Harappan civilization pdf in hindi


Tradition, Craft and Ideology in the Harappan Civilization. (c. number of issues in the study of the Harappan Civilization, its rise and demise. hyacinth bean/ sem (Lablab purpureus) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp, Hindi. Tag: indus valley civilization notes pdf in hindi. image_pdf image_print. Tamil Nadu History Book · Harappan Civilization Tamil Nadu Book Revision Notes!!!. सिन्धु घटी सभ्यता – BC • इसे सरस्वती सिन्धु सभ्यता या हड्डपा सभ्यता के नाम से भी जाना जाता है|.

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Harappan Civilization Pdf In Hindi

The pdf version of the exhibition catalogue is available at . heritage of the Indus Valley Civilization, especially amongst the people who. Indus valley civilization notes PDF in Hindi: Dear Readers Today we are providing you Indus valley civilization or sindhu ghati ki sabhyata notes PDF in Hindi. All About Trending On Earth, Breaking news | Earth Trendz filtered by history of harappan civilization in hindi pdf.

With the population of over five million, this civilization had a well developed trade system, cities, sewerage system, metallurgy techniques with many other mathematical and scientific achievements. But with time, there was shrinkage in the Harappan Civilization. For instance, Mohenjodaro, one of the major cities of this civilization, earlier flourished on about eighty five hectares of land but later on got confined to just three hectares. Due to some reason, population from the Harappa started moving to the nearby and outer cities and places like Punjab, Upper Doab, Haryana, etc. But what leads to the decline of the Harappan Civilization is still a mystery. Proposed theories regarding the decline of the Harappan Civilization Definite reason that led to the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization is not known, as no reliable resource of that period is available at present. Every conclusion regarding the decline is based upon speculations of historians. Though the reason of the decline is not known, but through excavations it is clear that fall of the Harappan Civilization occurred between BC to BC. It is commonly believed that the Aryans were the next settlers. They were skilled fighters, so their attack might have led to the destruction of the Harappan Civilization. Even the epics of the Aryans mentioned about their victory over the great cities. The human remains found during excavation of Indus valley point towards some violent cause of their death. Now many historians, who do not believe this theory, say that the Aryans might not be involved in any such attack. Owing to this conflict, the theory of a huge climatic change or natural disaster gained credibility.

The repetition of this figure in exactly the same position would suggest that he was a deity. A terracotta mask of a horned deity has also been found. Toy carts with wheels, whistles, rattles, bird and animals, gamesmen, and discs were also rendered in terracotta. The most important terracotta figures are those represent Mother Goddess.

SSC History Questions In Hindi Indus Valley Civilization | Exam Aspirant

Mother Goddess Mainly found in Mohenjo-Daro. These figures are usually crude standing figures. Adorned with necklaces hanging over the prominent breast and wearing a loin cloth and a grid.

The fan-shaped headdress with a cup like projection on each side is a distinct decorative feature of the mother goddess.

Indus Valley Civilization – Key Points for SSC CGL 2017

The pellet eyes and beaked nose of the figure are very crude constructed in a rudimentary way. Mouth is indicated by a narrow opening.

Seals: Thousands of seals were discovered from the sites, usually made of steatite, and occasionally of agate, chert, copper, faience and terracotta, with beautiful figures of animals such as unicorn bull, rhinoceros, tiger, elephant, bison, goat, buffalo, etc. The purpose was mainly commercial. They were also used as amulets, carried on the persons of their owners, perhaps as modern identity cards.

Standard Harappan seal was 2 x 2 square inches. Every seal is engraved in a pictographic script which is yet to be deciphered. Some seals were also been found in Gold and Ivory.

The seal depicts a human figure seated cross legged. An elephant and a tiger are depicted to the right side of the figure, while on the left a rhinoceros and a buffalo are seen. Two antelopes deer are shown below the seat nearby his feet.

The figure has a three horned head.

Indus civilization

Pottery: Indus valley pottery consists of very fine wheel made wares, very few being handmade. Plain pottery is more common than painted ware.

Plain pottery is generally red clay, with or without a fine red or grey slip. The black painted ware has a fine coating of red slip on which geometric and animal designs are executed in glossy black paint. The shape was manipulated by pressure of the crafty fingers of the potter.

After baking a clay model, it was painted with black colour. Bisht in Town planning and structures 1. Citadel and lower town 2. The great bath 3. Granary 4. Domestic architecture. Citadel and Lower town Both Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro had a citadel, and this was possibly occupied by members of the ruling party.

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The citadel buildings were constructed on 12 meters high mud bty iy cr tov with brik houses: The lower town was fully covered with walls and attached with a grid system.

The road was cutting across one another virtually at right angles. The Great Bath The great bath was a large rectangular tank. It measures The floor of the bath was made of burnt bricks. It use for ritual bathing and religious ceremony in India.

Dholavira Tank was probably used for the same purpose. Domestic architecture and Granary In the residential buildings of INC the Courtyard was established in the centre of the house. Sign up now. Overview of Course in Hindi. Human Evolution: Australopithecus in Hindi. Paleolithic and Mesolithic Age in Hindi.

Neolithic Age: New Stone Age in Hindi. Chalcolithic Age: Copper Era in Hindi.

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