University chemistry book pdf


 

University Chemistry, 3rd Edition by Brian B. Laird. Folkscanomy: A Library of Books · Additional Collections. Uploaded by Sketch the Cow on. PDF | On Nov 11, , medical-site.infoah medical-site.info and others published University Chemistry. Book · November with 72, Reads. Publisher: Khawarizm. Textbook content produced by OpenStax College is licensed under a Creative this textbook in a digital format (including but not limited to EPUB, PDF, and.

Author:KARON BARNUM
Language:English, Spanish, Hindi
Country:Niger
Genre:Academic & Education
Pages:360
Published (Last):06.07.2016
ISBN:285-9-24174-669-6
Distribution:Free* [*Register to download]
Uploaded by: ESTEBAN

71689 downloads 129571 Views 21.53MB PDF Size Report


University Chemistry Book Pdf

The Chemistry Maths Book, Second Edition (solutions included) Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the independent. Saylor URL: medical-site.info medical-site.info 2 in chemical principles has become increasingly important to understand the challenges that lie ahead. This study analyzes the misrepresentation of Gibbs energy by college chemistry textbooks. The article reports the way first-year university.

A f t e r some reference to the state of the art, and reminders of the importance to both Britain and America of so cultivating the practical side that these nations may be independent of all others, the general history of the microscope is taken up. It is shown by a quotation that Seneca knew that curved surfaces will magnify, and it is stated to be probable that the manuscript illuminators of the fifteenth century were familiar with moderate magnifyfilg apparatus. The first illustrated publication which gives definite evidence of the use of a magnifying glass appeared in I at Frankfort, bearing the name of George Hoefnagel. It consisted of a series of plates engraved on copper illustrating common natural objects, but drawn with great skill and minute accuracy. Some of the drawings reveal details that are hardly distinguishable to the unassisted eye. A Dutchman, Zacharias, miscalled Jansen, and his son, made microscopes before the year I In I, Hooke published his famous book " Micrographia," in which he described using small drops or globules of glass. A fac-simile of the title page of the book is given. A good deal of space is given to the subject of metallography, which though comparatively recent in its extensive applications, and in the efforts to construct apparatus for its pursuit, yet is really over a century old, the method having been first used by Widmanstiitten in i8o8, who polished a specimen of meteoric iron and examined the surface.

Macmillan and Co.

Chemistry Books Books

This is eaay to understand since more has happened in the field of chemistry in the twentieth century than in all previous centuries oombined. Thus the author has had to make arbitrary selections of what to include. His chemists are mostly men who were born in the nineteenth century and had generrtlly made their major contributions by the first World War. Many other prominent chemists of the contemporary period receive no more than a line or two e.

Robinson, F. Hopkins, E. Lawrence, Pregl , and others are not even mentioned. However, such shortcomings can readily be forgiven. The kind of treatment given easlier chemists would require still another volume for the twentieth century alone. His volumes will serve as a valnable s t a n ing point for the initiation of new research in the history of chemistry.

I t is said to be in press. Pert one oaees.. A somewhat more topical orgrtniailtion is found in parts two through five which Marcellin Berthelot , emdeal, respectively, with physical cheminent French chemist and educator, was istry, organic, inorganio, and radiochemnoted especially for his work in organic istry.

Even within the chapters of these synthesis, reaction mechanisms, thermolast parts, however, the treatment is still chemistry, physiological chemistry, and strongly biographical. As indicated in history of certain areas of the origin of the review of Volume 3, this approach chemistry.

He was minister of education leads to considerable fragmentation of and later of foreign affairs. He died just topics and a certain amount of repetitivea few hours after his wife and following a ness. I t relies heavily on lettheir scientific contributions.

Thevolume ters, newspaper accounts, etc. However, the copious where. Terminology in explaining terms is adequate, some definitions are clearer than others, but all terms are defined in plan, clear English. And not chemistry textbook explains everything perfectly.

This book is just as good as any other in terms of this and this one is free! Every chapter is consistent in that it has a small introduction with a real-life example or current issue that we are trying to solve. This is followed by the chapter being divided into sections with main topics for each section with example problems throughout some worked out step-wise, some with just the answer.

