Introduction. 10 Learn RouterOS – Second Edition by Dennis Burgess. Introduction. MikroTik RouterOS is a routing software that has been growing in popularity. knowledge to use RouterOS as a router, wireless access point, client premise device, Dennis Burgess started learning about computers at a young age. “Learn RouterOS (Second Edition)” by Dennis Burgess This book gives you both knowledge plus examples of configuration of the MikroTik RouterOS software.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Dutch|
|Genre:||Business & Career|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
RouterOS is a network operating system, and our goal here at this course is to provide  Dennis Burgess, "Learn RouterOS", Link Technology Inc., ISBN: Learn RouterOS Second Edition by Dennis Burgess. 3 Table of Contents 3. 4 Table of Contents Table of Contents Table of Contents 4 Introduction Who. Learn RouterOS - Second Edition - Kindle edition by Dennis Burgess. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features.
Cart Checkout Login. Welcome, please log in here. Cart Checkout. Catalog Search. Alpha Wireless American Tower. Free Standing Self Supporting. New Ubiquiti Products airFiber. Radios Antennas Accessories Legacy. LED Panel Wireless. Accessories Cameras.
Basestations CPEs Accessories. Antennas Radios Extended Warranty. Splice-on Connectors. Fusion Splicers. Switches Accessories.
MikroTik Solutions. Ethernet Cable Connectors Tools. Ethernet Adapters. Ethernet RF Surge Protectors. Baicells MikroTik Cambium Mimosa.
Technical Support. Custom Branding. Wireless Calculators. Equipment Leasing. New features as well as corrections were my priority, as well as updating sections requested with more information. Special Thanks I wished to thank everyone that made this book possible. The second edition also has notes, comments and updated content from several individuals that sent their copies back to me in the hopes that their requests would be fulfilled.
I have looked over these and, where possible, made updates, corrections and improvements based on these recommendations.
Thank you very much for the constructive comments that you provided. Credits Some images, graphics, and other content have been used from the wiki. These images are copyright of their respective owners and have been licensed under the terms and conditions between said companies, and the author of this book. We appreciate the ability to use these fine examples and images. This unit also includes a Micro SD slot for web caching and other storage functions, as well as power over Ethernet support, and a 9 pin serial connection for console access.
MikroTik is constantly developing new products, so be sure to ask your MikroTik distributor, or sales channel about the latest products and where to use them. Experienced Engineers will know what board to use for what purpose. A big mistake many make is using underpowered equipment. At the time of this writing, there are a number of board series in production.
This is great if you wish to add your own radio card. The second is the number of Ethernet interfaces and the last number is the number of mpci slots on board. In our previous example of the RB, this would be a series board, with three Ethernet interfaces and three mpci slots. The letter G stands for Gigabit Ethernet ports, but is typically only found on the series boards. This means that they have an on board, non removable wireless radio card. Note though that these only run 2. Boards with the U option mean that they include a USB port as well.
These include a Level 4 license that allows them to run as an access point. Typically you will find this option only on boards that are designed for CPEs or clients, such as the RB These typically come with a Level 3 RouterOS license. The following table summarizes these options. This unit runs a network processor that is much faster than the Atheros CPU on the series boards.
This unit also contains two compact flash slots for storage needs. One could be used for Web caching data, and another could be used to store Dude or User Manager Data.
If you plan to run n you will typically need a board like this with GigE interfaces to use as the n protocol provides more allows for greater than Mbps UDP throughput. Without the GigE interfaces, you will have Note though, that the RB has been replaced with the RB series board, and is no longer is in production. The RB series is the replacement for the RB This board includes four mpci slots, on board mpci e slot, compact flash card slot, three Gigabit Ethernet ports, as well as two daughterboard ports.
The RB also has a MHz network processor, and two fan power headers for connecting either 5. The U version is a rack mountable model.
This unit also comes with a level 6 RouterOS license, included with the cost of the hardware. Included are 13 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces, and on board microsd card slot. It does have Mbps of RAM though, as well as two switch groups.
See Switch Groups for more information about their operation. The series is a complete desktop router that includes a plastic desktop case, and power supply in a retail box. This is the only product packaged like this. The key is power consumption; the newer RouterBOARDs, specifically the series, are the most common boards used for solar powered sites. Most sites are powered by battery arrays at Ethernet 12, 24, or 48 volts.
The series of devices run from 10V to 28V DC power. When you install your RouterBOARDs with a long Ethernet run you will assume there will be some voltage drop, and you can do a web search on how to calculate this. If you are not doing a long Ethernet run, then 12 volt power may work out for you. MikroTik also has an ultra low wattage board; the R.
This board only requires 5. Recently, MikroTik has released several new boards, all with low power requirements. As you can see, the wattage used by this gear is great to use with solar powered setups. If I had my choice, I would like to run 18 20V. The reason is that as the batteries drain, the voltage drops, and if you are running a 12 volt source, you will quickly drop below 10 volts and the RouterBOARDs will stop running.
