. Ladda ned. Spara som favorit. Laddas ned direkt. These are more commonly seen on BMX and mountain bikes Hanger : part of frame or an attachment to the frame to which the derailleur is attached see Derailleur hanger Handlebar : a lever attached, usually using an intermediary stem, to the steerer tube of the fork.
Allows steering and provides a point of attachment for controls and accessories Handlebar plug: see Bar plugs Handlebar tape : a tape wound around dropped handlebars so as to provide padding and grip, usually cork or cloth, sometimes foam rubber Head badge : manufacturer's or brand logo affixed to the head tube Head tube : the tube of a bicycle frame that contains the headset Headset : the bearings that form the interface between the frame and fork steerer tube Hood: the rubber brake lever covering on bikes with drop style handle bars Hub : the core of a wheel; contains bearings and, in a traditional wheel, has drilled flanges for attachment of spokes Hub dynamo : a generator inside one of the hubs for powering lights or other accessories Hub gear : a gearbox mounted inside the hub, 3-speed is common, 5, 7 are available "Sturmey-Archer" and Rohloff make a speed hub.
Cable operated by one or two cables Indicator : a turn signal Inner tube : a bladder that contains air to inflate a tire. Usually mounts to frame near bottom bracket, sometimes near rear dropouts "Lawyer lips" : also called a "lawyer tab", a retention device on the dropouts of the front fork to prevent inadvertent loss of the front wheel in the case it is not properly secured Locknut : a nut designed not to loosen due to vibration Lockring : a ring, usually metal, of varying design, that serves to retain a component in place Lug : a metal connector used to align frame components where they join each other Luggage carrier : any accessory equipment designed to carry tools, gear or cargo Master link : a bicycle chain accessory that allows convenient removal and reconnection of an installed bicycle chain without the need for a chain tool Nipple : a specialized nut that most commonly attaches a spoke to a wheel rim.
In some systems, it provides attachment to the hub Pannier : cloth zippered storage bags that mount to sides of luggage racks. Pronounced pan-ear, or pan-yer an old English word, which is derived from an old French word Pedal : mechanical interface between foot and crank arm.
There are two general types; one secures the foot with a mechanical clamp or cage and the other has no connection to lock the foot to the pedal. Used for releasing wheels and seat posts Rack : a rack that attaches behind the seat, usually with stays to the rear dropouts, that serves as a general carrier Reflector : reflects light to make bicycle evident when the illuminated by headlights of other vehicles.
Usually required by law but held in disdain by many cyclists Removable training wheels: used for assisting balance.
Comes in pair. Useful for first time bicyclists Rim : that part of a wheel to which the tire is attached and often forms part of the braking mechanism Rotor: 1 the disc component of a disc brake.
Safety levers : extension levers, and interrupt brake levers. Used to apply brakes in order for the bicycle to slow down or suddenly stop Saddle or Seat : what a bicyclist sits on Seat rails : a metal framework over which saddle covering is stretched.
The seat post attaches to the seat rails by means of a clamp Seat lug : a frame lug on the top of the seat tube serving as a point of attachment for a clamp to secure the seat post Seat tube : the roughly vertical tube in a bicycle frame running from the seat to the bottom bracket Seat bag : a small storage accessory hung from the back of a seat Seatpost : a post that the seat is mounted to. It slides into the frame's seat tube and is used to adjust ride height depending how far into the seat tube it is inserted Seatstay : frame components, small diameter tubes running from top of seat tube to rear dropouts Shaft-drive : alternate to chain-drive Shifter : gear shifting control Shock absorber : for bicycles with suspensions, a device that limits the rate at which suspension rebounds after absorbing an impact Side view mirror: aids in looking at the sides prior to moving slowly or turning to the left or to the right Skirt guard or coatguard: a device fitted over the rear wheel of a bicycle to prevent a long skirt, coat or other trailing clothes or luggage from catching in the wheel, or in the gap between the rim and the brakes Spindle : an axle around which a pedal rotates; threaded at one end to screw into crank arms Spoke : connects wheel rim to hub.
Usually wire with one end swaged to form a head and one threaded end. Both wireless and wired speakers are available to mount on their handlebars or frames.
These speakers meant to eliminate the risks of using headphones such as obliviousness of incoming cars and other warnings, and continuous playing of music from them would also alert other cyclists and pedestrians nearby Sprocket or cog: wheel with teeth that meshes with the chain; one of the wheels in the cogset or crankset Steerer tube : a tube on top of a fork that is inserted through frame and serves as an axle by means of which bicycle can be steered Stem : a bracket used to attach handlebars to steerer tube of fork.
Usually secured by pinch bolts Tire : as in common usage. Usually pneumatic. A tubular tire is glued to the wheel rim; most tires use tubes, but tubeless tires and rims are increasingly common Toe clips : a metal or plastic cage attached to a pedal. Usually has an adjustment strap. Secures foot to pedal for increased control and more effective transfer of power from foot to drive chain Top tube : frame member leading from steerer tube to seat tube Valve stem or simply valve: port for adding or releasing air from the inner tube.