Then end of chapter list of terms to know with definitions , then the chapter summary, then many more practice problems for the student to work out. Each chapter also has real-life examples and profiles of people that contributed towards our chemical understanding or policy-making through environmental stewardship. Just like a printed text, it is split into chapters and sections within the chapters. So you can navigate to any page or section you want, much like a printed book.

It also has Figures, Tables, and little sub-sections with chemistry of every-day things and examples that break up the chapters nicely. The order is a typical order of presentation of General Chemistry textbooks note: Since the topics often build off of each other, the first few chapters tend to not be moved around much, but later chapters can be moved around a bit more.

In terms of within each chapter; again the flow is logical brief introduction, then each section with a main topic with examples and short topics on chemistry or the people behind the chemistry , then an end of chapter review, then more practice problems at the end of the chapter.

The format is a bit different depending upon what device you are using, but all allow easy navigation through the book.

On a tablet device, one can tap the screen and get a small representation of all the pages, just flip through them like a book, or scroll on the bar below the pages representation to go through the pages even faster with pages marked as you move the bar from left to right.

Includes links to videos and applications that help visualize concepts not possible as easily with a printed textbook. All pictures Figures, Tables, etc. Pictures used well in conjunction with everyday examples. Lots of worked examples, examples with just an answer, crossing out of units showing each step in unit analysis.

This makes for a very clear and easy way to follow this concept. Unit analysis is a very important concept, not just for chemistry, but any scientific analysis. The book is written in plain, simple to understand English whenever possible. Sometimes some special terms are unavoidable, but this is fairly rare. Also see 2 accuracy and 10 below.

Also includes scientific contributions from men and women from many races and backgrounds England, Russia, Germany, India, US, etc. This book is an excellent one for its clarity, examples, video examples, worked problem examples, organization, and range of topics covered.

It is doubly excellent in that it is free online, so it saves students money and because it is online, students are much more apt to read it they have the internet constantly via their cell phones. This textbook has a thorough coverage of general chemistry, and has good coverage of subject matter I rarely am able to touch on in a general chemistry course, such as coordination compounds and the chemistry of the representative elements. The text has sufficient depth and breadth, and incorporates some historical references as well to assist in the explanation of concepts.

The book is laid out in a logical pattern, and has a useful table of contents and index, as well as multiple appendices replete with useful information. The information contained in the chapters I read thoroughly was accurate and gave excellent explanations of the topics.

I did find a few errors here and there, typographical in a few figures, but you find typos in every textbook, every edition. The actual text of the book I read appeared to be without error. Quotations were accurately referenced I checked the one by Lagrange. Most of the topics covered in general chemistry have had little change for years. There appeared to be no apparent bias in the information presented in the textbook.

I found it to be informative and fact-based. There are several instances of examples that have come from recent events around the world, as well as those that are traditionally included in chemistry textbooks.

I would find it difficult to think the textbook would fall out of date, as the material in a general chemistry class would have little variation over time. The language used in the textbook is appropriate and adequate for explanation of chemical concepts. In fact, at times it reads more like a lecture than a textbook, which I think helps the student with more detailed information than that of other textbooks.

Having the learning objectives listed for each section assists the students in understanding what they will learn and should understand. The textbook layout varies little from the textbook I currently use and could most likely be used by reordering the chapters in this text with little effort. There is a logical grouping of information, and there is a similar presentation throughout the textbook.

I saw little variation in the explanation of material between this text and others. As I mentioned above, the textbook could be used with little rearrangement in my current classes. The chapters, due to limited crossover in the text, are capable of being arranged in a different order than the current version. I believe this book would help alleviate this issue. I used a bound copy to evaluate, but also looked at the textbook online.

It appears nearly identical. The only difference is that in the print version, examples were numbered while those online were not. Figures have numbers in the hard-bound version while they are in-line with the text online. One benefit of the online version is that after each section, the end-of-chapter questions are right there. The only thing that was distracting is that the examples in the book seem to extend on to the next page, and tables stretch over two pages also.

It would make more sense to start the table at the top of a page and have it all together. I found no grammatical errors in the chapters I read thoroughly.

It reads well, and is put together well. I found it to be very relevant to the times technologically, and did not see anything that would be offensive or insensitive to any particular group. I appreciate the effort of putting scientist features in the text, and would suggest incorporating more of these features with a wider variety to benefit outreach for chemistry as a whole. Also, I had to flip through each chapter to find information on scientists, as there was no index for those features.

