(9th September, ). An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants]1 and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . THE INDIAN WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, (as amended upto ). (1) This Act may be called the Wild Life (Protection) Act, (3) different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act or for.
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1[An Act to provide for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for (1 ) This Act may be called the Wild Life (Protection). Act, 3[(2) It extends to. Law. 56 of A&. 9of 3rd Sch, s. LZ. THE WILD LIFE PROTECTION ACT. th September, 33 of 1. This Act may be cited as the Wild. The Wildlife (Protection) Act (with Amendment Acts of and )1. This is an Act which provides for the protection of wild animals.
Notably, some wild animals and birds in india already have vanished and others are in the danger of being so. The known paradises of the nature and wildlife is being eroded mainly due to human encroachment. The wild birds and Animal Protection Act, has become wholly outmoded. Where the state laws are found to be inadequate the Central Government, the Parliament with the view to deal with the menace over the wild life passed a special law to be known as the Wild Life Protection Act, The Wildlife Protection Act, is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species.
Before , India only had five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act.
It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection.
Schedule I and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties. Schedule V includes the animals which may be hunted.
The plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting. The hunting to the Enforcement authorities have the power to compound offences under this Schedule i. Up to April there have been 16 convictions under this act relating to the death of tigers.
History of the act The wildlife protection act, is the first codified law in the country which consciously inculcated law for wild life protection, it was enacted by the british in Though the act prohibited the possession or sale of specified wild birds, it did not prohibit killing of the same.
The wild birds and animals protection act prohibitted the capture, killing, selling, downloading or possession of specified birds and animals. In , the act was amended and provincial governments declared an area to be an sactuary for wild birds and animals. Protected areas.
Biosphere reserves Wildlife sanctuaries Conservation areas Private protected areas Reserved and protected forests. Conservation and community reserves. National Ministry of Environment and Forests. Related topics. Retrieved 26 September Indian legislation. Retrieved from " https: Animal welfare and rights legislation Wildlife conservation in India Acts of the Parliament of India Environmental law in India in the environment Wildlife law.
An Act to provide for the protection of Wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. The amendment act of provided for confiscation of property derived from illegal hunting and trade by a confiscation tribunal.
But investigation officer, confiscation officer and confiscation tribunal has not been appointed or created. There is a conflict between legislative intent of WLPA and Forest Right Act , as the resource poor farmers and tribal generally come in conflict with wildlife animals as well as forest guard.
Institutional Capacity Forest guard are not given proper training, about problem specific to forest like species diversity, study of animal behaviour, landscape planning to cope with porosity and fragmentation, understanding of Zone of Influence, and knowledge of Animal Classification Forest guard are not given weapons.
In case of conflict with poachers, they retreat.
With increased population burden, the wildlife area, particularly the corridors are shrinking. Even with the increase in nefarious trade in wildlife, any control mechanism is not established at international border and transport facility. Due to lack of specialization, police and customs officers are not able to recognize tiger bones, which are exported with a different label.
Police and judges are not sensitized to animal welfare or are aware of the laws and the seriousness of the crime.
Police authorities and wildlife officers are found wanting, especially when it comes to handling, identifying and rehabilitating the live animals seized Legal Impairment Section 11 2 of the wild life act that is self-defence or killing animals in good faith is exploited.