Some people have asked about using 24 volt solar systems. On a long Ethernet run this will work, but on a short run you have to take into consideration one other fact. Most of the solar charging controllers will output We have seen the voltage spike higher than what the RouterBOARDs are designed for so they power off to prevent damage from overvoltage. So I like to run a bit lower than 24 volts and a bit higher than the 12 volt systems as well. If your only choices are 12 and 24 volt, then run 12 volt!
A single car 12 volt battery can run a single board for several days without issues! We have some solar powered systems deployed and have never had to do more than to change batteries every few years. X86 systems are the same hardware that common PCs and computers are based on. You can even load RouterOS on a basic computer, one that you may have in your home or office.
Most of the features however, are based on a number of interfaces. With multi port Ethernet cards and wireless cards available on the market as well as available through MikroTik, you can make an x86 RouterOS system with little effort and at low cost. There are design issues with building your own systems. If you understand bus limitations, speeds and IRQ conflicts and how these items affect overall system performance, then you can build your own systems using off the shelf hardware just like any other computer would, typically creating a highperformance system.
There are a number of other companies out there as well; a simple Internet search will provide a number of results that sell complete, high performance x86 systems with performance and reliability in mind. These systems are designed to use multiple bus channels, and high quality hardware to deliver reliable operation. One such manufacturer is Link Technologies, Inc.
Their PowerRouter series of devices provides gives you out of the box, ready to run RouterOS performance. These are designed for high performance RouterOS systems take into account bus speed limitations, and even adding multi core processors to further increase performance. These systems are designed to run a Routing Operating System. The PowerRouter , pictured above, USB ports are also included for other data storage devices such as USB memory sticks, as well as cellular data cards.
The series also supports dual hotswappable power supplies as well. You won t get any data on the cabling; however, with the Ethernet Chipset support that RouterOS does offers, there are supported options that enable you to use for fiber optic interfaces.
The PowerRouter offers dual fiber interfaces in the back of the unit as a supported option. These interfaces are SFP, or smallfactor pluggable, interfaces.
These are very common and allow your device to hot plug different types of interfaces, such as Gigabit Ethernet as well as fiber optic transceivers. The PowerRouter series hardware offers upwards of 20 Gigabit SFP interfaces if you require mostly fiber interfaces. This was probably is mostly due to the problematic nature of the drivers that existed. Most computer users are accustomed to installing an Operating System, and then they install drivers to make all of the hardware work.
RouterOS is different. RouterOS contains all of the drivers that you will need right as part of the main installation.
MikroTik though, chooses drivers based on popularity, usability, as well as what is in the contents of the latest Linux kernel to base select the drivers to include with each installation package. RouterOS supports a wide range of Ethernet network adaptors, wireless interface cards, fiber interfaces, as well as 10 Gigabit interfaces. Before you start building your first RouterOS system, make sure you look at the supported hardware list.
With all of these options out there, sometimes it can be difficult to build your own system. The cost difference for a pre designed system on these is typically minimal vs. I have seen this many times, customers wondering why their system does not constantly run reliably. I actually asked one customer what kind of hardware they were using, and their response was, When my Windows 98 computer was too slow for me, we put it on the shelf.
Later, we needed a router, so we plugged it in and put RouterOS on it. When the power supply died in it, we replaced it, with one of our standard fifteen dollar power supplies. As a wise man said, You get what you pay for.
I tend to agree with this. Get hardware that is supported, tested, and as well as designed for a long lifespan. Servers are built with higher grade components, power supplies, and better network cards typically, and that is why they tend to last longer. The same nomenclature should be used with your x86 RouterOS system. Don t skimp when you have to rely on it Several are designed for evaluation of the RouterOS software. License levels 3 through 6 are the most common licenses.
These are paid licenses. The level 5 and 6 are extended licenses designed for high end applications.
These are for wireless CPEs, or customer equipment. There are no upgrades between licenses, so keep in mind the final usages. You can download another license and place it on top of an existing license. An example of this may be that you have a hotspot that needs more than active clients at one time. If this is the case, you can download another level 5 license, at full cost, and then apply it to the existing hardware.
The installation is based on the disk drive or storage device that you use to install RouterOS on. You can move the storage device from one system to another, but you can t move the license. For example, you can move your compact flash card from one x86 system to another x86 system; however you cannot move the license from the existing compact flash card to another compact flash card. If you need a larger compact flash card, then you will have to download another license.
What is the Software ID? It uses the hardware, disk information as well as other methods to generate a software ID Key. This key is then used to generate a license when paying or registering for a demo license. What if your hard disk fails? MikroTik has the ability to replace a license for a nominal cost. You will need to contact them to receive a replacement key. They may need to know how or why the drive failed, and may request the drive before issuing a replacement key. In most cases though, it may be quicker and cheaper just to download another license.