Looking over the textbook, and considering the very low cost for students, I am seriously considering using this textbook instead our current text. Before looking at the text, I had been a bit wary due to a colleague in a different discipline who struggled with open resources that were disjointed, and had terrible figures. After reviewing this book, I found the pictures to be clear, concise, and useful. Additionally, the text itself is well-written and organized in a logical fashion.

The book is quite comprehensive and covers all the material I want it to. Content is accurate. Does still include d-orbitals in hybridization, which has lately fallen out of favor. The book uses a consistent vocabulary and terminology.

It is easy to keep track of the new words being introduced. The book seems fairly easy to break into smaller reading sections. However, compared to other chemistry texts, there are fewer subsections per chapter. This occasionally means the professor has to say "We won't cover the information on the bottom of page " rather than simply saying "We'll skip section 4. The topics are fairly logical. Occasionally, it feels like the book makes a right-hand turn for example, ionic equations are given very sudden and swift treatment and starts covering a subject for which the background has not been fully established.

I always wish chemistry texts would find a way to highlight non-white, non-male scientists, and this text is no different. There are differences in sequencing at times but I There are differences in sequencing at times but I value Openstax's explicitly presented alternative sequencing scenario. The other two texts have significantly more detailed tables of contents, glossaries, and indexes.

In my opinion, however, this detailed presentation of contents is over-rated in terms of effectiveness for the student's learning and while it distinguishes one text from another, if cost and access are the issues to be addressed here by the existence of open textbooks, then the Openstax Chemistry text does the job.

Modern textbooks are, again, my opinion, regurgitations of each other. Nothing is missing from Openstax that is found in other texts.

I believe accuracy is the most difficult trait to "review" since I usually only find errors during the close reading done while I am teaching from a text and from having students do close reading and problem solving from a particular text.

That being said, I see no errors, glaring or otherwise in my page by page comparison of several definitions Ksp, dissociation, Hess's Law, Dalton's atomic theory. Though the latter is broken down into 5 postulates compared to the traditional I find no accuracy issue to report here.

Up to date is an interesting way to try to assess a basic chemistry text Chemistry is, by nature, a "second language". But Openstax does no more or less jargon usage than is necessary and the clarity is absolutely consistent with the best products on the commercial textbook market. In addition, the absence of "margin notes" makes the open page of the Openstax text a calm proposition. I've no issues at all with the modularity.

In fact, I prefer the look of the Openstax page. Modern textbooks are WAY too jam-packed with information per page and that makes them hard to read! There are plenty of sub-units to allow for instructor-initiated alternate reading scenarios. I comment on some modularity issues that are also flow issues below. Indeed, the organization is nearly identical to best-selling products currently on the market. I did find a number of Tables 2. Those are just representative cases I believe this to be particularly distracting.

Tables in other texts with which I am familiar are far more densely packed and subsequently more difficult to read but at least they are all contained on a page. Honestly, though, I'm only going to knock one point off of my rating, below, because I don't think most students care about this especially now that they are moving to reading in digital format One thing I really like about the Openstax text is the complete lack of "margin" information.

Those margin notes have become way too distracting. In modern texts, the "margins" are full of dense material, not "notes". The pages of the Openstax text are calmer, more spaciously presented, less colorful I see no glaring errors in the Openstax text with spelling, punctuation, super and sub-scripting, capitalization, etc. I find third person prose a tedious read, but that is convention and the Openstax text, sticks to it! The Openstax text does a good job of minimizing persons in photos where their presence is of no consequence but if I'm being hypercritical as a reviewer should!

I'm wondering why we have a large photo of Walter Kohn and a blurb but no photo of Dorothy Hodgkin? And there are a number of figures and photos that could be changed to include persons of color; the text is overwhelmingly Western and white. That's pretty traditional in the discipline and it needs to change. I would teach from this text without hesitation.

Though at this time our department uses a common text, making individual instructor preference irrelevant. If there existed a non-majors basic chemistry text, I would not hesitate to class test it! The text is quite comprehensive. Standard areas of general chemistry are covered very well, at level above that found in most currently used texts. The numerous and well chosen examples and exercises are well designed to help students master the The numerous and well chosen examples and exercises are well designed to help students master the material.

