This title addresses the Khilafat Movement in India, a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims of India to influence the British government. 4 Gail Minault, The Khilafat Movement: A Study of Indian Muslim Leadership: . 14 Shan Muhammad, Freedom Movement in India: The Role of Ali Brothers. The Khilafat Movement By Rai Farhatullah Dated: April 16, Contents: Introduction Background Importance ESTABLISHMENT OF ALL-INDIA.
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Khilafat movement; Paper topic discussion; Reading discussion. Country http:// medical-site.info The Khilafat movement, also known as the Indian Muslim movement (–24), was a . Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. The Khilafat movement was an agitation by Indian Muslims, allied with Indian nationalists, to pressure the British government to preserve the.
The non-cooperation movement was launched formally on 1 August, , the day on which Lokamanya Tilak breathed his last. Besides the above-mentioned measures of non-cooperation with the government, it was decided to establish native educational institutions and native arbitration centres all over India and also to establish harmonious relations between the Hindus and the Muslims.
In , the movement continued with unabated zeal by the participation of masses.
The Swadeshi concept became a household word and Khadi became a symbol of freedom. In order to finance the non-cooperation movement, Tilak Swaraj Fund was started to which money poured and within six months, nearly a crore of rupees was Rai Farhatullah subscribed.
When Prince of Wales visited India in , a successful hartal was organized against his visit. On 5 February , police station of Chaura, near Gorakhpur in UP was attacked by a mob of peasants.
The mob burnt the police station and in those nearly 22 policemen died. This violent event disturbed the soul of Gandhi and he ordered for the immediate suspension of the programme.
Though many leaders were very unhappy with the decision of Gandhi, they accepted the decision in good faith. The non-cooperation movement definitely awakened tremendous national awareness for freedom and success-fully erased the fear psychosis from the minds of the Indians and the movement thus inspired the people to be ready for further sacrifices and future struggles with confidence and hope.
Discussing the impact and significance of the non-cooperation movement. From January to March , the central emphasis was on students and lawyers giving up practice. He inspired his countrymen with a tradition to suffer in the case of their country. The abrupt suspension of non-cooperation movement led to a great divide among the Congress as pro-changers and no changers. The visit of Simon in was boycotted and was greeted with black flags. In , the then Viceroy Lord Irvin declared that dominion status would be accorded to India in stages as its ultimate goal.
As this proposal was not acceptable to the Congress, in its Lahore session of , the Indian National Congress demanded Purnaswaraj or complete independence as its ultimate goal. As the British government adopted adamant attitude towards the aspirations of the people, the Indian National Congress under the direction of Gandhi started civil disobedience movement.
Rai Farhatullah Khilafat Conference, Karachi, July A Khilafat Conference was held in Karachi in July and in this session the participants were predominantly Muslims expressed their loyalty to Khilafat and the Turkish Sultan which by that time had been disposed by its territory by the allied powers the British and the others and they had also decided to keep the movement going on. By that time Ataturk was emerging as a leader and he was taking steps to expel the foreign forces from Turkey and it was very early stage but nevertheless they welcomed the.
That and they thought that it is something new that needs to be encouraged and needs to be endorsed. Hijrat Movement When Khilafat movement was at its peak, in the meantime a voice arose from Lucknow declaring the India sub-continent as Dar-ul-Harb home of war , urging the Muslims to migrate from their homeland on the plea of few Ulama of India as a result of their inability to compete against the aggressive steps of the British, they ought to go somewhere else.
Giving importance to the announcement of Ulema most of the Muslims decided to migrate to the nearest Muslim country Afghanistan, which was thought a suitable for their shelter. Muslims of the Indian sub-continent were unable to spend their life according to teachings of Islam and Islamic culture under British rule.
Hijrat movement was considered such an important virtue that the Muslims were not even made to hear a minor word in opposition of the movement and it became so dominant that even Non-cooperation Movement paled before it. Muslims sold their property and headed for Kabul. This group of Muslims received an enthusiastic reception at every train station it passed; this enhanced the vigor for migration amongst the Muslims of Punjab.
The movement spread out to the Frontier province and locals became more active to surpass other in this sacred cause.
The movement was undertaken as religious significance. The rural areas of N. P province such as Peshawar and Mardan were the worst affected areas. The local Hindus motivated Muslims for migration and started downloading their land and cattle at throw-away price.