Where is the license stored?
The next section will cover the installation of RouterOS on many different devices Extended Frequency Licenses RouterOS also has the ability to add an extended frequency license, sometimes also called a custom frequency license. In the license window extended frequency shows in the features section. These license features allow RouterOS in conjunction with the right radio card, to operate in any frequency that the hardware can operate in. You will need to contact a reseller in your country to obtain this license feature.
Some may have special paperwork for you to fill out to obtain this license feature. If you have a license or can operate in a band that is not normally allowed by RouterOS, With the above said, since version 4. If you are using an older version of RouterOS you will need to download these, however, on versions higher than v4. In your frequency selection, you will have options for all channels that the radio card can operate in.
Frequencies in BOLD are default standardized channels. If you operate your radio outside of these BOLD channels, you will have to modify the scan list, or directly select the frequency on your clients.
See scan list for more options to allow you to find radios operating outside the standard frequencies for your selected country and frequency mode. RouterOS can be installed on many different devices. Contact your local distributor to find out what hardware comes with what license. If you built your own PC and are planning to install RouterOS on it, then you have several choices for the installation. You can also, use three other methods; NetInstall using a bootable network interface card or NIC , is one method, or using a CD based installation.
Note that RouterBOARDs will come with a RouterOS installation and a license; you typically will only need to use this method to either upgrade a device or to recover from a lost password. Since quite a few of the RouterBOARD products are put into lighting and static intensive areas, such as radio towers, etc. Keep in mind that if your hardware takes a direct lightning strike etc. You may even need to look around to find for the pieces of the board.
So let s get started: Some common programs that you can use, are be Windows HyperTerminal, or Putty. You can download putty at You can also do a web search as well to find download locations for Putty. It is possible to run through a switch, but this sometimes is problematic, so I suggest running a cable directly between your computer and the RouterBOARD. You do not need a gateway or DNS servers. This may disconnect you from the Internet; however, you should have already downloaded all necessary files.
Fourth, ensure that your PC does not have any Firewalls turned on or active and that any active network defense software is disabled. Anti virus programs that have network or software Firewalls, and other similar applications should also be disabled, removed or turned off. You MUST use a null modem cable! You can use USB to serial converters if you need too. When you open your serial port, you should see the login prompt if your board has started up.
During this BIOS screen, you should have an option to press any key to enter setup. Note that you have the option to Press any key within 2 seconds to enter setup.
Press any key to enter the BIOS setup. Start your NetInstall utility. Then you can select your installation package, or NPK file, and finish the installation.
Next, select your Net booting Button: Remember, before we entered as our IP on our PC. My suggestion would be to use and press OK. The option to select this is o.
Upon selecting o, we have a number of other options. Since this is not working, or you don t want to load the existing version of RouterOS, we need to boot from another device. I say typically, as your results may vary and if it s your first time, you might have to try the installation server a few times to understand its ins and outs. Another option would be to just boot over Ethernet, however, once your installation is complete, you will have to go back into the BIOS and select to boot from the NAND to finish the installation.
This will cause your device to reboot, you should see the BIOS screen again, but this time, do not press any key to stop the board from booting. We then use the browse button under the packages section and find the location of our NPK installation file is at. Upon selecting the folder, we can then check the box with the proper installation file and version. You may only have one file in this box, if it s the only one you may have downloaded.
Once you have the package selected, you have a few other options. In the upper right corner, you can select to keep old configuration, this will keep the existing configuration, but write over the RouterOS Operating System. You also have the option of specifying the default baud rate for the serial port, or including a configuration script.
Once you are ready to do the installation, simply press the Install button! At this point, you have a working RouterOS system! As you can see below, there are a number of options that you can install. Here you can select exactly what packages you wish to install.
Simply use your arrow keys to highlight the packages that you wish to install and hit the spacebar to put a X beside each package to select it for installation. Once you have selected all of your packages, you can finish your installation. To do this, hit the I key, I as in Igloo.
This will allow you to finish the installation. Q will cancel your installation and reboot your system. The system will ask if you wish to keep your existing or old configuration. If you are using a licensed version of RouterOS on the existing disk that you are installing too, then this is an option.
By selecting Y, to you will keep that configuration. If you do not have a license, then hitting Y will yield a license issue and it will continues on without keeping your old configuration. It will ask if you wish to format the disk as well. Once the disk if formatted remember you will not lose your license by doing this installation if you do have a license When the installation completes, it will ask you to press enter to reboot your system.
What is it s Purpose! Why should I care? Does it help my bottom. Target Audience: Course prerequisites: By the end of this training session, the student. Feature catalog. It can also be installed on a PC and will turn it into a router with all. Advanced Gigabit Ethernet Routers Models: Advanced Network Routers Models: RouterOS v5. You will find out how to configure your.