The main concepts of introductory chemistry such as atomic theory, the periodic table, equilibria etc. Relevance is introduced through use of common everyday examples in the home, environment and industry.

Well chosen illustrations and PhET animations help make this a modern text. Numerous modern examples, like new materials, devices and environmental aspects of chemistry are highly relevant today, but may be relatively easily updated with future scientific progress. The text is clear, well organized and easy to read.

Well designed and carefully chosen illustrations are a great help in understanding the concepts.

Terminology use is well explained. The text is well designed for modularity. Every chapter has multiple well delineated sub-sections. Re-ordering chapters to emphasize a more atoms-first approach is easy. The book is well organized, topics are introduced in a clear and logical fashion, with new material building on previous knowledge.

Introductory and closing sections ensure a smooth flow of information. Navigating the text is easy I read the PDF version through a web browser. One feature that I disliked was splitting tables across pages. The 'Portrait of a Chemist' vignettes introduce the reader to the achievements of a diverse group of chemists.

This is an excellent text, comprehensive, clearly written, well organized. I especially liked the multiple examples of chemistry in everyday life. I am recommending this book for use in my department. This book is an excellent as a choice for a one quarter or two quarter chemistry class. The subjects cover all the essential information. The glossary is complete. There were many subjects included that are not included in my current textbook that There were many subjects included that are not included in my current textbook that is used for Introductory Chemistry.

Having an online presence can make updating the book a much simpler process. The content was very up to date.

Chemistry 2e

Examples given were timely and still relevant to today's student. The text is consistent in terms of terminology. Words that are defined early on in the text are used again later. I appreciate the shorter chapters. Smaller reading sections make it seems less daunting to students and easier to break up assignments. I think the topics are presented in a logical, clear fashion.

It makes sense to the introductory student, and as an instructor I don't have to skip chapters and then come back to them later. Interface looks and works great. Navigating through the pdf and clicking on links embedded in the text is a great tool for expanding on ideas in the classroom. I am very happy with using the textbook in my class.

I know my students are thrilled about the price. I usually have the pdf open on my classroom's workstation. If I need to refer to a diagram I can click to it immediately and show it on the big screen. I can also click on links to further enforce ideas and show some great application and demonstration videos. The text is very comprehensive and includes all of the content areas expected in a comprehensive general chemistry textbook for use in a two-semester general chemistry course.

The text also includes an extensive set of appendices including a The text also includes an extensive set of appendices including a section on essential mathematics and the usual tabulated data physical constants, thermodynamic data, standard potentials, etc. Extensive open-source art has been incorporated into the text along with all additional features that extend the text beyond just content and allow customization of the text for use in a variety of general chemistry courses.

Content is accurate and can easily compete with any other general chemistry textbook offered by the major publishing companies. The general chemistry content is up-to-date and reflects some of the best practices in presenting core chemistry concepts to students including extensive use of graphic visualizations both in the content body as well as practice problems and worked examples.

Applications used within the text are current and most will hold over time, however, some examples and side notes may become irrelevant with time such as the use of statistical figures.

Updates to these applications, facts, and figures would be easy and straightforward and they do not impact to the core content of the text. The text is written with a nice balance between introducing technical terminology and ideas while supporting learners who are just starting out in college-level chemistry.

The book is certainly written to a college-level and some descriptions and explanations may be difficult to follow for learners with language difficulties or weaker science backgrounds. Nonetheless, the book is well-written and edited such that most statements and explanations are kept concise and to the point which should make the information more accessible to wider range of learners.

The text is very consistent with a clear framework for providing explanations, supporting examples, and practice problems. The book has a similar modularity to most general chemistry textbooks which is limited without further customization. For students using the text as a reference source, the different content areas easily standalone assuming an appropriate prior knowledge background.

As pointed out in the preface, the chapter content could be rearranged. However, as with most general chemistry textbooks - the topics in later chapters build upon some topics in earlier chapter.

