beautiful landscape. Knowledge of the elements and principles of design is essential to designing a landscape and working through the design process. o Drainage o Views to preserve o Views to buffer o Existing Vegetation o Fencing o Circulation o Client Design Style o Desired elements o Desired maintenance. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 1. Planting design. 2. Landscape design. I. Title. SBR64 'dc
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Genre:||Children & Youth|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Register to download]|
Landscape Design: Elements and Principles. Author: Gail Hansen, PhD. Environmental Horticulture Department. University of Florida. IFAS Extension. Throughout this publica- tion, each step of landscape design is illustrated using this sample landscape. If you want to jump ahead, the completed landscape plan . A Complete Collection of. LANDSCAPE STYLES. Your guide to materials, décor, plant palettes, color palettes, and fabrics for the most popular garden design.
In traditional landscapes, turfgrass receives the highest percentage of irrigation water.
This is because the most commonly used varieties of turfgrass require more water than many other plants in the landscape and homeowners tend to overwater turfgrass. As a result, landscapes with large expanses of turfgrass generally use more water than those with a mixture of other plants. To reduce outdoor water use, consider planting turfgrass only where it has a practical function, such as a play area. Choose turfgrass types that don't use a lot of water, such as low water-using or native grasses and those that can withstand drought.
Slopes can be challenging because of the potential for erosion and runoff. If slopes cannot be avoided in your landscape design, install plantings with deeper root zones such as native ground covers and shrubs to provide stabilization and prevent erosion. Soil can become compacted during home construction or from normal foot traffic.
Aerating your soil with a simple lawn aerator can increase the infiltration of water into the ground, improving water flow to the plant's root zone and reducing water runoff. This will help to reduce evaporation, inhibit weed growth, moderate soil temperature, and prevent erosion.
Types of mulches include bark chips, grass clippings, straw, leaves, stones, and brick chips. Leave a few inches of space between trunks of woody plants and organic mulches to prevent rot.
Leave the grass clippings on your lawn after you mow. The clippings quickly decompose and release valuable nutrients back into the soil to feed the grass, reducing the need for nitrogen. Healthy soils effectively cycle nutrients, minimize runoff, retain water, and absorb excess nutrients, sediments and pollutants. Have your soil tested for nutrient content, pH, soil composition, and organic matter content. Very sandy soil, heavy clay, compacted soil, or extreme soil pH may impact which plants are right for your yard.
In these cases, seek advice from a nursery, horticulturist, Cooperative Extension, or other expert. Also, here are some tutorials that can be helpful with rendering and presentation of landscape projects.
Add grass using Photoshop — By Alex Hogrefe. Hand-sketch trees in elevation view — By Linescapes. Freebies Coffee Break. Time-Saver Standards for Landscape Architecture.
Digital Drawing for Landscape Architecture.
European Landscape Architecture: It includes both the vast gardens of the Chinese emperors and members of the Imperial Family, built for pleasure and to impress, and the more intimate gardens created by scholars, poets, former government officials, soldiers and merchants, made for reflection and escape from the outside world.
They create an idealized miniature landscape, which is meant to express the harmony that should exist between man and nature.
By moving from structure to structure, visitors can view a series of carefully composed scenes, unrolling like a scroll of landscape paintings.
It drew inspiration from paintings of landscapes by Claude Lorraine and Nicolas Poussin , and from the classic Chinese gardens of the East,  which had recently been described by European travellers and were realized in the Anglo-Chinese garden,  and the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau — The English garden usually included a lake, sweeps of gently rolling lawns set against groves of trees, and recreations of classical temples, Gothic ruins, bridges, and other picturesque architecture, designed to recreate an idyllic pastoral landscape.
By the end of the 18th century the English garden was being imitated by the French landscape garden, and as far away as St.
Petersburg, Russia, in Pavlovsk , the gardens of the future Emperor Paul. It also had a major influence on the form of the public parks and gardens which appeared around the world in the 19th century.
Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary field, incorporating aspects of botany , horticulture , the fine arts , architecture , industrial design , geology and the earth sciences , environmental psychology , geography , and ecology. The activities of a landscape architect can range from the creation of public parks and parkways to site planning for campuses and corporate office parks, from the design of residential estates to the design of civil infrastructure and the management of large wilderness areas or reclamation of degraded landscapes such as mines or landfills.
For the period before , the history of landscape gardening later called landscape architecture is largely that of master planning and garden design for manor houses , palaces and royal properties, religious complexes, and centers of government.