A land worth of ten thousand was sold for one hundred and a Bull worth of two hundred was sold for forty rupees only. The carvans of emigrants who were moving towards Afghanistan via Peshawar and Khyber Pass were brought up and nourished by the locals.
A proper setup was made for their hospitality, donations from locals and dedicated their time and energy for the help of refuges. A Sarai at Namak Mandi Peshawar was reserved for the stay and hospitalization of the emigrants. Majority of Muslims leaders from N. P were in the favour of Hijrat movement including, Abdul Ghaffar khan, Abbas khan, Muhammad Akbar khan and Ali Gul khan and they themselves migrated to Afghanistan with common refuges.
The migration took place at a large scale, a very large number of people majorly from lower class of society, the common people, the poor people left from India to Afghanistan. The emigrants carried out their journey on foot and carts because sources of transportation were not that mush developed at that time. In the beginning the Afghanistan government welcomed Indian Muslims and King Amanullah ruler of Afghanistan appointed Muhammad Iqbal Shedai as his minister for refuges. Afghan government later on closed down their frontiers when they found flood of refugees were coming would be too difficult for them to handle.
Even those who have managed to enter successfully were spending miserable life and disgusted because Afghanistan was a poor country and facing many internal problems.
The refugees came across so many hardships and soon they were force to take a journey back home. Some of the refugees went to Soviet Union and Europe. Hijrat movement was an emotional and ill advised movement and it had no potential to have constructive result. Hijrat movement ended in misery for the Muslims because it was unplanned and was based on the emotions and had not taken into account the realities of Afghanistan. It was an unwise act of Muslims of Sub-continent lost their lives, home, crops and cattle.
It was act of serious blunder of Muslims not looking into consequences and made them from poor to poorer. Muslims were at the brink of disaster and facing Hindu opposition because they had nothing in India now as they sold whatever they had. Sincere and zealous Muslims suffered severe hardships; however Hijrat movement reinforced the total commitment of Muslims sacrifice for the ideology, principles and teaching of Islam.
End of the Khilafat Movement: The Khilafat Movement that was started by the Muslims of the British India for the retention of the institution of the Ottoman Empire and for retaining the control of the Muslims holy places, that movement gradually fizzled out. How that did happened a number of developments from to onward contributed to that. In August , they revolted against Hindu landlords whose treatment was very brutal with them.
The issue was not the religious but was led to safeguard their rights. This embittered the Hindu-Muslim relations. This uprising had a negative impact on the Hindu Muslim unity that was being demonstrated in the Khilafat Movement.
The Congress party and the Khilafat Committee were very Rai Farhatullah cooperative and were working together. The Muslim leaders were addressing meetings along with Gandhi and others, so it was a rare demonstration of Hindu Muslim unity and that cooperative sentiment was undermined by this incident.
Increase in Violence The 2nd incident that affected this Movement was the increase in violence when in Non Cooperation Movement was launched by Gandhi it was argued that this would be a peaceful Movement, this would be a non violent movement but the Indians would demonstrate against the British in a peaceful manner even the British will use force on them they will not respond. K and other European countries the feelings of the Muslims to get the governments. Medical Aid: Doctors,nurses arid medicines were dispatched to Turkey for the treatment of wounded Turkish soldiers.
Activities of khilafat movement Treaty Of Sevres: In , treaty of sevres was signed between Allied forces. It was decided by the treaty that the Allies and Syria,Iraq and Jordan woud be separated from Turkish empire.
Processions: Muslim volunteers presented themselves to police for arrests. All leaders were sent behind the bars but the movement could not be diminished. In this way, the major political parties joined hands to assault the injustice with the Muslim community.
These steps were announced: No participation in victory celebrations. Key ideologues. Criticism of Islamism. Related topics. Main article: Ottoman Caliphate.
Further information: Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire. See also: Occupation of Constantinople and Turkish War of Independence. Religious Symbolism and Political Mobilization in India Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 7 February Mahatma Gandhi. Allied Publishers. Niemeijer The Khilafat movement in India, Retrieved 16 July Retrieved from " https: Indian independence movement Islam in India Pakistan Movement Organizations established in establishments in India Organizations disestablished in disestablishments in India Pan-Islamism.