This is mostly a function of the nature of general chemistry itself coupled with the comprehensive structure of this textbook. The book is organized in the typical structure of nearly all general chemistry textbooks. The advantage in the open-source structure is the ability to customize and adapt the sections and chapters for use in a variety of course designs. The book has been written in a traditional topic order but includes a description of a potential atoms-first sequence for faculty desiring that sequence.

However, the preface warns that the reordered sequence may require careful consideration of textual consistency. Nonetheless, the adaptive and customized nature of the book allows adopters to make any necessary changes as they see fit for any desired alternate sequencing in the content.

The online interface is clean and professional looking. Navigation requires a small learning curve, but quick links allow you to readily jump from topic to topic. The system seemed to be fast, but occasional server lag was noticed upon linking from topic to topic as each page was loaded. In addition, due to the open-source nature, 'please donate' screens appear periodically and break the usability and flow of the textbook.

These donation screens can be off-putting from a faculty side and certainly could be damaging to learners when trying to quickly find and use the information in the book. The text is well-written and appears to have been heavily edited to omit and avoid grammatical issues. The text makes good use of references to a wide variety of interesting applications and issues across a range of cultural aspects. The use of freely available open source images and links to web-based supplements hint at global sources of information.

While the book is not culturally-offensive, the examples and applications are certainly US-centric. This US-centric view may limit the books attractiveness to the international audience. Openstax Chemistry is an exceptional starting point for a free, open-source textbook. The content, examples, and supporting materials are on-par with most publisher textbooks. However, the customizable and adaptable nature of the Creative Commons licensing makes the book an ideal option for breaking away from the grip of publishing companies.

This general chemistry textbook is a viable and excellent alternative for any faculty member who has struggled with textbook adoption and has spent far too many hours haggling with publishers and sales reps over student pricing, bundling of 'extras', and the inevitable 'how many students in your class' mentality. No haggling, no dealing with sales reps, and no 'new editions' every years just for the sake of new editions. The textbook covers all areas one would expect in a general chemistry textbook.

I really liked how in many of the sections there were great particle level examples as well as links to Phet animations and tutorials to help solidify concepts. I also liked how many of the concepts were simply stated.

The style of writing was very clear. The amount of detail in many cases would be perfect for my community college general chemistry course. I know writers of many textbooks feel as if they need to include more difficult concepts or added detail to add to the rigor of the text.

As I am not looking for pages and pages of thermodynamic equations and derivations for a 1st year general chemistry course, I did not miss them. I am not sure if this text would be appropriate for an honors level general chemistry course. It did, however, provide a nice in-depth discussion of molecular orbital theory with a blurb on LEDs as well.

For the majority of the text, the succinctness without excess verbiage was a plus. The risk is, of course, that an instructor may find certain sections under explained. For example, I thought some of the detail and examples were a little sparse in the Collision Theory discussion in the kinetics section which would benefit from more particle level images and animations as found in the other chapters. It would be something easily supplemented by the teacher.

As it is a general chemistry textbook without much interpretation of feelings and events as found in liberal arts classes, the text came across as unbiased. While reading through the text, I did not find any errors. I feel for most texts these tend to pop up in the worked problems and solutions which I did not fully explore. I really like how each chapter made a significant effort to contextualize the chemistry content and relate it back to student's everyday lives.

As it is included in the introduction section of each chapter I imagine it would be very easy to update over time.

A text-book of practical chemistry - PDF Free Download

If I had any complaint here it would be that I would like to see even more contextualization throughout. As I mentioned previously in the comprehensiveness section of the review, I thought the book was very clearly and simply written. Perfect in my mind for the 1st year undergraduate science student or honors chemistry high school student. The writing tone is consistent throughout. The lead editor did a good job putting their voice to the content.

The only inconsistent aspect in my mind is that some sections were great relating the particle level view to chemistry concepts while others seemed a little underdeveloped. At PCC we don't just run through the topics of a text in order as we use a guided inquiry workbook created by Moog to lead our discussions. We then assign various sections of the text to provide reinforcement of a topic. After reading through this text I felt it would be very easy to assign individual sections.

They all appeared to be very 'stand-alone' in nature. The topics were presented in an "atoms first" type framework which is fairly common among general chemistry textbooks. I found the text very easy to use on my PC. It was a minor annoyance that the loading of a number of images had a bit of lag time which was a little distracting. I wonder if the size of the images could be reduced without loss of educational value? I also tried to read the on-line version from my iPhone. It also had the same issue of slow loading time for the images.

