Politics in india since independence ncert pdf


 

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII: Political Science - Politics in India Since Independence. Table of Contents. Chapter 1. Challenges of nation building. fields of history, archaeology, art history, military history, and philology. Among the the Present, volume 1, The Anc india after independence india after. Politics in India since. Independence. TexTbook in poliTical science for class xii . As India completes sixty years as an independent and democratic country.

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Politics In India Since Independence Ncert Pdf

NCERT/CBSE class 12 PoliticalScience book PoliticalScienceII . MOT refers to the (molecular) orbitals formed after the formation of a molecule eg.: Hydrogen. For the aspirants of Civil Services, here we have provided NCERT textbooks We begin the story of politics in India since independence by. Politics in India since Independence Textbook in Political Science for Class - 12 - medical-site.info: NCERT: Books.

For the aspirants of Civil Services, here we have provided NCERT textbooks which will help them to save their precious time: By Jagran Josh Feb 4, IST For the aspirants of Civil Services, it is very important to choose such readings which are more informative as well as less exhaustive to study. Such textbooks are very important for the aspirants who are engaged in preparing for various competitive exams. The aspirants always faces challenges to completed their given syllabus of respective exams, so, NCERT textbooks have been proved as a better tools for the preparation of competitive Exams. Some of the most pressing ones concerned national unity and territorial integrity of India. We begin the story of politics in India since independence by looking at how three of these challenges of nation building were successfully negotiated in the first decade after In the next two chapters we shall turn to other kinds of challenges faced by the country in this early phase. Thus, electoral competition among political parties began immediately after Independence. Let us now turn to the third challenge, that of economic development to ensure well-being of all. As in the case of the first two challenges, our leaders chose a path that was different and difficult. In this case their success was much more limited, for this challenge was tougher and more enduring. In this chapter, we study the story of political choices involved in some of the key questions of economic development. And why? We now turn to the external challenges. Here too our leaders faced the challenge with an innovative response by way of the policy of non-alignment.

Chapter 3: In the last two chapters we have studied how the leaders of independent India responded to the challenges of nation-building and establishing democracy.

Let us now turn to the third challenge, that of economic development to ensure well-being of all. As in the case of the first two challenges, our leaders chose a path that was different and difficult.

In this case their success was much more limited, for this challenge was tougher and more enduring. In this chapter, we study the story of political choices involved in some of the key questions of economic development. And why? Chapter 4: Thus far we have focussed in this book on the developments within the country and on domestic challenges. We now turn to the external challenges. Here too our leaders faced the challenge with an innovative response by way of the policy of non-alignment.

But they also found themselves in conflict with neighbours. This led to three wars in , and These wars and the external relations in general, were shaped by and had their impact on the politics in the country.

In this chapter we study the story of this relationship between the external and the internal politics by focussing on. Chapter 5: In chapter two we read about the emergence of the Congress system. This system was first challenged during the s. As political competition became more intense, the Congress found it difficult to retain its dominance. It faced challenges from the opposition that was more powerful and less divided than before.

The Congress also faced challenges from within, as the party could no longer accommodate all kinds of differences. Chapter 6: We have seen in the last chapter that the Congress recovered after , but was not the same kind of party. The Emergency ended as dramatically as it had begun, resulting in a defeat of the Congress in the Lok Sabha elections of In this chapter we focus on this crucial phase in the history of democracy in India and ask some questions that have remained controversial after all these years.

Was it necessary? Chapter 7: Three decades after independence, the people were beginning to get impatient. Their unease expressed itself in various forms. In the previous chapter, we have already gone through the story of electoral upheavals and political crisis. Yet that was not the only form in which popular discontent expressed itself. In the s, diverse social groups like women, students, Dalits and farmers felt that democratic politics did not address their needs and demands.

(Download) NCERT Book For Class XII : Political Science - Politics in India Since Independence

Therefore, they came together under the banner of various social organisations to voice their demands. These assertions marked the rise of popular movements or new social movements in Indian politics.

In this chapter we trace the journey of some of the popular movements that developed after the s in order to understand:. Chapter 8: But nation-building is not something that can be accomplished once and for all times to come.

In the course of time new challenges came up. Some of the old problems had never been fully resolved.

As democratic experiment unfolded, people from different regions began to express their aspirations for autonomy. Sometimes these aspirations were expressed outside the framework of the Indian union. These involved long struggles and often aggressive and armed assertions by the people.

This new challenge came to the fore in the s, as the Janata experiment came to an end and there was some political stability at the centre. This decade will be remembered for some major conflicts and accords in the various regions of the country, especially in Assam, the Punjab, Mizoram and the developments in Jammu and Kashmir.

In this chapter we study these cases so as to ask some general questions. But they also found themselves in conflict with neighbours.

Class 12: PoliticalScience: PoliticalScienceII

This led to three wars in , and These wars and the external relations in general, were shaped by and had their impact on the politics in the country. This system was first challenged during the s. As political competition became more intense, the Congress found it difficult to retain its dominance. It faced challenges from the opposition that was more powerful and less divided than before. The Congress also faced challenges from within, as the party could no longer accommodate all kinds of differences.

POLITICS IN INDIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE – NCERT CLASS-XII (Compilation) – xaam

The Emergency ended as dramatically as it had begun, resulting in a defeat of the Congress in the Lok Sabha elections of In this chapter we focus on this crucial phase in the history of democracy in India and ask some questions that have remained controversial after all these years.

Was it necessary? Their unease expressed itself in various forms.

In the previous chapter, we have already gone through the story of electoral upheavals and political crisis. Yet that was not the only form in which popular discontent expressed itself. In the s, diverse social groups like women, students, Dalits and farmers felt that democratic politics did not address their needs and demands. Therefore, they came together under the banner of various social organisations to voice their demands.

These assertions marked the rise of popular movements or new social movements in Indian politics. But nation-building is not something that can be accomplished once and for all times to come.

Download NCERT Political Science: POLITICS IN INDIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE

In the course of time new challenges came up. Some of the old problems had never been fully resolved. As democratic experiment unfolded, people from different regions began to express their aspirations for autonomy. Sometimes these aspirations were expressed outside the framework of the Indian union.

These involved long struggles and often aggressive and armed assertions by the people. This new challenge came to the fore in the s, as the Janata experiment came to an end and there was some political stability at the centre.

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