I tried the molecular shape Phet simulation on my iPhone as well and it loaded but did not work properly versus on the PC where it worked fine. For some reason I could not get the Polarity interactive tutorial to work on my PC but will reboot and try again.

Chemistry is a notoriously difficult topic to try and tie into other cultures as much of the recent advancements took place in Europe or the US.

I don't feel it is impossible however. I think it would great to include more historical references to different cultures such as gunpowder in china for the stoichiometry chapter as well as the historical advances made in the middle east.

There is also room to discuss the advancement of women in chemistry. Marie Curie was briefly mentioned for her notable two Nobel prizes in the section on nuclear decay but again I think an emphasis on diversity could be taken up a couple notches.

Do note that this book is average in respects for the general textbook industry meaning most texts approach cultural awareness in a similar fashion, thus the average rating.

It is not deficient in any way compared to standard textbooks. I would like them all to improve as a whole. I would like to convince my department to adopt it. We don't "teach from the text" but rather use the textbook as a resource to supplement our guided inquiry activities in class.

This would work fine.

I also like how it offers a number of resources for the instructor in terms of powerpoints, testbanks, as well as different options for affordable on-line homework systems.

It is an improvement over ChemWiki in my opinion due to the contextualization which could be expanded and the particle level images and embedded animations and tutorials. The book provides a fairly complete overview of what your would expect to see in a general chemistry textbook.

This text provides additional information not directly related to the chemistry content e. The book contains a thorough, linked index and a glossary at the end of each chapter. There are a significant number of questions at the end of each chapter and some effort has been made to include conceptual questions and questions integrating multiple topics.

Overall, the book seems to have been carefully prepared and reviewed. I didn't see any major issues with accuracy. The book does a good job of choosing interesting applications of general chemistry e.

My only concern would be that the numerous links to external resources may become dead if the content is deleted or moved but this would seem to be a straightforward update.

The text is clearly written and easy to understand.

Chemistry Books Books

There are an adequate number of examples for which the important steps are clearly explained. I was particularly impressed with the large number of generally useful figures included in the text which is often a significant shortcoming of open resources. There didn't seem to be any significant issues. Terminology is maintained throughout and the approach to solving problems relies on a regular, consistent approach. There aren't enormous blocks of uninterrupted text but I wish that the book were divided into more sections that can be navigated using the table of contents.

The thermochemistry chapter, for example, is presented in only three sections. The fact that the authors do a good job of breaking these sections with subheadings partially mitigates this problem. It's not possible or desirable , to avoid referring back to previous material in later chapters, but it doesn't appear that it would be a large problem to cover material out of order to suit the needs of a particular class.

The first illustrated publication which gives definite evidence of the use of a magnifying glass appeared in I at Frankfort, bearing the name of George Hoefnagel.

It consisted of a series of plates engraved on copper illustrating common natural objects, but drawn with great skill and minute accuracy.

Some of the drawings reveal details that are hardly distinguishable to the unassisted eye. A Dutchman, Zacharias, miscalled Jansen, and his son, made microscopes before the year I In I, Hooke published his famous book " Micrographia," in which he described using small drops or globules of glass.

A fac-simile of the title page of the book is given. A good deal of space is given to the subject of metallography, which though comparatively recent in its extensive applications, and in the efforts to construct apparatus for its pursuit, yet is really over a century old, the method having been first used by Widmanstiitten in i8o8, who polished a specimen of meteoric iron and examined the surface. His work is preserved in the title " WidmanstStten F i g u r e s " applied to the phenomenon.

Years before, however, he had laid the foundation of one of the most important applications of microscopy--petrography--the extensive ramifications of which are now one of the most prominent features of mineralogy and geology. The book is illustrated by a large number of excellent plates and many illustrations in the text. Necessarily, being made up of the contributions of many persons and of notes of extemporaneous discussions, the subject matter is somewhat disconnected, but the material presented is all of importance and value, and the book constitutes one of the best of recent publications in the field of pure and applied microscopy.

Hood, M.

Similar articles


Copyright © 2019 medical-site.info. All rights reserved.
DMCA |Contact Us